This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

A-M

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
metaphor
implied comparison; CF. simile
s wage
begin and continue (a war)
edict
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
n archives
public records; place where public records are kept
s rip
tear or be torn quickly and violently; Ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; N.
delete
erase; strike out
n gruel
thin liquid porridge
n fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
n adage
wise saying; proverb
n cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
s treasure
keep as precious; cherish
mobile
movable; not fixed; N. mobility
malcontent
person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; ADJ: discontented
monastic
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
n archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
n coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
s encircle
surround
n decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
indefatigable
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
licentious
amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
jargon
language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
n dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
hybrid
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
n lumber
move heavily or clumsily; Ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; N: timber
n dismantle
take apart; disassemble
incontinent
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
injurious
harmful; causing injury
s well-bred
of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined
s billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
n gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
advent
arrival
n fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
s cadet
student at a military school
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
barb
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
n arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
s ulcer
sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate
enormity
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
insuperable
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
n augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
s crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
efficacy
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
n idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; ADJ. idolatrous
n bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
s pilfer
steal things of small value; filch; snitch
exhume
dig out of the ground; remove from a grave
n falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
infiltrate
pass into or through; penetrate or enter (an organization) sneakily; Ex. infiltrate the troops into enemy territory; CF. infiltrator
n filing
particle removed by a file
n itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
n ludicrous
laughable; ridiculous; trifling
conceit
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
interminable
endless
n flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
n comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
s decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
benefactor
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
n farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
n checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
s brawl
noisy quarrel
barterer
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
s stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
comprise
include; consist of
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
n ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
n covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
s high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
n livid
lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry
s dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
n mace
ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
expertise
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
n furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
n mirth
merriment; laughter
foreboding
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
n jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
s humor
indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor
felon
person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime
n jaunt
trip; short journey
s distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
construe
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
couple
join; unite; OP. uncouple
n bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
indisputable
too certain to be disputed; beyond doubt
n brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
indifferent
unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
impunity
freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
clich\'e
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
n cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
gregarious
sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group
s wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
abyss
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
n killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
s humble
of low rank or position; modest; having a low opinion of oneself and a high opinion of others; unassuming; not proud; V. humiliate: make humble; cause to feel ashamed or to lose the respect of others
n aegis
shield; protection; defense
n catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
n apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
infirmity
weakness
n leeway
room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline
dolorous
sorrowful; N. dolor
n cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
incubus
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
entomology
study of insects
s waver
move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing
s abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
s imperil
put in danger
n larder
pantry; place where food is kept
n callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
n fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
n burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
incense
enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; N: aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor
n gloss_over
explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults
hatch
deck opening; lid covering a deck opening; V: emerge from an egg; produce (young) from an egg
s tinge
give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy
n anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
s indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
compensatory
making up for; repaying
breadth
width; extent
carnivorous
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
s dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
s shoot
new growth from a plant
n lugubrious
mournful; sorrowful
s prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
denotation
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
s interjection
exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''
n ethereal
like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
extemporaneous
not planned; impromptu; extempore
forlorn
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
n mannered
affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
s circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
indite
write; compose
frugality
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
n fancier
breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal
s bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
libel
defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
n acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
n dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
s jab
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
gyroscope
apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.
