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SCBDA List of Required Musical Terms (Clinic)

South Carolina Band Directors Association's List of Required Musical Terms. Anyone trying out for Clinic Region/All-State band must know these.

Terms

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moderato
moderately
andante
moderately slow, but moving
con spirito
with spirit, brilliance
molto
very
poco a poco
little by little
maestoso
majestically
largo
very slow
lento
very slow
non troppo
not too much
alla
in the style of
sempre
always, continuously
crescendo
gradually louder
mosso
motion, movement
animato
spirited
con anima
with animation, spirited
allegro
rapid, lively
adagio
very slow
coda
the final added measures of a musical composition
fortissimo
very loud
simile
the same, continue in same manner
a poco
a little, gradually
rubato
temporary irregularity of time, lengthening certain notes
soli
more than one performer in unison
con grazia
with graceful style
grave
very slow and solemn
sostenuto
sustained
decrescendo
gradually softer
mezzo
medium, half
allegretto
light and moderately quick, but not as quick as allegro
staccato
separated, detached style
furioso
furiously
appassionato
intensely, passionately, with feeling
fermata
a hold or pause
al fine
to the finish
l'istesso
the same
accelerando
gradually faster
adagietto
slow, but not as slow as adagio
agitato
agitated, rapid
dal segno
from the sign
sforzando
forced, with emphasis
dolce
sweetly
forte
loud
grandioso
grand or noble style
ritenuto
a steady pace, but slower than preceding tempo
legato
smooth and connected
brilliante
brilliantly
etude
a study
ritardando
gradually slower
con forza
with force
tempo
time, speed
grazioso
gracefully
diminuendo
gradually softer
tacet
silently
cantabile
in a singing style
andantino
generally a little quicker than andante
solo
a composition or passage for one performer
a tempo
in time
da capo
from the beginning
meno
less
marcato
marked, with emphasis
larghetto
slow, but not as slow as largo
tenuto
sustain full value
prestissimo
very fast, more so than presto
rallentando
gradually slower
subito
suddenly
poco
a little
con brio
with spirit, brilliantly
pianissimo
very softly
vivace
vivacious, lively
energico
energetically
piano
softly
marziale
martial
chromatic
by semi-tones
allargando
gradually slower and broader
presto
very fast
segno
the sign

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