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History Final Exam for Hutch

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
monotheism
belief in one god
Boston Latin School
First real school in the united states
Isaac Newton
English Scientist, Astronomer, and Mathematician
Hernando Cortes
Spanish conquerer of Mexico
Separatists
People who wanted to have a separate, or different church. Also known as Pilgrims.
Galileo
Astronomer who invented telescope
infidel
a person who does not acknowledge your God
indigenous
originating where it is found
nomad
someone who is not sedentary or who travels to catch food
prejudice
A judgment or opinion formed without due examination of the facts.
John Wycliffe
Translated bible so all people could read it
Johnathan Edwards
Helped start great awakening and wrote sinners in the hands of an angry god
L'Anse aux Meadows
an island off of Newfound land and was discovered by Eric the Red in 1001
teepee
a native American tent
Patrician
a member of the highest class of society in Italian city-states during the Renaissance
sedentary
not migratory; settled
Henry the 8th
King of England who established the church of England
Amerigo Vespucci
Italian navigator who explored South America, America named for him
Quakers
English dissenters who broke from Church of England, preache a doctrine of pacificism, inner divinity, and social equity, under William Penn they founded Pennsylvania
Francisco Pizarro
Spanish conquerer of peru
land bridge
a bridge between two larger pieces of land formed by a small strip of land and is often temporary
Vasco de Gama
Portugese navigator who sailed from Portugal to India
maize
corn
Christopher Columbus
Italian navigator for Spanish who discovered West Indies
Vinland
name the Vikings gave to America
Charter
legal document giving certain rights to a people or company
Leonardo da Vinci
one of the greatest figures of the Renisance, he was a great artist and great scientific thinker
Norsemen
members of any of the peoples of medieval Scandinavia (aka Vikings)
Protestant Reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
Peter Minuit
Dutch colonist who bought Manhattan from the Native Americans for the equivalent of $24 (1580-1638)
Anne Hutchinson
American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591-1643) (radical women) believed god would have spoken to her
Johann Gutenburg
invented movable printing press
sabbath
holy day of rest
primogeniture
right of inheritance belongs exclusively to the eldest son
artifact
an object that was made in the past
Virginia Dare
First Child Born in the American Colonies
King James I
Jamestown was named after - King after Queen Elizabeth I
Montezuma
Aztec emperor during spanish invasion
Queen Isabella
Queen of spain who gave colombus the ships and sailors to sail to the new world
cartographer
a person who makes maps
John Rolfe
he save the colony, married Pocahontas and started the planting of a sweet tobacco in Jamestown
Puritans
they wanted to purify the church
Renaissance
the revival of attention to classical Greek and Roman art, literature, and learning that originated in Italy in the 14th century and later spread through Europe
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of goods and ideas between Native Americans and Europeans
Bartholomew Diaz
Portugese navigator who rounded cape of good hope but never made it to india
Sir Walter Raleigh
Sea dog connected with defeat of Spanish armada and friend of queen Elizabeth
saga
a narrative telling the adventures of a hero or a family
House of Burgesses
The first official legislative assembly in the Colonies
adobe
sun-dried brick
excommunication
the act of banishing a member of the Church from the communion of believers and the privileges of the Church
Plimoth
Where the pilgrims had settled and landed on the Mayflower
Jacques Cartier
traveled more than halfway up saint lawrence river
Magna Carta
Document stating British king could not raise taxes without consulting a council first
Sir Francis Drake
British Sea Dog connected with the defeat of the spanish armada
Ferdinand Magellan
Portugese navigator who circumnavigated the globe
chinampas
floating gardens
Leif Ericson
Viking sailor, explored coast of Newfoundland
Spanish Armada
Spanish navy, one of largest military forces in history, assembled to invade England, ,
John Smith
helped save virginian colony by making colonists plant food if they wanted to plant tobacco
caravel
a swift, maneuverable sailing ship used for exploration by the spanish and the portuguese in the 1500s and 1600s.
gentry
top class
Martin Frobisher
one of the heroes for the English against Spanish Armada
reservation
the act of keeping back or setting aside for some future occasion
coureurs de bois
typically french fur traders
Charles I
King of England who disliked puritans and their ideas and had a few jailed
Mayflower Compact
this document established the first bases in the new world for written rights
Thomas Hooker
Founded Conneticut with strict limits on goverment
sister crops
corns, beans, squash
theocracy
the belief in government by divine guidance
pueblo
a communal village built by Indians in the southwestern United States
Nicolaus Copernicus
Believed that earth revolved around sun, not vice versa, he was excommunicated from the church
William Bradford
Governor who replaced old governor and helped Plimoth colony survive
Juan Ponce de Leon
Went to Florida looking for fountain of youth
Crusades
any of the military expeditions undertaken by European Christians form c. 1100 to c. 1400 to win the Holy Land form the Muslims
Roger Williams
Puritan minister in Salem 1634; founded Rhode Island. He wanted church separate from the state
Northwest Passage
a water route between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans along the northern coast of North America
Jacques Marquette
In 1673 set out to explore mississippi
Vikings
one of a seafaring Scandinavian people who raided the coasts of northern and western from the eighth through the tenth century.
Mercantilism
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
Eric the Red
a viking who explored greenland
polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
terrace gardening
the building of raised banks of earth on steep land for farming
Samuel de Champlain
French explorer in Nova Scotia who established a settlement on the site of modern Quebec (1567-1635)
Buffer
Georgia, protected other colonies from spain
slash and burn
a farming method involving the cutting of trees, then burning them to provide ash-enriched soil for the planting of crops
republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Cash Crop
Crop sold for cash
Prince Henry the Navigator
sailed to Africa and started Sagresm, a port for learning and trade
conquistador
conquerer- came over to the New world to get rich ( God, Gold, Glory)
glacier
a slowly moving mass of ice
John Calvin
Man who decided to teach of Lutherism and started Calvinism
Henry Hudson
English navigator who sailed Hudson river
discrimination
unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
Navigation Acts
Series of laws that regulated trade between england and colonies
Martin Luther
he was an augustinian monk who sought to recognize the faults within the roman catholic church
Queen Elizabeth I
daughter of Henry VIII and a protestant who persecuted catholics
long house
large house built by Indians in which eight or ten families lived
John Winthrop
puritan, minister and governor of massachusettes bay colony.
Avignon Papacy
that period of Church history from 1308 to 1378 when the popes lived and ruled in Avignon, France instead of in Rome
Pochahontas
Indian Princess, married John Rolfe which helped saved Jamestown
sea dog
a man who serves as a sailor
William Penn
Quaker who founded the colony of Pennslyvania
James Oglethorpe
A reformer who created Georgia as a place where debtors could live
"City Upon a Hill"
Boston
Mason & Dixon
two english Surveyors and surveyed the boundary line
enclosure movement
landowners found they could get more money with sheep and they threw people off their land
The Calverts
started colony of Maryland, founded Maryland, the land to worship Catholicism (lord baltimore)
humanism
an attitude that is concerned primarily with human beings and their values, capacities, and achievements
Tituba
Paris family slave and main contributor to salem witch trials

Deck Info

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