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CELL REPRODUCTION AND MEMBRANE AND TRANSPORT

Terms

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GAMETE
REPRODUCTIVE CELLS, SUCH AS SPERM AND EGGS
CHROMOSOMES
THE SHAPE DNA TAKES DURING MITOSIS
CELL PLATE
FORMS IN PLANT CELLS TO FORM THE NEW CELL WALLS
SPERMTOGENESIS
GAMETE FORMATION IN MALES
CELL WALL
FOUND OUTSIDE THE CELL MEMBRANE. NOT FOUND IN ANIMAL AND PROTIST CELL
PHAGOCYTOSIS
CELL "EATING"
HYPERTONIC
KIND OF SOLUTION WHEN WATER MOVES OUT OF THE CELL CAUSING IT TO "SKRINK"
PASSIVE TRANSPORT
DOES NOT REQUIRE ENERGY
HYPOTONIC
KIND OF SOLUTION WHEN WATER MOVES INTO THE CELL CAUSING IT TO "SWELL"
FACILITATED DIFFUSION
WHEN CELL MEMBRANE PROTEINS FORM CHANNELS THAT SOME MOLECULES CAN PASS THROUGH
PINOCYTOSIS
CELL "DRINKING"
OSMOSIS
HAPPENS WHEN THE SOLUTION AND CELL ARE HYPERTONIC OR HYPOTHONIC
CYTOKINESIS
DIVISION OF CYTOPLASM AND ALL THE ORGANELLES
CELL CYCLE
THE SERIES OF EVENTS THAT CELLS GO THROUGH AS THEY GROW AND DIVIDE
SOMATIC
BODY CELLS
PROPHASE
FIRST AND LONGEST PHAT OF MITOSIS
ANAPHASE
PHASE OF MITOSIS WHERE CENTROMETERS THAT JOIN THE SISTER CHROMATIDS SPLIT
CENTROILE
LIE IN A REGION CALLED THE CENTROSOME THAT HELPS ORGANIZE THE SPINDLE
EXOCYTOSIS
WHEN SUBSTANCES ARE RELEASED FROM THE CELL
G2 PHASE
GROWTH AND PREPARATION FOR CELL DIVISION PHASE OF INTERPHASE
HAPLOID
CELLS THAT HAVE HALF THE NUMBER OF CHROMOSOME
ACTIVE TRANSPORT
REQUIRES ENERGY
ENDOCYTOSIS
WHEN THINGS ENTER THE CELL
MITOSIS
DIVISION OF THE CELL NUCLEUS
MEIOSIS
THE PROCESS OF REDUCTION DIVISION IN WHICH THE NUMBER OF CHROMOSOMES PER CELL IS CUT IN HALF
SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE
ONLY ALLOWS CERTAIN THINGS IN
TELOPHASE
PHASE OF MITOSIS WHERE THE NUCLEAR ENVELOPE BEGINS TO REFORM AROUND THE 2 NEW NUCLEI
CENTROMERE
AREA WHERE CHROMATIDS ARE ATTACKED AND SPINDLE FIBERS THEN ATTACH
CELL MEMBRANE
MODEL IS CALLED THE FLUID MOSIAC MODEL. POROUS TO ALLOW THINGS LIKE OXYGEN IN. ALSO CALLED THE PLASMA MEMBRANE.
MITOTIC SPINDLE
A FAN LIKE MICROTUBULE STRUTURE THAT HELPS ORGANIZE
G1 PHASE
WHEN CELLS GROWTH AND MAKE MORE ORGANELLES IN INTERPHASE
WHO PHOTOSYNTHESIZED?
PLANT ALGAE SOME BACTERIA
S PHASE
WHEN CHROMOSOME REPLICATION TAKES PLACE
DIPLOID
CELL THAT CONTAINS BOTH SETS OF HOMOLOGOUS
CLEAVAGE FURROW
PLACE WHERE ANIMAL CELLS PINCH OFF IN THE CENTER DURING CYTOKINESIS TO MAKE TWO NEW CELLS
OOGENESIS
GAMETE FORMATION IN FEMALE
WHERE DOES PHOTOSYNTHESIS OCCUR?
CHLOROPLAST
METAPHASE
PHASE OF MITOSIS WHEN CHROMOSOME LINE UP ACROSS THE CENTER OF THE CELL
CANCER
DISORDER WHERE SOME OF THE BODY'S OWN CELLS LOSE THE ABILITY TO CONTROL GROWTH
WHICH PROVIDE MORE ENERGY?
AEROBIC RESPIRATION
WHICH USES OXYGEN?
AEROBIC RESPIRATION
WHO USE CELLULAR RESPIRATION?
PLANT ALGAE SOME BACTERIA

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