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The ABC's of Alcohol, Chapter 2


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What are the four basic categories of distilled spirits?
Whisky/Whiskey, U.S. Whiskey, Other Spirits, Liquers
Which countries label their product 'whisky'?
Scotland & Canada.
What is the difference between straight & blended whisky/whiskey?
Straight whisky/whiskey contains at least 51 percent of one type of grain. Blended whisky/whiskey is made from different grains or from several batches of straight whiskies or neutral spirits.
Which whisky has a smoky flavour?
Scotch whisky.
Name two examples (labels) of single malt Scotch whisky & two examples of blended Scotch whisky.
Single malt Scotch whisky: Glendfiddich & Maccallan. Blended Scotch whisky: Johnny Walker Red & Johnny Walker Black.
Name four examples (labels) of Canadian whisky.
Black Velvet, Canadian Club, Canadian Mist, & Crown Royal.
Name two examples (labels) of blended Irish whiskey.
Bushmills & Jameson.
Name eight examples (labels) of bourbon.
Old Crow, Maker's Mark, Old Granddad, Early Times, Booker's, Jim Beam, Wild Turkey, & Jack Daniels.
Name one example (label) of blended U.S. whiskey.
What are the main characteristics of vodka?
No taste, odour, or colour.
Name seven examples (labels) of vodka.
Stoli, Absolut, Kettle One, Smirnoff, Sky, Absolut Citron, & Absolut Kurrant.
What does the flavour of gin come from?
Juniper berries.
Name four examples (labels) of gin.
Tanquaray, Bombay Dry, Bombay Sapphire, Beefeaters.
Name five examples (labels) of rum.
Bacardi Light, Bacardi 151, Bacardi Gold, Captain Morgan, & Myers.
What is tequila distilled from?
The blue agave plant.
Name four examples (labels) of tequila.
Cuervo Gold, Cuervo 1800, Patron Gold, Sauza.
What kind of fruit must be used in order for the term 'brandy' to stand alone on the bottle label?
If other fruits are used to make brandy, what does the bottle label say?
The name of the fruit with the term brandy.
What is the difference between cognac & brandy?
Cognac is a type of brandy.
Give one example (label) of cognac & two of brandy.
Cognac: Grande Champagne. Brandy: Armagnac & E&J.
What do VSOP & XO stand for?
VSOP: the cognac is aged an average of 12-20 years. XO: the cognac is aged for 20, 30, 40 or more years.
Define 'liqueur.'
A distilled spirit flavoured with natural ingredients & sweetened with from 2 1/2 to 35 percent by weight of sugar.
What are the flavours of Amaretto, Frangelico, Kahlua, Goldschlagger, & Ouzo?
Amaretto: Almond. Frangelico: Hazelnut. Kahlua: Coffee. Goldschlagger: Cinnamon. Ouzo: Anise, Licorice.
What is beer?
A fermented alcoholic beverage.
What are the four ingredients used in making beer?
Malt, water, hops, & yeast.
What are the two categories of beer? Name three types under each category.
Lagers & Ales. Lager: Bock, Dark Lager, & Light Lager. Ale: Light Ale, Brown Ale, & Porter.
What is the ideal temperature to store beer?
36-38 degrees.
What is the ideal temperature to serve lager?
40 degrees.
What is the ideal temperature to serve ale?
45 degrees.
What is wine?
An alcoholic beverage made from the fermented juice of grapes.
What are the four general categories of wine available on the market?
Red, white, fortified, & sparkling.
At what temperature should red wine be served?
Room temperature.
Give three examples each of the common varieties of red & white wine.
Red: Zinfadel, Pinot Noir, Merlot. White: Chardonnay, Fume Blanc, Reisling.
Why are wine bottles stored on their sides?
So the cork stays moist & tight.
What is the difference between Brut & Doux champagne?
Brut is dry, Doux is sweet.
Why can't all sparkling wines be called champagne?
Because champagne is a sparkling wine produced in the Champagne region of France.
What is the trend today concerning food & wine combinations?
To order whatever suits the individual palate.

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