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Art History Exam I


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Prehistoric Age (__________)
c. 2 million BC- c 3300 BC
paleolithic age (________)

also known as ___________
c. 40,000 BC - 8000 BC

Old Stone Age
Upper Paleolithic Age (_____)

also known as _____________
c. 30,000- 10,000 bc

Late Stone Age
During what age was it believed to be the beginning of art?
During Upper Paleolithic
the Late Stone Age
c. 30,000 - 10,000 bc
What is the defining factor b/w historic and prehistoric?
A writing system
How do archeologists figure out how old an artifact is?
Dating by Association
- by analyzing the level/strata of a person etc., they can come up w/ what was happening there at that time
What are the 2 types of prehistoric art?
Cave art

Portible art (why size/scale matters)
In what year was the "Women from Willendorf" supposedly created?
c. 22,000 bc
What are the 2 kinds of analysis?
1. Visual/Formal Analysis
2. Contextual Analysis
How would you describe the people that were alive during the Upper Paleolithic Age? Where did they live
- migrated south to follow animals
- no real evidence they lived in caves
- habitation sites found near some cliffs
What was the climate like during the upper paleolithic age?
it was the end of the last of 4 great ice ages
- was starting to warm up
- tundra
Describe prehistoric art
- not utilitarian
- aesthetic
- begins to be symmetrical
Explain the "old theory"
idea that art in the west proceeds on a linear path becoming better and better through time
In what year did we start seeing sophisticated sculptures and paintings?
c. 30,000 bc
Where was the first cave painting found and what were the assumptions regarding it?
- found in Altamira Spain
- it was believed at first to be fake b/c was too sophisticated
In what year was the "Women from Willendorf" believed to have been created?
c. 22,000 bc
- art that has a surface reality b.c the artists appear to have recorded , w/ greater or lesser accuracy, exactly what they saw
the transformation of visible forms into patterns that suggest the origional
when artists represent beauty not as it is but as they think it should be
Where was the "Women from Willendorf" found?
near Willendorf, Austria
What was the woman from willendorf made of?
How big was the women from willendorf?
4 3/8" or 11 cm
Describe the woman from willendorf sculpture
-sculptor exaggerated the figure's female attributes- big saggy breasts and belly w/ a deep navel- wide hips butt and thighs
Could the woman from willendorf be idealized?
well-nourished body portrays good health-
- which could guarantee longevity and ability to produce strong children for survival of the clan
The woman from willendorf could be interpreted as ....
-representation of actual wmn
-fertility symbol
-expression of ideal beauty
-erotic images
-ancestor figure
Would woman from willendorf be described as abstract, naturalistic, idealized...?
-MORE abstract than naturalistic
--greater essence of idea, less detail
-could have been idealized; we have no way of knowing
2% of prehistoric art portrays______________
98% were of __________
2% of prehistoric art portrays human beings
98% were of animals
The Hall of Bulls was created where and in what year?
Lascaux, France

in c. 15,000 bc
When was hall of bulls discovered and when and why was it closed to the public?
discovered in early 1940s
closed in 1960s to protect from heat, humidity, exhaled carbon dioxide etc. caused by all the visitors
During this time, __________ were drawn abstractly and ________ naturalistically
humans were drawn more abstractly and animals more naturalistically
Is hall of bulls more naturalistic or more abstract than the woman from willendorf?
Hall of Bulls is more naturalistic than the wmn from willendorf
before c. 3150 bc
when we think egypt was first divided into 2 parts - upper and lower egypt
Early Dynastic (D 1-2)
c. 3150 - 2700 bc
Old Kingdom (D 3-6)
c. 2700 - 2190 bc
Middle Kingdom (D 11-12)
c. 2040-1674 bc
New Kingdom (D18-29)
c. 1552-1069 bc
The Egyptian culture has not changed in 3000 years-- how has such continuity been maintained?
-they had everything they needed
natural cycles-- the sun and the flooding of the nile
Why was the flooding of the nile so important?
-cultivated only a narrow peice of land along nile
-couldn't rotate crops so flooding would replenish soil; it brought w/it nutrients from the south
What were 2 major resources for the egyptians?
the nile

describe the majority of egyptian sculpture
-made of limestone
-very symbolic
--choice of materials may support meaning
When did King Khafre rule?
During the old kingdom, dynasty 4 c. 2570-2544

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