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Stress and Health


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Alarm Reaction
The initial stage in the body's response to stressful stimuli, characterized by adaptive physiological changes, such as increased hormonal activity and increased heart rate
Absence of pain in response to stimulation which would normally be painful
B Lymphocytes
make antibodies against soluble antigens
Constant non-stop stress
eat less
suppresses appetite (fast acting)
  • Hormones released during stress cause glucose and fatty acids to be released into bloodstream
  • The body becomes unresponsive to insulin
  • Immune system attack the pancreas
Inability to concentrate or attend to the task on hand; inattentiveness
During meditation see:
  • Less activity in the parietal lobe
  • More activity in the frontal lobe
During stress, the heart:
  • Beats faster
  • Beats with more force
During stress, veins in the heart:
  • Constrict
  • Become more rigid
During stress, your body:
Conserves water
During stress:
  • Glucocorticoids damage the hippocampus
  • Amygdala activation can disrupt hippocampus
  • Neural networks get disconnected
  • Decreased glucose to neurons
  • Neuronal birth inhibited
Elevated glucocorticoids levels
  • Affects the synthesis, release, efficacy, and breakdown of serotonin
  • Immunosuppression
  • Lethargy
Exercise results in:
  • Body arousal
  • Warmth
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Sound sleep
the result of a period of expending too much effort at work while having too little recovery
Extended release of glucocorticoids impairs ___
recall/retrieval of information – implicit memory is fine
General Adaptation Syndrome
the body has a natural, adaptive response to stress that is composed of three stages: alarm, resistance, exhaustion
affect metabolism and have anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects
An increased response to a stimulus that is normally painful
Impaired Reproductive System: Females
  • lengthened cycles
  • loss of estrogen
  • inhibit progesterone levels
  • disrupts libido
Impaired Reproductive System: Males
  • decline in testosterone levels
  • difficulty with having and sustaining an erection
  • premature ejaculation
Intermittent stress
eat more
phagocytize (engulf and then digest) cellular debris and pathogens either as stationary or mobile cells, and to stimulate lymphocytes and other immune cells to respond to the pathogen
Mild to moderate stressors improve...
a somewhat disruptive response by the client to some topic they find sensitive
Sleep deprivation is a stressor – increases ___
Sources of Stress
  • Catastrophes
  • Significant life changes
  • Daily hassles
  • Perception of no control & lack of predictability
Anything that knocks us out of homeostasis or homeostatic balance
Stress and depressio
go hand-in-hand and the relationship is bidirectional
Stress results in increased ___, CRH suppresses ___.
CRH, sleep
T Lymphocytes
play a central role in cell-mediated immunity
Type A
competent, hard driving, impatient, verbally abusive, anger-prone people
Type B
easygoing, relaxed people
Type D
distressed personality, negative emotions, social inhibition

Deck Info