n knotty
intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
n carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
deadlock
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
n malfeasance
wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)
s effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
n luminous
shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
languish
lose animation or strength
hallucination
delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived; V. hallucinate; ADJ. hallucinatory
n flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
enumerate
list; mention one by one
n fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
curator
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
increment
increase
multiform
having many forms
irreverence
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
gargoyle
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
s discompose
disturb the composure of; confuse
affable
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
excise
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
n dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
judicious
sound on judgment; wise
debilitate
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
n harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
n gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
s luxuriate
take pleasure in great comfort
s merit
deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise
inclined
tending or leaning toward; bent; V. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend
jingoist
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
elucidate
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
n covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
s lace
cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace
s embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
malign
speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence
n lavish
liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
inopportune
untimely; inappropriate or ill-timed; poorly chosen
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
contentious
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
s carefree
free from worries; having no problems
infraction
violation (of a rule or regulation); breach
n brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
s incinerate
burn to ashes
n lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
n anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
s fancy
imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate
s unregenerate
making no attempt to change one's bad practices
s buffoon
stupid person; clown
abolish
cancel; put an end to
s fit
sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy
n blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
colossal
huge
innate
inborn
grandiloquent
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
discord
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
feign
pretend
diligence
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
n edify
instruct; correct morally
s scrimmage
disorderly fight between two or more people
s paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
n document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
accomplice
partner in crime
n blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
n maul
handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
s effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
s draft
first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript
n mealymouthed
indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
n badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
illusion
misleading vision or visual image; false idea or belief; CF. delusion
engaging
charming; attractive
n hummock
small hill; hillock
n gibberish
nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling
n granary
storehouse for grain
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
n fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
n mogul
powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian
n mincing
affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
inquisitor
questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition
n decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
s seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
enjoin
command; order; forbid
n hew
cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.
indissoluble
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
n disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
s oversee
watch over and direct; supervise; N. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision
n eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
heresy
opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion; ADJ. heretical; CF. heretic
s growl
low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)
n malleable
(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable
exonerate
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
s enlist
(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
n exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
fusion
union; coalition; V. fuse
s glitter
shine brightly with flashing points of light; Ex. glittering diamond ring; N: sparkling light; attractiveness; glamor; Ex. glitter of the sun on the waves
beneficiary
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
s inquisitive
eager for knowledge; unduly curious
derision
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
n discombobulated
discomposed; confused
minute
extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
n cession
yielding to another; ceding
circumvent
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
n inexorable
relentless; unyielding; implacable; not capable of being changed by entreaty or efforts; Ex. inexorable price rises
n diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
n ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
n idyllic
charmingly carefree; simple and happy; Ex. idyllic scene
n flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
evoke
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
n monumental
massive; impressively large; built as a monument
flora
plants of a region or era
degradation
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
n imbue
saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
longevity
long life; long duration
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
deplete
reduce; exhaust
n immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
martial
warlike; of war; Ex. martial art/law
gerontocracy
government ruled by old people
artisan
a manually skilled worker
s groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
grudging
unwilling; reluctant; stingy(giving reluctantly)
n modish
fashionable; conforming to the current fashion
n iridescent
exhibiting rainbowlike colors; Ex. iridescent oil slick; N. iridescence
insatiable
not easily satisfied; unquenchable; Ex. insatiable appetite
n befuddle
confuse thoroughly
concur
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
dilate
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
n gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
n fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
n bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
impartial
not biased; fair; N. impartiality
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
n blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
n lap
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
divulge
reveal
s lag
move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.
alimentary
supplying nourishment
n gloat
express evil satisfaction; look at or think about with evil satisfaction; view malevolently; Ex. The thief gloated over the stolen jewels.
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
n assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
exclaim
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
s cemetery
place for burying the dead
n litany
supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words
n lectern
reading desk or stand for a public speaker
n courier
messenger
cryptic
mysterious; hidden; secret
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
dispel
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
irreconcilable
impossible to reconcile; incompatible; not able to be resolved
n dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
muted
silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise
dearth
scarcity
antidote
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
n gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
n comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
n infernal
pertaining to hell; devilish; N. inferno: place of fiery heat or destruction
n humility
humbleness of spirit
s cremate
incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium
n beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
s lubricate
apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction
s flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
n meretricious
flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
n erratic
odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
n brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
s corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
n bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
flourish
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
s hideous
repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream
deluge
flood; rush; V.
n horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops
disclose
reveal; N. disclosure
s earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
magnitude
greatness (in size or extent); extent
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
boisterous
violent; rough; noisy
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
n doggerel
poor verse
s gnarl
protruding knot on a tree; V.
