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Art Final Exam Study Guide


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Tristan Tzara
Artist from Romania, into poetry and philosophy, Avant-garde, which mean experimental, (using poetry all by chance), chance words on the website, also did some dreamlike work (clocks melting, etc...)
Dry on Dry
Using a dry brush on dry paper to create dark and textural watercolor effects.
Wash Method
Using wet brush and wet paper to create a soft background, also used for filling in large areas of the canvas.
Francis Picabia: Alarm Clock
There are gears and machinery (especially modern), modern, abstract, combining letters in a way that makes in typography/font, form of typography, (from a Dada journal)
Romare Bearden: The Block
Direct influence on his work was his community, part of this is showing African roots: cultural retention, retain means to keep, so they are keeping the traditions alive, and that is very important for African-American who are migrating, this changed the cultural landscape by diversity through towns and different points of view, change in the economy
Marcel Duchamp: The Fountain
it is a toilet bowl (urinal), was breaking down the hierarchy of high art and low art, conventional people didn't like this change, this is not conventional art, avant-garde modern art, coming out of the Dada art movement, was put in a museum with all of this high art (art that was deemed suitable by a wealthy part of the society that didn't like change), called this low art or not even art at all
Placements or arrangement of elements or ingredients in an artwork.
Otto Dix: The Journalist Sylvia von Harden
The perspective is off, the composition of the portrait, hands and face are projects because it resembles the artist, talk about the palette (reds and pinks: violence or anger). It came out of World War 1.
Zurich, Switzerland
Was where Dada was founded, was happening in the 20th century
Harlem Renaissance
An African American cultural movement of the 1920s and early 1930s that was centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City.
Pepin Osorio
Who created Home Visit?
An art form that uses pasted papers, fabric and other two-dimensional materials, breaking down the barrier between art and everyday.
What a work of art is about; its subject matter.
Hannah Hoch: The Beautiful Girl
Mostly photographs, took images from everyday and put them into her photomontages, taking everyday objects (BMW, ladies, light bulb, wheel) and put them into her art, bridging those everyday materials and making them into art, breaking down barriers between high and low art
An historical period and attitude from the early to mid-twentieth century characterized by experimentation, abstraction, a desire to provoke, and a belief in progress.
A written statement the Dada artists used to declare publicly the intentions, motives, or views of their organization.
Marcel Duchamp
French, has been in the arts forever, his family was supportive of the arts, was also a mathematician in the high mathematics, and he uses that in his art, famous for L.H.O.O.Q., involved in the war (against the war), breaking down the hierarchy of high and low art, messed around with art, appropriation
This was when Dada was founded, continued on through the 20th century (19 hundreds)
Francis Picabia
French, was very interested of machinery and modern idea of machinery, he was very into abstraction (not real- kindergarten work)
Andrew Wyeth: Christina's World
Talk about the colors, the narrative, the story, the juxtaposition, the gesture, the line from the girl to the house. Very famous for portraits and landscapes.
Hannah Hoch
German, into photomontage (a collage with just photographs), a collage with words in it is not a photomontage, primarily photographs
Jacob Lawrence: Migration of the Negros 1
They are all migrating, located in the North, migrating from the South to the North, during the World War there was a great migration of Negros, aftermath of slaver: migration, lots of racism, a chance to escape
The Great Migration
The migration of thousands of African-Americans from the South to the North. African Americans were looking to escape the problems of racism in the South and felt they could seek out better jobs and an overall better life in the North.
Langston Hughes
Was heavily influencing these artists (Poet)
A movement created by Hugo Ball meaning hobby-horse, or "nothing".
Cultural Retention
The act of retaining the culture of a specific ethnic group of people, especially when there is reason to believe that the culture, through inaction, may be lost.
Wet on Dry
Using a wet brush on dry paper to create light and soft watercolor effects.
Jacob Lawrence: Migration of the Negros 3
Looks like they are migrating with the birds, represents any family migrating to the North, represents the masses
Otto Dix
German, realism artist Dada artist 1910, art School philosophy and psychology, post-war(WW1)
A work of art that is pleasing in appearance. Appreciative of, responsive to, or zealous about the beautiful; also : responsive to or appreciative of what is pleasurable to the senses.
Contemporary Art
Art that is produced in the present time, NOT the same as modern art.
Tristan Tzara: Salon Dada
He used obviously used typography and font in this work, things are jumbled together with letters and words because he was a poet, he played with words (he used typography in his work!)
The study or art of letters that mixes fonts, employing unorthodox punctuation, printing both horizontally and vertically, and sprinkling texts with randomly chosen printers' symbols.
An art form that uses pasted papers, fabric and other two-dimensional materials, breaking down the barrier between art and everyday.
The act of borrowing imagery or forms to create something new.
Romare Bearden: Quilting Time
A depiction of community and cultural retention of the African-American community, this piece represents keeping the culture tradition alive, and highlighting things that are very traditional and important
High/Low Art
A conventional term referring to traditional views of art. One means it is worthy of having the title of art, while the other is unworthy of being displayed in art galleries or museums.
Jazz Age
Was heavily influencing these artists (Musical Age)
Hugo Ball
German man married into the theater, he was in philosophy (into Dada's philosophical planning), one of the founders of the first Dada Group in Caberet (Café) Voltaire, don't need to know about any of his work, he was in lots of people's artwork and he was more of a creator.
The varied circumstances in which a work of art is (or was) produced and interpreted; also the environment in which you view the art work and the knowledge or experience you bring to the art work. {It can change based on how you view the art work and what you know/do not know about it}.
Jacob Lawrence: Brownstones
This is a depiction of Harlem, his neighborhood, this was his community which was a direct inspiration for his work, all of these paintings are telling a narrative, or a story about people who are similar to his culture and background as well as his neighborhood
Marcel Duchamp: LHOOQ
might try to trick you by calling it the Mona Lisa, appropriation, this was appropriated by the painting by Da Vinci, using other work and calling it your own

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