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Global 10 Scientific Revolution

Terms

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Johannes Kepler
(1571-1630) A German philosopher, he was one of the first to agree with Copernicus. He added elliptical orbits to the theory.
95 Theses
Statements posted on a church door by Martin Luther. Posted on October 31, 1517, it invited people to debate about church teachings.
Galileo
(1564-1642) An Italian professor of math, he agreed with the heliocentric theory and published his findings. He invented the early telescope. The church threatened to burn him at the stake, and he took back all his statements (the church was wrong, he was right).
Sir Isaac Newton
(1642-1727) He created calculus, and developed the theory of gravity. He also developed the 3 laws of physics, and showed that humans were intelligent enough to discover the laws of the universe.
Scientific Method
Invented by Galileo, it is a logical procedure or plan to gather and test ideas. The steps include problem/question, hypothesis, testing, analyze data and conclusion. It was improved by Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes.
Martin Luther
(1483-1546) A monk from Germany, he took a stand against some religious leaders selling indulgences. He developed the 95 Theses and posted them, and began the Reformation. He was excommunicated by the Pope.
Heliocentric Theory
Theory developed by Copernicus. The theory went against the church teachings, showing the sun was the center of the universe (not Earth), and planets revolve around the sun.
Protestant Reformation
A movement for religious reform, it was begun by Martin Luther. This led to the founding of Christian churches not under the Pope's control. This also led to the Inquisition.
Nationalism
Pride in your country and the desire to rule your own country.
Copernicus
a polish astronomer (studied the stars). He was the first person to challenge the church teachings about the geocentric theory. He was afraid to publish his heliocentric theory until the year he died.

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