indomitable
unconquerable; unyielding
imbibe
drink in
atrophy
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
n foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
n mollycoddle
pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively
s prank
mischievous trick
s corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
n desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
n cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
n disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
n cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
n broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
n dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
n drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
s hail
frozen rain drop; V: salute or greet; precipitate hail
linguistic
pertaining to language
n fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
n minutiae
petty or trivial details; CF. minutia
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
n milieu
social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.
s unceremonious
not done politely without due formalities
n cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
s blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
n inarticulate
speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
n errant
wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant
n foil
defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
n inured
accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling
n arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
n knit
contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.
n cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
galaxy
large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities
s jug
pitcher; container for holding liquids
n forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
s thresh
beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw
s sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
affected
artificial; pretended
n frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
engross
occupy fully; absorb
legacy
gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor
n devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
n fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
s conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
indentation
notch; deep recess; V. indent; CF. tooth
s squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
n lustrous
shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair
enmity
ill will; hatred; hostility
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
s clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
n caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
s contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
s recite
repeat aloud (something learned); describe; Ex. recite his complaints; N. recitation
n meek
submissive; patient and long-suffering
n lackluster
lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull
n contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
n awl
pointed tool used for piercing
dissipate
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
n flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
s screech
unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.
exigency
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
n ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
admonish
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
s rag
scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance
environ
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
fallacious
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
magniloquent
boastful; pompous
s oatmeal
crushed oats used for making porridge
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
n die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
s gracious
kind in a generous way (to someone less important)
entice
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
molecule
the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
s dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
n apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
s palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
figurative
not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech
s suckle
give or take milk at the breast or udder
n crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
n febrile
feverish
compress
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
decoy
lure or bait; V.
curtail
shorten; reduce
s finish
surface texture; completeness of execution
s slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
convoluted
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
eerie
weird; causing fear because strange
explicit
totally clear; definite; outspoken
n buccaneer
pirate
s wrinkle
small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.
s indecisive
marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle
s sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
s compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
n confound
confuse; puzzle
infringe
violate (a law); encroach (the right of another person)
s coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
apathy
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
s intoxicate
make drunk; stimulate or excite; Ex. intoxicated by all the money he might win
s dignitary
person of high rank or position
n ghastly
horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast
n crux
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
n inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
mercenary
motivated solely by money or gain; N.
n chaffing
bantering; joking
melancholy
gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia
n fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
n carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
n diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
s compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
approbation
approval
n clientele
body of customers
deviate
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
n demographic
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
n grimace
facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc; V.
n mendicant
beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar
s swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
n filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
languor
lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
n incorporeal
without a material body; insubstantial
n blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
n epistemologist
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology
n jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
n inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
s nurse
suckle; take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; Ex. nursing mother; Ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone
s abode
dwelling place; home
s blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
n mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
n juggernaut
irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
s clasp
hold firmly within arms
n catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
aptitude
fitness; talent
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
n malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
n crevice
crack; fissure
contortions
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
s notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
impasse
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
s compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
n glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
calamity
disaster; misery
infinitesimal
very small
arraign
charge in court; indict
s pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
martyr
one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; Ex. martyr to his rheumatism
n beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
s soar
rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
fathom
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
s legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
inimitable
matchless; not able to be imitated
s grim
causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile
n cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
irremediable
incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy
n macerate
soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper
decant
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
monotony
sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
n crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
n berate
scold strongly
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
s fuddle
make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
insomnia
wakefulness; inability to sleep
n ambrosia
food of the gods
s coax
persuade by flattery
esteem
respect; value; judge; N.
s lance
pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon
n gape
open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
s blue
gloomy; depressed
entail
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
effeminate
having womanly traits
elicit
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
n expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
depreciate
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
insolence
impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude
augment
increase; add to
s shudder
shake uncontrollably; tremble; V.
