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art test 1

art appreciation test 1


undefined, object
copy deck
the visual expression of anidea or experience formed with skill through use of a medium
the materials used by an artist to create a work of art; also the accompanying technique
include paining, drawing, sculpture, film, photography, architecture
visual arts
include dance, muic and theatre
performing arts
to see or be aware and respond -- Erich Fromm (not only the creator, but the viewer as well
things are depicted as they "are," as the eye sees them
simplifies, distors, exaggerate or changes reality
no visual reference at all- no symbolism of any recognizable thing
the two major components all or any art work has
form and content
the visual qualities of a work of art (materials, color, shape, lin, design)
the message, meaning, and or motivation - conscious or unconscious - of a work of art
basic building blocks of visual form sid to be present in a work of rt. the elements consist of: line, shape, mass, space, time and motion, light and color, and texture
visual elements
an ______ is created by the artist dragging a tool using medium.
actual line
a ______ is created by the eye when it sees an edge where two shapes or colors meet
implied line
a _____ is an area encosed by a line
shape has several properties: shapes can be ________ and _______.
geometrical and organic
_______ include those that we would perceive to be regular or uniform (circle, triangle, square)
geometric shapes
_______ are often found in abstract art while _______ forms are often found in representational art.
geometric shapes; organic forms
______ are the subject of the work while ______ make up the background
positive shapes; negative shapes
______ is the volume or weight of a work of art.
mass in three dimensions is called
real mass
mass in two dimensions is called
implied mass
mass in three-dimensional art like sculpture can be classified as ______ or _______.
closed form; open form
mass spread out over a larger area is
open form
mass that is concentrated is
closed form
______ is a word that describes the relationship between light and dark to create the illusion of mass in two dimensions
_______ means "light/dark"
three major and basic ways that an artist can imitate spatial depth are:
overlap, diminishing size and verticle placement
______ can be expressed by depicting multiple images within one picture plane
time and motion
without _____, there is no color
color has three properties:
hue, value and intensity
____ is the name of the pure color
the ______ is the relative lightness or darkness of the hue
_____ is the degree of purity or brightness/dullness of a color
the color wheel divides colors into three groups:
primary hues, secondary hues and intermediate hues.
________ hues are red, yellow and blue. (these cannot be produced by mixing any other colors)
_______ hues are orange, green, and violet. (these are produced by mixing two primary hues)
a _______ is a multitude of colors used in a work of art.
color scheme
a _________is one that uses colors that appear on opposite sides of the color wheel
complementary color scheme
________ use one color with black and white to create shades and tints
monochromatic color schemes
we can refer to _____ or the _____ texture of a work of art.
actual; implied
appearance or condition of oneness, harmonizing and belonging together.
povides diversity to counteract sameness of unity
the achievemet of equilibrium through the placement of oppositional forces in a composition
achieving balance by matching left and right sides of a composition
symmetrical balance
achieved through the placement of elements of varying weights - by color, darkness, size, directional line
asymmetrical balance
drawing attention to an area by use of position, contrast, color,intensity and size
deflecting attention away from an area by similar means
paths the eye follows, provided by implied lines. They provide the underlying energy and basic structure of a composition
directional forces
juxtaposition of dissimilar elements for dramatic effect - such as color texture or shape
repeating elements like shapes,lines or colors
the regular recurrence of elements that suggests rhythm or movement as in zapatistas
size relationships of items within a composition to one another
relative size of parts as they relate to a whole (often the human figure)
a place for exhibition, display or performance. (collections, galleries, museums)
art venue
A _________ is what we call it when a company, institution, or private individual owns and displays artwork.
The _____________ serves as a place specifically designed for the public to view artwork. These do not own the artwork that they display.
a ______ is considered a business to promote the artist.
Artwork displayed in a _______ belongs to the _______, or to the individuals or foundations who donate the works. The main purpose is to provide artwork for viewing to the public, and there is rarely any profit and provide art work for viewing, and facilitate education and cultural preservation.
museum; museum
____________ is what happens when we make a determination or value judgment about whether an artwork is good or bad
drawing is a _______ art form
2 dimesional
_____ media include pencil, charcoal, conte crayon and pastel
_____ media include ink
drawing media are often used for ______ and ______, which are methods of modeling, to suggest implied mass or volume
hatching; shading
painting is a ______art form
2 dimensional
paint consists of three parts:
pigment, binder, vehicle
____: is created using a material such as rock or other mineral substance or a plant ground to a powder.
the advantages of ________ include the quick drying time and ease of use
_____ dries very quickly because the binder is egg yolk.
the most popular medium in the western world is
oil paint
because of its plasticty, _____ can be applied to a wide variety of supports and grounds.
_______ rarely darken with age and are very resistant to the elements
_______is a mural method; it covers a wall or ceiling. pigment is suspended in water and applied to freshly-laid wet lime plaster
_____ is a 2-dimensional art form which an artist makes multiple copies of a design from a plate. (15th century)
there are four basic methods of printmaking. They are:
relief, intaglio, planographic and stencil
______ literally means "light writing"
________ literally means dark room
camera obscura

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