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Scientific Revolution

Terms

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geocentric theory
theory that the earth is the center of the universe, the sun revolves around the earth (originally from aristotle, was studied by the church)
sir francis bacon
said "science will be the savior of humanity," denounced aristotle's theories
sir isaac newton
gravity, calculus, objects are affected equally by the same force
paracelsus
believed that each disease has its own cause and remedy, nothing to do with spiritual alignment (alchemist - said that matter is composed of salt, sulfur, & mercury), "the dose makes the poison"
galileo galilei
created the telescope, discovered four moons of jupiter, disproved geocentric theory, observed sunspots, discovered the law of inertia
andreas vesalius
Belgian, made first modern anatomical drawings (1543), personal physician of Charles V, did human dissections
rene descartes
dreamed he discovered scientific principles of universal knowledge, worked out mathematical proofs for galileo's theories, wrote "Discourse on Method," said "I think, therefore I am," believed that there is dual existence of the material world and the mind
nicolaus copernicus
polish scholar who proposed the heliocentric theory
scientific method
the scientific approach to solving a problem (hypothesis, experiment, etc)
johannes kepler
student of brahe, formulated laws of planetary life, discovered that planets orbit the sun elliptically
empiricism
scientific method, knowledge comes from experience and study
heliocentric theory
theory that all planets revolve around the sun (copernicus and galileo)
tycho brahe
discovered a nova, believed that all planets except earth revolve around the sun, and the sun revolves around the earth
tradition & superstition
church, nostalgia, relgion, abstract theory, emotionalsim
robert boyle
developed anatomic theory, found relationship between volume, pressure, and temperature, wrote "the sceptical chemist"
scientific revolution
a period of great scientific change and discovery
logic & reason
philosophes, rationalism, empiricism, tolerance, skepticism

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