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
n copious
plentiful
n jovial
good-natured; merry; cheerful
ideology
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
n jaded
tired or uninterested by surfeit; fatigued; surfeited; worn out; wearied; Ex. jaded appetite
s choice
delicate; of very fine quality
n flaunt
display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''
n eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
s historic
important in history; Ex. historic battle
malediction
curse
n cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
irreproachable
beyond reproach; blameless; impeccable; Ex. irreproachable conduct
kinetic
producing motion; of motion
n bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
n mentor
counselor; teacher
digression
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
s graphite
black form of carbon used in lead pencils
n ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
s solicitor
lawyer in the lower court of law
s overthrow
topple; N.
dilapidated
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
n conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
s pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
n dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
mitigate
appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity
antithesis
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
n hap
chance; luck
n cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó¸¶ Àå½Ä
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
n germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
n inerrancy
infallibility
n forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
n carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
n finicky
too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
s chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
n gentry
people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility
congenital
existing at birth
n mutinous
unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer
n invoke
call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God
s gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
n latitude
freedom from narrow limitations
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
s blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
s bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
multiplicity
state of being numerous or multiple; large number; Ex. multiplicity of details; ADJ. multiple: of more than one element
s siren
apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
n grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace
n hover
hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state
n belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
n cubicle
small chamber used for sleeping or work
imponderable
weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; CF. pound
ecologist
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
alleviate
relieve (pain)
charisma
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
ingrate
ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)
n gorge
stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful
s idyll(idyl)
short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; Ex. idyll of two young lovers
faculty
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
n gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; ´ãÁó(bile); CF. gall bladder
cursory
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
s induct
place formally in office; install; admit as a member; initiate; N. induction: inducting; process of deriving general principles from particular facts
n dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
s clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
s swear-word
word considered offensive; Ex. ``bloody''
n garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
s commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
n guy
cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
incendiary
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
n d\'enouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
n luster
shine; gloss (of a polished surface)
missile
object to be thrown or projected
impending
nearing; approaching; about to happen
deprecate
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
n analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
n clique
small exclusive group of people
n clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
s gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
s expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
delude
deceive
apposite
appropriate; fitting
n limn
draw; outline; describe; CF. line ?
s distract
take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
grievance
cause of complaint; complaint
exodus
departure (of a large number of people)
n defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
epilogue
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
desiccate
dry up
n defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
s sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
n acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
dispassionate
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
fancied
imagined; unreal
irrevocable
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
n gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
meticulous
excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous
lunar
pertaining to the moon
amazon
female warrior
n dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage
deliberate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
n chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
n chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
n fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
exertion
effort; expenditure of much physical work; V. exert oneself: make a great effort
coercion
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
endorse
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
n leery
(of someone) suspicious; wary; cautious
imperative
absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done
anachronism
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
n lank
long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
n bucolic
rustic; pastoral
s forerunner
predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another
n flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
n hone
sharpen (a tool); N: whetstone for sharpening a tool
infallible
unerring; never making mistakes
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
n existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
n atypical
not normal; not typical
abhor
detest; hate
immaculate
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
n hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use
n jostle
shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
n didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
haughtiness
pride; arrogance; ADJ. haughty
n capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
n acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
n argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
s gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
libidinous
lustful
n entrance
put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
s lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
n myriad
very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand
n imprecation
curse; swearword
s vertebrate
having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column
n execrable
very bad; detestable
n filibuster
block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter
s forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
alloy
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
n jibe
agree; be in harmony with; gibe
encipher
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
s margin
border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety
n duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
mammoth
gigantic; enormous
n brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
n horde
crowd; swarm
n minatory
menacing; threatening
n distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
s egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
n babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
n mercantile
concerning trade or merchants
s debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
n expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
n harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
enduring
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
s maroon
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
s fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
n abeyance
suspended action
homage
honor; tribute; great respect; Ex. pay/do homage to
n marshal
put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official
n chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
n disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
n foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
n doff
take off; OP. don
n foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
n dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
n fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
