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Art 1 Semester Exam Vocabulary


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Types of Lines
(5 kinds) vertical, horizontal, curved, diaganol, zig-zag
Design Elements
The "tools" with which to build a design
2-dimensional area encloses space, has height and width
darkness or lightness of a shape or space
means of maintaining visual equilibrium (radial, symmetrical, asymmetrical)
differences in values, colors, textures, and other elements in a artwork to achieve emphasis and interest
the area in an artwork that attracts attention
blending elements in a pleasing way
combining one or more elements to create interest
arrangement of elements and principles w/ media to create feeling of completeness or wholeness
repeating an elemte to make a work seem active or suggest vibration
relationship of one part to another and to the whole
decorative visual repetiton
path viewer's eye follows throughout work, leads viewer to sense action
analagous scheme
three or more neighbor colors on the color wheel
monochromatic scheme
use of only one color
complementary scheme
opposite each other on wheel, neutralize when mixed
how things feel or how they look they might feel
positive space
shapes or forms of a design
negative space
empty area around the shapes or forms
objects w/ 3-dimensions, final artpiece itself
primary colors
red yellow blue
secondary color
green orange violet
simulated texture
comes from object w/ actual texture
symmetrical balance
identical, mirror images on each side of central axis
asymmetrical balance
visual elemtes are not identical on each side of the central axis
continuous line drawing
one line contour drawing that retraces itself
blind contour
looking only at subject and not at paper
invented texture
appears to have textue, but really doesn;t, made up texture
to exaggerate or strech an object out of its normal shape
Design principles
"rules" to use the tools
line that defines or represents both outside edge of object and edges of planes
organization or arrangement of art elements in pictoral space
radial balance
elements of desiggn come from a central point
Mixed Media
2-dimensional technique, uses more than one medium
placing one object in front of another, partially concealing the object behind
real or implied mass having, height width and depth
real or implied shape having height and width only
style of art that simplifies or distorts the subject matter
creative, non-verbal expression of one's self
use of gesture or construction lines to indicate large shapes and compositional arrangements
Ingredients of art
elements of design
line gesture
describes the interior forms of life
mass gesture
uses a drawing medium to make broad marks to create mass rather than line
material used to create a work of art, media is the plural
technique used to create the allusion of a 3-d space on a 2nd plane
one point perspective
where all parallel lines converge at a single point in the horizon line
two point perspective
where all parallel lines converge at two vanishing points
horizon line
eye level
vanishing point
point on horizon line at which all receding parallel lines converge
linear perspective
technique used to create the allusion of depth on 2-d plane
atmospheric perspective
a means to achieve the allusion of space based on the observation that the value of objects decrease as the objects recede in the distance

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