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History Exam Review 2

history exam objectives 26-50

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The French & Indian War
(1754-1763) Fought between England and France for control of the resources located in the Ohio Valley. Redcoats led by General James Wolfe; French by Marquis de Montcalm. Both Generals died on the Plains of Abraham. Quebec and Montreal falls to the English
Sugar Act
(1764) British deeply in debt partl to French & Indian War. English Parliament placed a tariff on sugar, coffee, wines, and molasses. colonists avoided the tax by smuggling and by bribing tax collectors.
John Dickinson
Pennsylvania lawyer and leading moderate Patriot. He wanted to petitioin the English King George III.
Stamp Act
(1765) set a stiff direct tax on virtually every kind of printed matter. ie newspapers, legal documents, wills, marriage licenses, diplomas, almanac, playing cards, dice, etc.
Writs of Assistance
General search warrants in Mass. to search for smuggled goods
Sons of Liberty
staged protests against British policies from Boston to Charleston. Staged mock hangings of straw effigies dressed like British officials. Tried to bully the government tax collectors.
Tea Act
(1773) The act let the British East India Company bypass the colonial tea merchants and sell directly to the colonists. Although colonists would have to pay the tea tax, they would not have to pay the higher price charged by the merchants. Colonial tea merchants were angry because they had been cut out of the tea trade.
Committee of Correspondences
Samuel Adams started a letter writing campaign and pamphlets. Before long, committees of correspondences became a major tool of protest in every colony informing other colonist what had occurred in Boston.
"No Taxation Without Representation"
Riots in Boston, New York City, Newport, and Charleston, protesting the Stamp Tax Act.
Proclamation of 1763
Colonists were forbidden to settle west of the Appalachian mountains. All settlers already west of the line were "to remove themselves" at once. British sent 10,000 red coats to enforce the law. Colonists were angered.
Treaty of Paris
( 1763) England gained a strong foothold west of the Appalachian montains. Provisions of: England gained all of Canada and lands eat of the Miss. R. Gained Florida from spain. France was allowed to keep two islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. also Guadaloupe and Martinique in the West Indies. Spain received all French land west of the Mississippi. In addition, Spain gained New Orleans.
The Boston Massacre
(March 5, 1770) Colonists gathered outside the Boston customs house. Colonists and redcaots taunted each other and insulted each other. Snowballs, rocks, and oyster shells were thrown by the Boston mob. British shots were fired killing five colonists. Stirred up anti-British feelings.
Quatering Act
(1765) Colonists had to provide food and lodging for English soldiers stationed in Mass.
Townshend Acts
(1767) A tax passed by the British on glass, paper, paint, lead and tea. British tax officials were sent to the colonies with orders to stop smuggling and bribery. Tax collectors were granted writs of assistance to inspect a ship's cargo or warehouse without giving a reason.
non importation agreements
Colonists agreed to stick together and promised to stpo importing goods taxed by the Townshend Acts. They hoped that the boycott would repeal the Townshend Acts.
Gaspee Burning
(1772) A blaze that was a great beacon calling to arms against the British, event referred to as "the Lexington of the Sea." Led by Rhode Islanders
James Wolfe & De Montcalm
led the British and French troops in the battle of Quebec, on the Plains of Abraham both generals were killed
"Stamp Act Congress"
(1765) nine colonies drew up a petition to George III and to Parliament requesting the repeal of the Stamp tax. Parliament refused. The colonists boycotted British goods resulting in the repeal of the act in 1766.
Declaratory Act
(1766) England can make any law it wishes for the colonies
Boston Tea Party
(1763) about 150 men from many layeres of Boston's economy, masters, and apprentices side by side, blackened their faces with burnt cork, dressed as Indians boarded the three British ships in the Boston Harbor and dumped the tea into the bay. England responded with the passage of the Coercion Act.

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