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Montgomery Bus Boycott


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December 1, 1955
Rosa Parks is arrested for violating bus seregation laws
December 5, 1955
Rosa Parks is convicted and fined in Montgomery Court. The one-day bus boycott results in 90 percent of normal black ridership staying off buses.
February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005
Later years
After her arrest, Rosa Parks became an icon of the Civil Rights Movement
Rosa Parks helped found the Rosa L. Parks Scholarship Foundation for college-bound high school seniors.
December 5, 1955- again
On the afternoon of decmeber 5, black leaders met and formed the Montgomery Improvment Association (MIA)
Febuary 1, 1956
The MIA filed suit in the United States District Court challenging the constitutionality of bus segregation.
The Montgomery bus boycott lasted for more than a year, demonstrating a new spirit of protest among Southern blacks.
In June of 1956
the U.S. District Court rules in favor of the MIA, the city appealed the decision to the United States Surpreme Court.
What was it
Protest in Montgomery, Alabama protesting the segregation on the buses
How did it start
When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat for a white man she was arrested
What happened after she was arrested
There were around 52,000flier created telling all Montgomery blacks to stay off the public buses
What went on after she was bailed out
MLK Jr. and a group of 50 black leaders and 1 white minister gathered in MLK Jr.'s basement. There they talked about a boycott and planned a rally the evening of her trial
What kind of torure did the blacks have to deal with on the buses
They would have to pay in the front of the bus and then reboard on the back. The bus would sometimes pull away before they reboard. No black man/women could sit in the same row as a white and white's had priority to no man's land (mmiddle of the bus).
What did the blacks do during the boycott
The blacks agreed on not taking any type of public transpotation. Instead they would walk where they have to go.
Overall impact
blacks were able to sit where they wanted on the public buses and it helped to start the Civil Rights Movement

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