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Where family farms are integrated into a large food production industry.
Deliberate modification of Earth's surface through cultivation of plants and rearing of animals to obtain sustenance or economic gain.
Cereal Grain
A crop such as oats, wheat, rye, or barley.
The "husks" of rice.
A machine that reap, threshes, and and cleans the wheat all in one operation instead of three.
Commercial Agriculture
Found mostly in MDC's, the production of food primarily for sale off the farm.
Any plant cultivated by humans.
Crop Rotation
The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year to avoid exhausting the soil.
The process that occurs from humans using up all the water in semiarid areas.
Double Cropping
A process that produces 2 harvests on one field in one year. Practiced a lot in Asia.
The seed from various grasses, like wheat, corn, oats, barley, rice, millet and others.
Green Revolution
The invention and rapid diffusion  of more productive agricultural techniques during the 1970's and 1980's.
The growing of fruits, vegetables, flowers, and tree crops.
The outer covering of rice.
Intensive Subsistence Agriculture
The term that is used to describe the intensity that farmers in high density areas have to work to grow crops.
The ring surrounding a city from which milk can be supplied without spoiling.
The Malay word for wet rice that Europeans and North Americans use even though it is incorrect.
Pastoral Nomadism
A form of subsistence agriculture based on the herding of domesticated animals.
Grass or plants grown for feeding grazing animals,as well as land used for grazing.
A large farm that specializes in one or two crops.
Prime Agricultural Land
The most productive farmland.
The commercial grazing of livestock over an extensive area.

A machine that cuts grain standing in the field.

(Permitted large scale wheat production.) 

Ridge Tillage
A system of planting crops on ridge tops.

The word for the flooded rice field in the Austronesian  language.

(Spoken widely in Indonesia, including Java.)

Seed Agriculture
The reproduction of plants through annual planting of seeds that result from sexual fertilization.
Shifting Cultivation
The smaller scale of farming in village LDC's, known by slash and burn as well as growing crops on a piece of land until the nutrients are gone then leave it to recover.
Slash and Burn Agriculture
Where farmers slash vegetation and burn the debris.
Spring Wheat
Wheat that is planted in the spring of places with winters too cold and severe to have winter wheat.
Subsistence Agriculture
Usually found in LDC's. The production of food for the farmer's family to eat.

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