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Chapter 24 Sections 4 & 5


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Young women who rebelled agains traditional ways of thinking and acting in the 1920's. They wore their hair & dresses short, smoked and drank.
Sacco & Vanzetti Trial
The trial of two Italian immigrants who were arrested for robbery and murder. They admitted they were anarchists, but said they were innocent of the crimes.
Louis Armstrong
A brilliant trumpet player who helped to create jazz.
Red Scare
Thousands of radicals were arrested and jailed by the government because they were feared to be Communists with a plot against the country.
People opposed to organized government.
Ku Klux Klan
White supremacist group who wanted to keep America white. They hated Blacks, Catholics and Jews, and all other immigrants.
Black musicians created this kind of music from combined African rhythms and European harmonies, ragtime and blues.
Langston Hughes
A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" and "My People"
Quota System
Only a certain number of people from each country were allowed to enter the US because the government was afraid that anarchists & Communists would take over the country.
Bobby Jones
Won almost every golf championship in the 1920's
Helen Wills
Famous tennis player in the 1920's.
Clarence Darrow
Famous lawyer who argued on behalf of John Scopes during the Scopes trial. He believed in evolution.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Young writer who best captured the mood of the Roaring Twenties in this book "The Great Gatsby"
Ernest Hemingway
One of the most popular writers of the 1920's who wrote "A Farewell to Arms"
Albert Fall
The Secretary of the Interior who accepted bribes from an oil company and started the Teapot Dome Scandal.
Movies with a sound track instead of silent action.
Sinclair Lewis
Famous 1920's author who wrote Babbitt and Main Street - presented small town Americans as dull and narrow-minded.
Countee Cullen
Black writer who wrote about the experiences of African Americans. He graduated from Harvard and New York University and won prizes for his poetry.
Scopes Trial
John Scopes was a young biology teacher in Dayton, Tennessee who taught his students Darwin's theory of evolution. His court trial made history.
Charles Darwin
He claimed that all life had evolved from simpler forms - the theory of evolution. Some churches said his teachings were against the Bible, so several states passed laws against teaching evolution.
Darwin's Theory
Theory that says that all life evolved from simpler forms - the theory of evolution.
Became popular in the 1920's. The first radio station began broadcasting in Pittsburgh in 1920. By 1929, more than 10 million families owned radios.
Marcus Garvey
A popular Black leader who organized the Universal Negro Improvement Association. He started the Back to Africa movement.
Babe Ruth
The greatest baseball player of the 1920's. He set a record for hitting 60 home runs in one season.
Rudolph Valentino
The most popular movie actor of the 1920's
Edna St. Vincent Millay
An enormously popular poet who expressed the frantic pace of the 1920's in her poetry.
Alfred E. Smith
Former governor of New York who ran for President against Herbert Hoover. He was against Prohibition.
A style or activity that is popular for a short time.
Zora Neale Hurston
Black writer who wanted to save African American folklore. She traveled all across the South collecting folk tales, songs & prayers of Black southerners. Her book was called Mules and Men.
Charles Lindbergh
Flew the airplane "The Spirit of St. Louis" for 33 1/2 hours across the Atlantic to Paris alone. He became a hero.
George Eastman
Invented the movie camera in the late 1800's with Thomas Edison.
Harlem Renaissance
A rebirth of African American culture. White Americans took notice of the achievements of Black artists.
William Jennings Bryan
Famous lawyer who argued against the teaching of evolution in the Scopes trial.

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