execute
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
n compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
n contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
n fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
incline
slope; slant; Ex. steep incline
invincible
unconquerable
s callus
area of thick hard skin
criteria
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
n apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
s trickster
person who cheats people
eclipse
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
impudence
impertinence; insolence
s defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
n florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
n dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
s endear
make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced
n gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
millennium
thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity
n lode
metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
n ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
mediocre
ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad
n infidel
unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)
n devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
momentum
quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
contrite
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
n fleck
spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot
consistency
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
n mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
antecede
precede
s detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
deface
mar; disfigure
animated
lively; spirited
hypocritical
pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite
anchor
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage
encompass
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
s drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
dissent
disagree
n archipelago
group of closely located islands
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
n ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
n debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
contusion
bruise
n misnomer
wrong or improper name; incorrect designation
gratify
please; satisfy; Ex. gratify a desire
assiduous
diligent
n dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
abysmal
bottomless
equitable
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
atone
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
n frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
elliptical
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
n demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
s brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
n canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
mutablility
ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant
n foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
disparage
belittle
apparition
ghost; phantom
conventional
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
s artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
n droll
queer and amusing
ensue
follow (as a result)
s mangle
tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
evocative
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
n innuendo
indirect or subtle (derogatory) hint; insinuation; Ex. sexual innuendo
erroneous
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
s crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
n irate
angry; CF. ire: anger; wrath
ecstasy
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
incessant
uninterrupted; unceasing
s significant
expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant
n fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
n catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
s ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
jubilation
rejoicing; great joy
s standstill
condition of no movement or activity; stop
inculcate
teach (ideas or principles); instill
s indulge
yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; Ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; N. indulgence
s tenancy
possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy
entrepreneur
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
s monogram
design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.
n knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
n forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
n maculated
spotted; stained; CF. immaculate
n disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
n determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
s hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
n burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
n grapple
wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; Ex. grapple with the burglar
s breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
interim
meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper
s homely
not good-looking; unattractive
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
accessory
additional object; useful but not essential thing
n beeline
direct quick route
s jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
n minuscule(miniscule)
extremely small
fruition
bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition
n heinous
atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime
n insinuate
hint; imply; suggest indirectly; creep in; introduce or insert (oneself) by artful means; Ex. insinuate himself into the boss's favor; CF. ingratiate
s executive
person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing
s gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
s draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
denounce
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
n martinet
strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
n cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (¾î±ú¿¡¼ °Üµå¶û ¹ØÀ¸·Î °ÉÄ¡´Â) Àå½Ä ¸®º»; V.
avow
declare openly; N. avowal
n idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic
n exceptionable
objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable
n incantation
singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; CF. enchant
emolument
salary; payment for an office; compensation
n floe
flat mass of floating ice
n laity
laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
s mannerism
distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)
s tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
n hoax
trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.
s hazard
venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger
n mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
n molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
gullible
easily deceived
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
corroborate
confirm; support; strengthen
n canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
n chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
n blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
n earthy
unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal
n ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
derogatory
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
s battalion
army unit made up of four or more companies
misogamy
hatred of marriage
n herpetologist
one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians
n insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; Ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; Ex. insensible change; CF. not the opposite of sensible
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
s boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
s murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
irksome
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
n coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
gauche
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
epicure
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
n knead
mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough
n cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
s rabies
disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)
s forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
invulnerable
incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure
n coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
convex
curving outward
gusty
windy
n fictitious
imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional
annex
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
n coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
n inordinate
beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; Ex. inordinate demands
s regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
n canto
division of a long poem
s upright
(sitting or standing) straight up; honest; moral
n dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
deference
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
imperturbable
unshakably calm; placid
dissertation
formal essay; treatise
s bewitch
cast a spell over; captivate completely
immune
resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity
expenditure
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
s persevere
