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Honors World History Ch. 3

Terms

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who ruled asia minor, the balkan penninsula and arabian penninsula
byzantines
who were arab herders
bedouins
bedouins were in tribes each ruled by a ?
sheikh
what did arabia lack socially and politically
unity
who teaches islam to people in mecca
muhammad
what is submission to the will of god
islam
the sheikhs disagreed with muhammads teaching and persecuted his followers called ?
muslims
muhammad moves to ____ where he is accepted as both _______ and ______ leader
yathrib (medina) spritual and political
what is muhammads flight or migration to yathrib known as
the hijrah
when does muhammad die
632
who is a prophet as well as an ordinary man
muhammad
what is the reading
koran
how many chapters does the koran have and what are they called
114, suras
what language is the koran written in
arabic
islam is based on the need to obey the will of ______-
allah
What are the 5 pillars of islam
recite the profesion of faith pray 5 times a day facing mecca give alms to poor fast from dawn to dusk each day during holy month of ramaden make pilgrimmage to mecca, medinah, or jerusalem
is polygamy allowed? if so how many wives?
yes, 4
are there religious images in mosques
no
what is the struggle to defend the faith
jihad
who succeeds muhammad
abu bakr
Abu bakr is AKA
caliph
who is abu bakr successor
\'umar
did muslims try to take constantinople
yes, but they failed
who conquers spain and moves to france
spanish muslims, moors
who is defeated by the franks at the battle of tours
moors
what are the two sects of islam
sunni and shi\'ah
which germanic tribe played the greatest role in european history
franks
which frank king was also the 1st germanic leader to convert to christianity
clovis
clovis conquers __ from the visigoths hence name france
gaul
what battle do the spanish moors invade france and are defeated by charles martels army
battle of tours
who is charles martels son who also becomes ruler and ushers in the carolingian dynasty
pepin the short
who is the greatest of all frankish kings who is the son of pepin the short
charlegmagne
who conquered and controlled much of W. europe
charlegmange
who became the emperor of rome by the pope
charlegmagne
who was the duke of normandy that laid claim to english throne upon the kings death but it was denied
william
who did william of normandy lead into the battle of hastings
the normans
at what battle do the normans defeat king harold and william becomes king
battle of hastings
what protects the rights of the ordinary people
great charter
what will come to be known as parliament
great council
the great council is divided into two houses called
lords and commons
muslims conquer the ________
palestines
muslims allow ________ and _____ to practice their religion but must pay taxes and observe laws
christians and jews
in 1000\'s the _______ conquer palestine and begin to persecute christians and jews
seljuk turks
who called for all christians to join in a war against the muslims to regain the holy lands
pope urban 2
which crusade is considered the only succesful one
1
what do europeans gain from the crusades
military tactics, siege, trade and culture
eastern roman empire aka
byzantine empire
the byzantine empire is based on
the eastern orthodox church
who was the most important leader of the byzantines
justinian
who codified roman law which was the basis for legal system in europe
justinian

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