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Med Term Ch 14


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absence of one or both testes
inability to secrete or ejactulate sperm
semen without living spermatozoa; a sign of infertility in a male
glans penis
inflammation of the glans penis
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), benign prostatic hypertrophy
enlargement of the prostate gland, common in older men, causing urinary obstruction
biopsy (Bx)
tissue sampling used to identify neoplasia
biopsy of the prostate
needle biopsy of the prostate; often performed using ultrasound guidance
radiation therapy technique involving internal implantation of radioactive isotopes, such as radioactive seeds to treat prostate cancer
bulbourethral glands, Cowper glands
pair of glands below the prostate, with ducts opening into the urethra, that adds a viscid (sticky) fluid to the semen
treatment of malignancies, infections, and other diseases with chemical agents that destroy selected cells or impair their ability to reproduce
most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America; often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread
removal of the foreskin (prepuce), exposing the glans penis
condyloma acuminatum
lesion that appears as a result of human papilloma virus; on the skin, lesions appear as cauliflower-like warts, and on mucous membranes, they have a flat appearance; also known as venereal or genital warts
cryptorchism, crpytorchidism
undescended testicle, or failure of a testicle to descend into the scrotal sac during fetal development; the testis most often remains lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal, requiring surgical repair
digital rectal exam (DRE)
insertion of a finger into the male rectum to palpate the rectum and prostate
ejaculatory duct
duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra
endorectal sonogram of the prostate, transrectal sonogram of the prostate
scan of the prostate made after introducing an ultrasonic transducer into the rectum; also used to guide needle biopsy
removal of an epididymis
coiled duct on the top and at the side of the testis that stores sperm before emission
inflammation of the epididymis
erectile dysfunction (ED)
failure to initiate or maintain an erection until ejaculation because of physical or psychologic dysfunction; formerly termed impotence
glans penis
bulging structure at the distal end of the penis
contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus Neisseria gonorrhea; the condition was named for the uretharal discharge characteristic of the infection, which was thought to be a leakage of semen
hepatitis B virus
virus that causes inflammation of the liver; transmitted through any body fluid, including vaginal secretions, semen and blood
herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV2)
virus that causes ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection the virus lies dormany in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
use of a hormone to remedy a deficiency or regulate production (eg. testosterone)
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
virus that causes AIDS, which permits various opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurologic diseases; contracted through exposure to contaminated blood or body fluid (eg. semen, vaginal secretion)
human papilloma virus (HPV)
virus transmitted by direct sexual contact that causes an infection that can occur on the skin or mucous membranes of the genitals
hernia of fluid in the testis or in the tubes leading from the testis
congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis
mucopurulent discharge
drainage of mucus and pus
testicular tumor arising from more mature germ cells; these tumors have a tendency to be more aggressive than seminomas and often develop earlier in life; includes choriocarinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumors
scanty production and expulsion of sperm
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, test/o
testis or testicle
removal of a testicle
fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum
repair of a testicle
penile prosthesis
implantation of a device designed to provide an erection of the penis; used to treat physical impotence
penile self-injection
intracavernosal injection therapy causing an erection; used in treatment of erectile dysfunction
erectile tissue covered with skin that contains the urethra for urination and the ducts for secretion of seminal fluid (semen)
external region between the scrotum and anus in a male and between the vulva and anus in a female
Peyronic disease
disorder characterized by a buildup of hardened fibrous tissue in the corpus cavernosum, causing pain and a defective curvature of the penis, especially during erection
a narrowed condition of the prepuce (foreskin) resulting in its inability to be drawn over the glans penis, often leading to infection; commonly requires circumcision
foreskin; loose casing that covers the glans penis; removed by circumcision
prostate cancer
malignancy of the prostate gland
prostate gland
trilobular gland that encircles the urethra just below the bladder and secretes an alkaline fluid into the semen
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
blood test used to screen for prostate cancer; an elevated level of the antigen indicates the possible presence of tumor
excision of the prostate gland
inflammation of the prostate
radiation therapy
treatment of neoplastic disease using radiation, usually from a cobalt source, to stop the prolifeation of malignant cells
skin-covered pouch in the groin divided into two sacs, each containing a testis and an epididymis
a mixture of the secretions of the testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasm
semen analysis
study of semen, including a sperm count with observation of morphology (form) and motility; usually performed to rule out male infertility
seminal vesicle
one of two sac-like structures behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side; secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
most common type of testicular tumor, composed of immature germ cells; highly treatable with early detection
sperm, spermatozoon
male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the ovum in the female to produce offspring
sperm/o, spermat/o
sperm (seed)
painless, benign cystic mass containing sperm lying above and posterior to, but separate from, the testicle
sexually transmitted infection caused by a spirochete and which may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifests first on the skin, with the appearance of small, painless, red papules that erode and form bloodless ulcers called chancres
testicular biopsy
biopsy of a testicle
testicular cancer
malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm; classified in two groups according to growth potential
testis, testicle
one of the two male reproductive glands, located in the scrotum, that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
removal of prostatic gland tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope, a specialized urologic endoscope; common treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy
x-ray of the urethra and prostate
enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near the testis
vas deferens
duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male
restoration of the function of the vas deferens to regain fertility after a vasectomy

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