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History Vocab Chapter 9 Section 1


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"Old Rough and Ready"
Zack Taylor
"Old Fuss and Feathers"
Winfield Scott
From U.S or Europe
Tex-Mex Culture
Mixture of Texan and Mexican cultures
an economic system based on open competition in a free market, in which individuals and companies own the means of production and operate for profit
Wilmot Proviso
amendment to the 1846 bill that slavery would not be promitted in any of territory from Mexico, bill was attached to bills for new territories.
Stephen Kearny
American general in war with Mexico, he captured Santa Fe without fireing a shot, Captures Sante Fe, secures California. also known as "Long March" was made a Col. by Polk, across desert to SantaFe captured NM without shot
Rio Grande River
forms a border between Mexico and US; small by the time it reaches El Paso; Colorado and New Mexico claim a lot of its water, largely unnavigable and hot
John C. Fremont
. Explorer and military leader who led the Bear Flag Republic US troops in 1846 took Cali
Santa Fe Trail
an important trade route going between Independence, Missouri and Santa fe, New mexico used from about 1821 to 1880
Stephen Austin
Original settler of Texas, granted land from Mexico on condition of no slaves, convert to Roman Catholic, and learn Spanish,, Austin, Texas was named after him; he was the man the brought the first Americans into Texas because he was granted permission by the Mexicans. Leader of Texas settlers in 1820
Manifest Destiny
This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory.
Bear Flag Republic
Alternate name for California
Charles Goodyear
United States inventor of vulcanized rubber (1800-1860)
Donner Party
California settlers and pioneers who were snow bound in Nevada, they resorted to cannibalism
Winfield Scott
United States general who was a hero of the War of 1812 and who defeated Santa Anna in the Mexican War (1786-1866)
a seat of government
in farming, the raising of one or two crops for sale rather than a variety of foods for personal use
Black Hawk War
Chief Black Hawk of Sauk tribe, led rebellion against US; started in Illinois and spread to Wisconsin Territory; 200 Sauk and Fox ppl murdered; tribes removed to areas west of Mississippi
church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 with headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah, religious group that emphasized moderation, saving, hard work, and risk-taking; moved from IL to UT
Wilmot Proviso
Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico
person who arranged for the settlement of land in Texas during the 1800s, they had cheap land as long as they obeyed mexican law and followed catholic religion
Remember the Alamo
The Battle cry of Texas
Slidell Mission
This was a last ditch attempt to gain California for America. Polk sent Slidell to offer a maximum of $25 million for it, but it was rejected by the Mexicans. This prompted Polk to provoke war with the Mexicans. John went to Cali and added New Mexico to gain approval of the Rio Grande as the texas border
Prairie schooner
a large wagon with broad wheels and an arched canvas top
Old Hickory
Andrew Jackson's nick name
James K. Polk
president in March 1845. wanted to settle oregon boundary dispute with britain. wanted to aquire California. wanted to incorperate Texas into union, 11th president, southwest expansion with war
General Zachary Taylor
American military leader and the twelfth President of the United States.achieved fame while leading U.S. troops to victory at several critical battles of the Mexican-American War. A Southern slaveholder who opposed the spread of slavery to the territories, he was uninterested in politics but was recruited by the Whig Party as their nominee in the 1848 presidential election
Santa Ana
Mexican gov't dictator who led troops agaisnt the Texans in the Alamo, died in Jiciento
Oregon Trail
pioneer trail that began in missouri and crossed the great plains into the oregon country, from Independance Missouri to Oregon
market revolution
economic changes where people buy and sell goods rather than make them themselves
someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it
process of treating rubber or rubberlike materials with sulphur at great heat to improve elasticity and strength or to harden them
Antonio Lopes de Santa Anna
Mexican President, suspended th e1824 Mexican constitution and had Austin imprisoned for inciting revolution
Mexican residents of Texas. Many fought with the Americans in the Revolution, but after Texas was independent, the Americans didn't trust them. The Americans feared they were spies and drove many out of Texas.

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