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Elements of Art/Principles of Design

Terms

undefined, object
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balance
The arrangement of the parts of an artwork to give an overall sense of equality in visual weight. Formal - an imaginary line of symmetry. Informal - an asymmetrical layout is used. Radial - the pattern "radiates" from the centre point.
shape
An area enclosed by line, or seen as an area because of color or value changes. 2-dimensional. They can be geometric or organic.
repetition
A repeated pattern or element used in the painting.
colour
The way light reflects off surfaces. Light must be present.
tone/value
The relative lightness or darkness of a surface. Helps define the form of objects being drawn or painted.
unity
The way colour, shape and value work together in contrast to create the picture as a whole.
line
the path of a moving point, left by a tool.
harmony
Using related colors, repeating lines and shapes and themes.
form
3-dimensional. They occupy space, but can also give the illusion that they occupy the space in the case of 2-dimensional art.
contrast
Using complementary colours, opposite tonal values, different shapes etc.
space
The open or empty area round, above, between, within, or below objects.
composition
How everything is layed out in the painting.
proportion
How one object looks in comparison to another in the same space.
focus
The artist paints to make the viewer look especially at this particular spot - the emphasised point.
rhythm
Shows movement through the artist's repetition of certain Elements Of Art.
movement
Artists know that if certain Elements Of Art are used to create a Rhythm, there will be visual movement. The viewer's eye is drawn from one object to the next as they appear over and over in a piece of work.
texture
Refers to the surface quality in a work of art. It can be the actual surface feel of an area or the simulated or implied appearance of roughness or smoothness.
size/scale
How one object is in largeness to another.

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