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Stuart Hall 6th Grade History Chap 24


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Ernest Hemingway
One of the most popular writers of the 1920's who wrote "A Farewell to Arms"
Scopes Trial
John Scopes was a young biology teacher in Dayton, Tennessee who taught his students Darwin's theory of evolution. His court trial made history.
Henry Ford
President of Ford Motor Company who introduced the assembly line in his factory to make the Model T more affordable.
Helen Wills
Famous tennis player in the 1920's.
Black musicians created this kind of music from combined African rhythms and European harmonies, ragtime and blues.
Alfred E. Smith
Former governor of New York who ran for President against Herbert Hoover. He was against Prohibition.
Charles Lindbergh
Flew the airplane "The Spirit of St. Louis" for 33 1/2 hours across the Atlantic to Paris alone. He became a hero.
Bull Market
A rising stock market
Sinclair Lewis
Famous 1920's author who wrote Babbitt and Main Street - presented small town Americans as dull and narrow-minded.
Langston Hughes
A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" and "My People"
Darwin's Theory
Theory that says that all life evolved from simpler forms - the theory of evolution.
People who illegally smuggled in alcohol from Canada & the Caribbean.
Rudolph Valentino
The most popular movie actor of the 1920's
Teapot Dome Scandal
Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall, one of the Ohio Gang, accped bribes from oil companies and was sent to prison.
William Jennings Bryan
Famous lawyer who argued against the teaching of evolution in the Scopes trial.
V.I. Lenin
Leader of Russia who created the world's first Communist state, the Soviet Union.
A style or activity that is popular for a short time.
Became popular in the 1920's. The first radio station began broadcasting in Pittsburgh in 1920. By 1929, more than 10 million families owned radios.
Charles Forbes
Part of the Ohio Gang who stole millions of dollars from the Veterans Bureau.
Reducing a nation's armed forces and weapons of war
Marcus Garvey
A popular Black leader who organized the Universal Negro Improvement Association. He started the Back to Africa movement.
A ban on making & selling alcohol anywhere in the United States.
Charles Darwin
He claimed that all life had evolved from simpler forms - the theory of evolution. Some churches said his teachings were against the Bible, so several states passed laws against teaching evolution.
Violent organized crime members who took over the job of supplying alcohol to speakeasies.
Albert Fall
The Secretary of the Interior who accepted bribes from an oil company and started the Teapot Dome Scandal.
Countee Cullen
Black writer who wrote about the experiences of African Americans. He graduated from Harvard and New York University and won prizes for his poetry.
Ripple Effect
Car sales spurred growth in other parts of the economy, including jobs, roads & highways, gas stations, hotels & restaurants.
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Treaty signed by the US and 61 other nations outlawing war. It didn't have any method for keeping the peace, so it had a fatal flaw.
Thomas Edison
He and George Eastman invented the first moving picture cameras in the late 1800's.
George Eastman
Invented the movie camera in the late 1800's with Thomas Edison.
Clarence Darrow
Famous lawyer who argued on behalf of John Scopes during the Scopes trial. He believed in evolution.
Frank Kellogg
Secretary of State who proclaimed peace in the Kellogg-Briand pact.
Zora Neale Hurston
Black writer who wanted to save African American folklore. She traveled all across the South collecting folk tales, songs & prayers of Black southerners. Her book was called Mules and Men.
Harlem Renaissance
A rebirth of African American culture. White Americans took notice of the achievements of Black artists.
People opposed to organized government.
League of Women Voters
An organization set up to educate women about politics and voting.
The Ohio Gang
Friends of Warren Harding that he brought in from Ohio to help him in his presidency.
Carrie Chapman Catt
Head of the National Woman Suffrage Association who set up the League of Women Voters to educate voters.
Ku Klux Klan
White supremacist group who wanted to keep America white. They hated Blacks, Catholics and Jews, and all other immigrants.
Bobby Jones
Won almost every golf championship in the 1920's
Movies with a sound track instead of silent action.
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
A proposed amendment for women's rights that stated that "equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by any State on account of sex." It never passed.
Alice Paul
A leading suffragist who worked tirelessly for passage of the ERA until her death in 1977. It never passed.
On Margin
Buying stock for a small down payment. This only worked as long as stocks kept rising.
Babe Ruth
The greatest baseball player of the 1920's. He set a record for hitting 60 home runs in one season.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Young writer who best captured the mood of the Roaring Twenties in this book "The Great Gatsby"
In the 1920's millions of Americans went to the movies at least once a week.
Young women who rebelled agains traditional ways of thinking and acting in the 1920's. They wore their hair & dresses short, smoked and drank.
Quota System
Only a certain number of people from each country were allowed to enter the US because the government was afraid that anarchists & Communists would take over the country.
Edna St. Vincnt Millay
An enormously popular poet who expressed the frantic pace of the 1920's in her poetry.
Red Scare
Thousands of radicals were arrested and jailed by the government because they were feared to be Communists with a plot against the country.
Illegal bars that were found in nearly every city and town after Prohibition.
Sacco & Vanzetti Trial
The trial of two Italian immigrants who were arrested for robbery and murder. They admitted they were anarchists, but said they were innocent of the crimes.
Louis Armstrong
A brilliant trumpet player who helped to create jazz.
Calvin Coolidge
Vice President who became President when Warren Harding died.

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