continue steadily in spite of difficulties
n hilarity
boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); ADJ. hilarious: full of laughter
n bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
n excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
fickle
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
bellicose
warlike
delusion
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
n manipulate
operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
ellipsis
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
inter
bury; N. interment
n disarray
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
contiguous
adjacent to; touching upon
n matriculate
enroll (in college or graduate school); CF. matrix
n merger
combination (of two business corporations); act of merging
s dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
belittle
disparage; depreciate
lateral
of or coming from the side
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
s bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
conspiracy
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
n domineer
rule over tyrannically
s bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
s bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
n abscission
cutting off; separation
n forthright
straightforward; direct; frank
cosmic
pertaining to the universe; vast
n chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
conflagration
great fire
n fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
n facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
s grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
metaphysical
pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
s uninhibited
having no inhibitions; free in behavior and feelings
amoral
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
adept
expert at; very skilled
n insidious
treacherous; stealthy; sly; working or spreading harmfully in a stealthy manner; Ex. insidious spreading of dry rot
s mingle
mix together in close association
allude
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
n imbroglio
complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil
n epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
n coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
inverse
opposite
n holocaust
destruction by fire; CF. burnt whole; CF. Holocaust
s inasmuch_as
since; owing to the fact that
s deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
n fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
n knoll
little round hill; hillock
s bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
convert
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
s retard
delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development
listless
lacking in spirit or energy; languid
accede
agree
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
n incandescent
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle
abominate
loathe; hate
n baroque
highly ornate
s cunning
clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit
gnome
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
s underhand(underhanded)
done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)
s bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
innovation
change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; V. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; ADJ. innovative
misogynist
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
alias
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias
leniency
mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment
n lien
legal claim or right on a property
herbivorous
grain-eating; CF. herbivore
armada
fleet of warships
exploit
make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation
s grumble
complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; N.
n fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
inception
start; beginning
legend
explanatory list of symbols on a map
marital
pertaining to marriage
s chant
tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant
n fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
n apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
annul
make void
s tenant
one that pays rent to use property owned by another
s filth
dirty matter; ADJ. filthy
n felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
ancestry
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
s except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
n impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
deplore
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
insubstantial
lacking substance; insignificant; frail; immaterial
s rightful
legally correct; Ex. rightful owner
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
s patrimony
property inherited from a father
implicit
understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust
n gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
s shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
n hypochondriac
person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen
s Epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
n husbandry
frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman
n deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
s airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
corrosive
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
n epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
feasible
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
consolidation
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
n chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
n empathy
ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another's feelings; V. empathize; CF. sympathy
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
s list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
n homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
exiguous
small in amount; minute
s plaster
paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.
n buffoonery
clowning
s fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
s rumble
make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)
s mischief
behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome
n gourmand
epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink
n insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
s flush
redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing
explicate
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
n modulate
tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G
blunder
error; stupid mistake
embark
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
estranged
separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement
n muse
ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)
n brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
s rou\'e
lecherous man
s nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
n anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ÁøÅëÁ¦; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
s deputize
work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away
despise
look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible
s chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
discernible
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
n gory
bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)
n contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
n fluster
confuse; make nervous and confused; N.
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
incubate
hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease
n hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
s sow
plant or scatter seed
s enliven
make lively or spirited; animate
bestow
confer
s blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
n curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
s germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
n mores
conventions; moral standards; moral customs
s thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
n frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
s hygiene
science and practice of the promotion and preservation of health; ADJ. hygienic: showing careful attention to cleanness (to prevent disease); Ex. hygienic condition
n muddle
confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion
n hardy
(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather
effectual
able to produce a desired effect; valid
n jocund
merry
s gentle
kindly; soft; mild; of good family
devoid
empty; lacking
s court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
n behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
correlation
mutual relationship
monarchy
government under a single ruler
liaison
contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection
crescendo
increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
labyrinth
maze
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
defer
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
n disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
epitome
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
n bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
n canine
related to dogs; doglike
s feline
of a member of the cat family; N.
