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Art and Ideas--Final terms

Terms

undefined, object
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Op art
1960-present
Feminism/Voice of the Other
1974-present
Silk screen
a printmaking process in which stencils are applied to a screen of silk or similar material stretched on a frame. Paint or ink is forced through the open areas of the stencil onto paper beneath.
Soak-stain/staining
Frankenthaler introduced the technique of painting directly on to an unprepared canvas so that the material absorbs the colors. She heavily diluted the oil paint with turpentine or kerosene so that the color would soak into the canvas.
Conceptualism
1970-present
Color field
Abstract style that emerged in the 1950s after Abstract Expressionism and is largely characterized by abstract canvases painted primarily with large areas of solid color. 2. Painting that uses visual elements and principles of design to suggest that areas of color stretch beyond the canvas to infinity; figure and ground are given equal emphasis.
Superrealism
Artists here use photographs and body casts to attain an excruciating degree of realistic detail, resulting in "the characteristically cool, impersonal appearance, the preoccupation with common or industrial subject matter", but also, as a result, the works paradoxically have an unreal quality. 2. emphasized producing artworks based on scrupulous fidelity to optical fact. (aka photorealists)
Figurative
1940-present
Zips
What Abstract Expressionist artist Barnett Newman called each of the vertical lines in his work. Many of his later works featured a zip.
All-over painting
A non-formal style of American painting in which no differentiation is made between areas of the painted surface of a canvas; as exemplified by the color field painters or the 'drip paintings' of American artist Pollock.
Pop art
1955-1970
Cibachrome print
a dye destruction positive-to-positive photographic process used for the reproduction of slides on photographic plastic based paper. Characteristics include image clarity, color purity, more environmentally safe, as well as being an archival process able to produce critical accuracy to the original slide.
Silver gelatin print
Black and white photograph. Whether bromide or chlorobromide, fibre base or resin coated, they all contain a silver image in a gelatine emulsion.
Neo-expresionism
1980-present
Minimalism
1960-present
Action painting
emphasis on the creation process, the artist's gesture in making art.
Encaustic
A method of painting in which the colors in a wax medium are burned into a surface with hot irons--see Jasper Johns artworks.
Abstract expressionism
1945-1960
Earth art
1970-present
Combine painting
A type of painting in which the artist attaches photographs or other objects to a painted surface.
Performance art
1970-present
Benday dots
Similar to Pointillism; depending on the effect, color and optical illusion needed, small colored dots are closely-spaced, widely-spaced or overlapping.
Second generation abstract expressionism
1960-1980
Femmage
A type of collage that includes textile art, traditionally produced by women.

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