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psych 100 Exam 3


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teen years to 20s identity vs role confusion
18 months - 3 years elimination then retention
arousal theory
people are motivated to maintain a level of arousal optiaml for their arousal
like case studies, you talk to other people in that persons life, interviews and investigating the effect of past events on a persons life
biological changes
aging is silent muscle tone loss vision gets worse decrease in efficiency in heart and lungs menopause alzheimers disease increase in proportion of fat to muscle
double strands of DNA in nucleus of cells that contain genes
cognitive development
intellectual growth
concrete operations stage
7 to 11 achieve conservation can understand sequence can take into account two perceptual factors ex: 7 year olds and color of water
conventional morality
early adolescence, morality evolves to a more conventional level that cares for others and upholds laws and social rules simply because they are the laws and rules
cross sectional
different patterns with different ages
drive reduction theory
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state that motivates an organism to satisfy the need
tall thin restrained self-conscious fond of solitude
reality principle
electra complex
got her brother to kill her mother -- penis envy
elementary school
6 years to puberty competence vs guilt
short plump sociable relaxed and even tempered
external hunger signals
expected mealtime sight of food smell of food stress boredom
formal operations stage
11 and up reasoning apart from a concrete situation reality seen as hypothesis formulated
segments along chromosome strands that blueprint and timetables for our development
puberty-- sexual
simple sugar that provides the major source of energy for body tissues
Harry Harlow
research on monkeys and their moms. found out that monkeys prefer security and saftey rather than food
humanistic theory
pyramid of human needs esteem needs love needs safety needs physiological needs
pleasure principle
incentive theory
a postive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior
birth to 1 year trust vs mistrust
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned
intimacy vs isolation
concern for others
Jean Piaget
stage approach to cognitive development
late adulthood
integrity vs despair
6- puberty exploring environment and skills
lateral hypothalmus
brings on hunger
measures metabolic rate
same person over time
major causes of weight gain
calorie intake expend too much calories self perpetuation of weight gain genetics modeling parents eating habits
an orderly progression, some events occuring before others (locomotion)
heavy set muscular noisy callous and fond of physical activity
middle adulthood
40s to 60s generativity bs stagnation
assesses a number of psychiatric patterns simultaneously 567 questions on the test
Monkeys seperated from mom
huddled in corner rocked back and forth bit themselves would not interact with others
an important aspect of civilization system of beliefs, values, and undenying judgements about their rightness or wrongness of acts
process of starting, directing, and maintaing pyschological and physical activities
oedipus complex
boys sexual desire towards his mother and hatred toward his father
0-18 months mouth region
an individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting
3-6 years sexual love towards opposite sex parent
postconventional morality
those who develop the abstract reasoning of formal operational thought may reach a third level of morality, affirming peoples agreed upon rights or following self-defined basic ethical principles
preconventional morality
before age 9 most childrens morality focuses on self interest they obey rules to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards
Preoperational Stage
ages 2-7 cannot take the viewpoint of others cannot take into account more than one perceptual factor at a time ex: water contents height and volume
3-5 years initiative vs guilt
psychosexual stages
oral anal phalic latency genital
pyschological changes
crisis to deal with critical confrontation
Rorschach Test
inkblots, location and context
Sensorimotor Stage
birth to age 2 sensory impressions and motor reactions no past nor future no distinction between fleeting objects and stable objects ex: the paper infront of the toy the baby doesnt know its still there
sexual response cycle
excitement plateau orgasm resolution
stats on sex
18-24 year olds 80% have had sex 6 or more partners 26% 50% said touching genitals is not sex
provides standards for judgement
you look at a picture and project what your thinking onto the picture
1 to 2 years shame and doubt
characteristic patterns of behavior and coscious motives, thousands of words describe these
treating obesity
self control excercise proper diet social support
disticnt pattern of personality characteristics
type a
aggressive when frustrated, impatient,controlling
useful reflexes of newborns
rooting reflex for finger that touches cheek grasping reflex stepping reflex sucking reflex
ventromedial hypothalmus
supresses hunger
young adulthood
20s to 40s intimacy vs isolation

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