This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

ISS 315 Final


undefined, object
copy deck
Lewis Binford
Proposed that culture should be divided into three spheres, founder of processual archaeology, and argued for the development of systematic approaches to understanding the archaeological record
Julian Steward
Proposed that technology was the core element of the adaptation in the study of cultural ecology
Alfred Kidder
Used seriation and the direct historic method to develop a chronology for the American southwest, also used pottery and house forms as the primary diagnostics traits in the use of DNA
Walter Tayler
Criticized archaeology in 1948 as focusing more on the study of material objects rather than the cultures that produced them, wrote the book \"A Study of Archaeology\", and began the development of approaches that focus on how cultures change/evolve
Franz Boaz
Formally brought the notions and principles of science into anthropology, Father of modern anthropology, emphasized historical empiricism/particularism
Cultural Ecology
Defined culture as \"a society\'s adaptation to and transformation of its environment\",
Historical Empiricism
Emphasizes the complete collection of data before speculating on the nature of social evolution, and focus on the development of individuals culture histories
Contextual Archaeology
Was interested in identifying the cognitive aspects of human behavior, and tries to identify the smallest-scale behaviors including those of individuals, families,etc.
Applied Archaeology
Motivated by a desire to make archaeology more relevant to people outside of the discipline, archaeology some in service of contemporary communities, and can be politically motivated
Processual Archaeology
Viewed culture as a system of interrelated parts
Aerial Photography
Can be done from directly overhead or at an oblique angle
Ground Penetrating Radar
Based on the measurements of electromagnetic differences in the ground
Measure the flow of electrical current from one point to another in the ground
False Color Radar
Identifies the heat differences on the land surface to reveal archaeological features
Discerns minor variations in the magnetism present in the materials found in the ground
James Ussher
Dated the creation of the world to 4004 BC, was an archbishop of Ireland and used the bible to get this date
John Freres
Was one of the first people to find fossils of a completely unknown species animals with stone tools, these findings were found 12 feet underground and were completely discredited at the time
Jacques Boucher de Perthes
Was an antiquarian who garnered the support of two members of the Royal Society of Antiquarians in validating his finds of ancient stone tools with extinct animals
Presented the key paper to the Royal Society of Antiquarians using archaeological findings that directly challenged the validity of Biblical History
His early fossil and stone tool finds were attributed to Hannibal\'s wars with Rome (elephant bones)
Charles Lyell
Introduced the concept of stratigraphy, which became a central concept in archaeological excavation, wrote \"Principles of Geology\" and introduced uniformitarianism
Jens Worsaae
Excavated mounds in Europe to demonstrate that the Three Age System was accurate, succeeded Thomsen at the Danish Museum in the 1860\'s, and used the principles from Lyell as tools
John Wesley Powell
Head of the Smithsonian who believed that the mounds were Native American in origin
Cyrus Thomas
Spent 10 years studying mounds and concluded that they were, in fact, produced by Native Americans, supported the \"lost civilization theory\", and he wrote his findings in 1894
Christian Thomsen
Proposed a system based that showed the chronological stages of human development, was part of the Danish National Museum of Antiquities, and he based his ideas on observations of technological sophistication of material objects

Deck Info