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MA 110 CH 12

Terms

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Cutane/o
Skin
Dermat/o
Skin
Derm/o
skin
Seb/o
Sebaceous Glands
Hidr/o
Sweat Glands
pil/i
Hair
Pil/o
Hair
onych/o
nails
ungu/o
nails
Bi/o
life
Derm/o, dermat/o
skin
Hirsut/o
hairy
Kerat/o
hard
lip/o
fat
Melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
Onycho/o
fingernail or toenail
peducul/o
lice
Rhytid/o
wrinkle
Urtic/o
rash
Xer/o
dry
Sebaceous Glands Functions
1. Secrete Sebum to lubricate the skin 2. Discourage growth of bacteria on skin
Sweat Glands Primary Function
Secrete sweat to regulate body temp/H20 Content
Hair function
control loss of body heat
Lunula
1/2 moon shaped region of nail root. Where Keratin cells form.
Skin Lesion: Crust
A collection of dried serum and cellular debris
Skin Lesion: Papule
Small solid raised lesion that is less than .5 cm in diameter
Skin Lesion: Macule
A flat discolored lesion less than 1 cm in Diameter
Skin Lesion: Wheal
A slightly elevated swollen area. Red or paler than the surrounding skin. Often itchy.
Skin Lesion: Cyst
Closed Sack or pouch containing soft or semi-soft material
Skin Lesion: Vesicle
Small blister containing watery fluid
Skin Lesion: Pustule
Small elevation of skin containing pus
Skin Lesion: Bulla
Large blister
Skin Lesion: Fissure
Crack or groove in skin - sore.
Skin Lesion: Ulcer
Open lesion of skin resulting in tissue loss
1st degree burn
Burn of the Epidermis
3 layers of skin
1. Epidermis 2. Dermis 3. Subcutaneous, Fat/Muscle
2nd Degree Burn
Through Epidermris/Dermis Blistered skin
3rd Degree Burn
Down to Subcutaneous layer of skin - charred and black
Actinic Keratosis
Percancerous skin growth usually caused by sun damage
Albinism
Absence of pigmentation in skin
Alopecia
Baldness
Blepharoplasty
Surgical repair of eyelids
Carbuncle
connected boils
Chloasma
Brown spots on face - usually during pregnancy
Cicatrix
scar
Comedo
Build up of sebum and keratin in hair follicle
Debridement
Surgical removal of necrotic tissue
Dermatitis
inflammation of skin
Diaphoresis
excessive sweating
Dysplastic Nevi
Abnormal Mole
Ecchymosis
bruise
Eczema
type of dermatitis
Erythema
redness of skin
Exfoliative dermatitis
excessive flaking of skin
Folliculitis
inflammation of hair fillicle
Granuloma
Small growths in epidermis
Hematoma
bruise
Hirsutism
excessive body or facial hair in women
Ichthysosis
Hereditary Dermatosis
Keloid
abnormal scar - usually raised
Keratosis
abnormal thickening of skin
Koilonychia
spoon shaped fingernail
lipederma
Accumulation of fat/fluid under skin
Lipoma
benign fatty tumor
lupus erythematosus
autoimmune disorder causing red, scaly skin & inflamed joints
Macule
Freckle-like pigmentation
Malignant Melanoma
Cancer
Onychomycosis
fungal infection of fingernail
pediculosis
lice infestation
Petechiae
pinpoint hemorrhages in skin - usually following fever
Pruritus
itching
Psoriasis
red papules on elbows, knees, back, buttocks
Purulent
Produces pus
Rhytidectomy
facelift
Rosacea
Adult acne, time red pimples
Seborrhea
excessive production of sebum
Tinea
Fungal infection of skin - includes athletes foot, jock itch
urticaria
hives, itchy wheal caused by allergy
Strawberry Angioma
Cluster of capillaries close to skin - birth defect
Vitiligo
White patches on skin
Xeroderma
Excessively dry skin

Deck Info

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