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US History Terms

IDs 1-25


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Stono Rebellion
1739 slave uprising in South Carolina. Killed 20 whites and burned plantations. Wiped out by the militia. Resulted in a new slave code: Slaves must be under constant surveillance; Masters could be fined for not disciplining slaves; and legislative approval required for manumission.
King Philip's War
Puritans vs. Wampanoag Tribe in 1675. Metacom organized a resistance against the colonists. Colonists retaliated by destroying food supplies. Reduced New England's Indian population by 40%.
John Winthrop
Leader of the Massachusetts Bay Company, later becoming Governor of the colony. Purtitan. Believed they were to be an example to Great Britain
Religious leader and medicine man of Native American tribes.
Bacon's Rebellion
Let by Nathaniel Bacon in 1675-76. Appointed to exterminate all nearby Indians. When Gov. Berkley recalled him and his men, he burned Jamestown and looted plantations. Revealed a society under deep internal stress resulting from the tobacco depression.
Squanto and Samoset
Two Indians that helped the Pilgrims that landed at Plymouth. Taught them how to grow corn and arranged alliances between their tribes and the Pilgrims.
Old Deluder Act
Act passd in 1647 in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. First step toward public education. Attendance optional.
John Smith
Member of the Virginia Company of Plymouth. Assumed control, instituted harsh discipline and organized the settlers, ensuring the survival of Jamestown during the winter of 1608-1609.
George Washington
Established an outpost called Fort Neccessity about 40 miles from Fort Duquesne. First President of the United States, 1789-1797. Commander-in-Chief of the Constitutional Army during the American Revolution and President of the Constitutional Convention.
Samuel Adams
Massachusetts congressman. Had helped organize the Sons of Liberty. Drafted the circular letter in response to the Townshend duties in 1768 that resulted in the dismissal of the Massachusetts legislature. Instigator of the Boston Tea Party. Delegate of the First Continental Congress.
Jonathan Edwards
Congregationalist minister during the Second Great Awakening that emphasized the corruption of human nature, the fury of divine wrath and the need for immediate repentance. Gave the sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God."
Dominion of New England
James II centralized America in 1686 by merging the five colonies of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island and Plymouth. New York and the Jerseys were later added. Colony legislatures ceased to exist. Sir Edmund Andros was placed in charge.
Potlatch Ceremony
Ceremonies in which the Indians gave away or destroyed much of their material wealth.
Richard Hakluyt
Main promoter of colonization by England in the New World. Reasons included surplus of English labor and thwarting Spain.
Martin Luther
German friar that criticized the sale of indulgenges and other grievances within the Catholic church. His revolt sparked the Protestant Reformation.
Native American belief that nature is alive, pulsating with spiritual power. Force that affected human life for both good and evil.
John Cotton
Puritan minister in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Anne Hutchinson was a member of his congregation.
Benjamin Franklin
Diplomat, American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard's Almanac. Negotiated French support for the colonists, signed the Treaty of Paris (1783), and helped draft the Constitution.
Hernan Cortes
1485-1547. Spaniard that conquered the Aztecs.
Thomas Hutchinson
Lieutenant Governor (and later Governor) of Massachusetts. Advocated limiting the English liberties for American colonists. British sympathist prior to the American Revolution.
Salutary Neglect
England loosely governed American colonies. Made them resistant to increased rule resulting in the American Revolution.
Walking Purchase
Dispute of boundary in Pennsylvania between colonists and the Delaware Indians. Agreed on the Indians method of settling by sending out men to walk as far as they could in a given time. Colonists cheated.
Anne Hutchinson
Puritan that dissented. Directly attacked the clergy's authority. Claimed to communicate directly with the Holy Spirit. She and her followers, the Antinomians, were banished and settled in Rhode Island.
Thomas Paine
Wrote Common Sense in January of 1776. Believed that the monarchy and empire were the real enemies to American liberty. Convinced colonists of the necessity for American independence.
John Dickinson
Wrote Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania in 1767 in response to the Revenue Act prior to the American Revolution.

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