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Art History 105


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Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius
161-180 AD
Second Century Period
Capitoline Hill
Baths of Caracalla
211-217 AD
Third Century Period
Neptune and Amphritite
hypocaust floor
both barrel and groin vaults
Constantine the Great
(from the Basillica of Constantine)
Constantine the Great is 315 AD
4th century period
Basillica of Constantine
306-313 AD
4th century period
Edict of Milan - 313 AD
Library of Celsus
135 AD
Second Century Period
rotulus is a scroll
one of great libraries
other two were Pergamum and Alexandria
Domus Ecclessiae
"home of the church"
231 AD
Early Christian Period
3 elements: Babtistry, Cathedra, and a place to display the Torah
Dome of heaven in Catacomb of Domatilla
2nd Century AD,
Early Christian Period
"Good Shepherd" always center of dome of heaven style
Fiery Furnace in Catacomb of St. Priscilla
Early Christian Period
2nd century AD
"orant" - they pray
St. Peter's Basilica
333 AD
Early Christian Period
in the Vatican
Santa Costanza with ambulatory
350 AD
Early Christian Period
ambulatory - round walkway instead of aisles
tessera - cube of glass for mosaics; handmade
Good Shepard Mosaic in Mausoleum of Gala Placidia
425-426 AD
Early Christian Period
*important for the evolution of Christ
THE MOSAIC = 1st time Christ has halo
has purple and gold robe
staff is a cross

Four Evangelists =
Matthew - Winged Man
Mark - Winged Lion
Luke - Winged Bull
John - Winged Eagle
The Vatican Virgil
4th-5th century AD
Early Christian Period
earliest surviving illuminated manuscript
which is an illustrated codex
codex = parchment
the story is Virgil's Aeneid
The Good Shepard
Early Christian Period
300 AD
Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes (Vatican Virgil)
504 AD
Byzantine Period
*in the Byzantine Era the skies are made of gold

most figures have stick-like aspects
Church of San Vitale
"Emperer Justinian and His Attendants"
"Emporess Theodora and Attendants"
Byzantine Period
525-547 AD
- females used second floor

- 12 attendants = 12 disciples
Justinian is dressed royallyhas halo and holding bread for mass
Theodora the 3 wise men are on her cloak therefore refering her to the Virgin Mary
Hagia Sophia
Byzantine Period
532-537 AD

hagia Sophia means "holy wisdom"
Architects: Anthemius and Isidorus
a triangular support to hold up a round dome over a square room
dome is made of brick
other Hagia Sophia stuff
ribs are built into the dome to add "skeletal support"
40 ribs=40 days of Lent
Light through windows of the building and dome especially = Light of Christ
buttress - big solid masses that push against the wall adding support
1453 - converted into an Islamic Mosque
4 prayer towers are added to the Hagia Sophia - know as minarets
large golden discs are added to interior - script of Koran are written on them
it is in the modern day city of Istanbul
730 AD
opposed the worship of icons
and so he forbid them and destroyed them
led to the term Iconoclast meaning "image-breaker"
so for 100 years in European history the Iconoclasts ruled
Christ on Pantocrater
1020 AD
in the Monastery of Hosios Loukas - name of building
hosios loukas- greek for Luke
place - The Katholikon

pantocrater - "creator of all"
first time Jesus has a beard
thought that the aged bearded image of Christ is based on Olympian Zeus
possibly the most archeologically correct portrait of Christ
The Basilica of San Marco
Byzantine Period
1150 AD
in modern day Venice
it is laid out in the form of the Greek Cross in which all four arms the same length
interior is completely encrusted with gold
The Pentecost Mosaic in the Basilica of San Marco
1150 AD
Dove of holy spirit is in the center/dove is on the throne
the horses of constantinople

made of hollow cast bronze and then gilded
Carolus Magnus
Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne at Aachen
Carolingian Period
792-805 AD
designed by Odo
Charlemagne felt no guilt by using Old Roman Stone/Columns to build the Chapel
Charlemagne would come to pray 3 times a day
7000 people can fit here
it was his intention to bring education back into the world
Charlemagne could not read
he was also buried here
Chrurch of St. Michael
Ottonian Period
1015 AD
Architect: Bishop Bernward
self-taught sculpter

"Adam and Eve Reproached by the Lord"
story from a pair of bronze cast doors
made by Bernwald
container of a relic
Cathedral of Autun
the tympanum shows the "Last Judgement"
Romanesque Period

archangel michael is holding sword and directing the damned towards hell in the lintel
st peter is holding the keys to heaven in the tympanum
Baptistry of San Giovanni
11th c. AD
"Satan Enthroned"
thought to be based on Charu fron the Etruscan Tomb of Orcus
"The Cathedral of Pisa"
Romanesque Period
1063 AD
Architect: Busketus

pointed arch inside shows Islamic influence
the bell tower is called the "Campanille"

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