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Popham 8 Civil Rights Test: People


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A. Philip Randolph
Head of the Brotherhood of sleeping car porters, one of the first Black labor unions. First organized a march in 1941 trying to get jobs and freedom. The idea embarrassed the Government and as a result the government ordered employers not to discriminate, and black workers doubled.
The "Little Rock Nine"
9 students who volunteered to be the first to integrate Central High in Little Rock, Arkansas. They faced racial oppression, but they were able to be students at that school
Branch Rickey
The manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers. He recruited Jackie Robinson because he knew race had no place in baseball
John F. Kennedy
President Kennedy fought for civiil rights. He proposed The Civil Rights Act of 1964, the law that would end segregation.
W.E.B Du Bois
A civil rights activist who took the activist approach. Suggested all Blacks should recieve a higher education, and that would really help them. Also thought that the "talented tenth" of Black society should bring up those who trail behind. Founder of the NAACP
Lyndon B. Johnson
The President after Kennedy's assassination, passed both the Civil Rights Act, and the Voting Rights Act, to grant necessary freedoms to Black Americans
Thurgood Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court whose decision on Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka stated that separate but equal is inherently unequal by its very nature
Orval Faubus
The Governor who opposed the integration of Central High, Sent the Little Rock National Guard to keep them out. Then gave them no protection at all.
Martin Luther King Jr.
The preacher who took a leadership role in the Movement. Went around the South helping others in their fight for civil rights in events such as The Montgomery Bus Boycott, The Freedom Rides, Sit Ins and others.
Rosa Parks
The woman who started the Montgomery bus boycott. All together Black people stopped riding buses, and forced the buses to integrate
Mahatma Gandhi
A lawyer in India who used nonviolence to end British rule in India. He was one of the many philosophers who influenced Martin Luther King Jr.
Kenneth Clark
The psychologist who conducted the doll study, showing how the feeling of inferiority was ingrained in the young black minds of the South. The study was evidence in Brown v. Board of Ed.
Booker T. Washington
A civil rights activist who suggested a gradualist approach to gaining rights. He suggested that Blacks get a basic education and then bring themselves out of poverty by achieving economic independence.
Jackie Robinson
The first black baseball player to play in the major leagues. He played for the Brooklyn Dodgers and broke the color barrier in baseball and made way for other changes for equality.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
President of the United States during the situation at Central, Suggested Governor Faubus change his orders to the National Guard, he did not and the President was forced to send in the 101st airborne division

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