maniacal
raging mad; insane; N. maniac: insane person; CF. mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
imprudent
lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious
s expos\'e
public revelation of something discreditable
duration
length of time something lasts
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
n bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
n hurtle
crash; rush; move with great speed; Ex. hurtling runaway train
s lounge
stand, sit, or lie in a lazy, relaxed way
n iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images
incursion
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey
s intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
n careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
n menagerie
collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo
n disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
astronomical
enormously large or extensive
s outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
eloquence
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
n buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
n betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
comprehensive
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
s botch
mismanage; blow
inanimate
lifeless; not animate
s bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
indelible
not able to be erased
n harping
tiresome dwelling on a subject; V. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
n inscrutable
difficult to understand; impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious
s shack
crude cabin
elated
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
n extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
expound
explain
n detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
s dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
n artless
without guile; open and honest
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
n dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
n halting
hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop
s jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
s foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
n accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
s executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will; ¿¹¼ú ÀÛÇ°ÀÇ Á¦ÀÛÀÚ
cohesion
tendency to keep together
n diadem
crown
n magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
n ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
loathe
detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell
s dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
s constitution
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
n beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
goad
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
contest
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
s reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
equable
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
compute
reckon; calculate
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
exempt
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
microcosm
small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
grandiose
affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas
s exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
flagrant
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
s jest
playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully
n limbo
region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo
s quicksilver
mercury
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
s swagger
walk or behave with an over-confident manner
actuary
someone who advises insurance companies
attentive
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
n faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
n dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
n hue
color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue
n carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
n hermetic
concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult
circumscribe
limit; confine; draw a line around
n beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
s swamp
wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid
s dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
conduit
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
deducible
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
n eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
s monochrome
painting in only one color; ADJ.
n deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
n ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
n lope
gallop slowly
cohere
stick together
n caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
intelligentsia
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
n blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
culmination
highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
s flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
n countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
clandestine
secret
s weary
tired after long work; V.
n bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
n hegemony
dominance especially of one nation over others
n eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize
facet
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
lethal
deadly
n hermitage
home of a hermit
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
irreparable
not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair
adversary
opponent; enemy
barrage
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
n imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
n chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
n flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
n emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
emanate
issue forth; come out
s culprit
one guilty of a crime
n firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
n expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
n ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
s drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
n glossy
smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
ebb
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
incarnate
endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; Ex. devil incarnate; V: give bodily form to; embody
s healthy
possessing good health; healthful
s hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
n breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
dormant
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder
incentive
spur; motive; something which encourages one to greater activity
s institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
n blas\'e
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
depredation
plundering; destruction
n mellifluous
(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune
n fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
ascetic
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
n libretto
text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book
s porridge
soft food made by boiling oatmeal
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
s vain
full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity
fugitive
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
debase
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
expository
explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition
n miscreant
wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
n expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
n bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
s grunt
utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.
s masquerade
wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise
n maritime
bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
s halfhearted
exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm
s linger
loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.
n kaleidoscope
tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. kaleidoscope of European history; CF. beautiful
extort
wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant
s pudding
hot sweet dish
n gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
s clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
n juncture
crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining
cringe
shrink back as if in fear; cower
n irascible
irritable; easily angered
n lachrymose
producing tears; tearful
n espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
euphony
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
s penetrate
enter into; pierce; permeate; see through; grasp the inner significance of; understand
s hut
crude dwelling; shack
n amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
levity
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
s falsify
make (something written) false by changing
aver
state confidently; declare as true
n mural
wall painting
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
component
element; ingredient
n burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
s padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
n effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
apprise
inform
illicit
illegal
n gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
n kismet
fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
n bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
malicious
hateful; spiteful; expressing malice; N. malice: desire to harm others; spite
n motility
ability to move spontaneously; ADJ. motile: moving spontaneously
n appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
n alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
benison
blessing
n meddlesome
interfering; V. meddle: interfere
n minion
servile dependent; obsequious follower
n fervent
ardent; zealous; hot
energize
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
s self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
n gingerly
very carefully; ADJ.
n invocation
prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking
n demotic
of or pertaining to the people
humanitarian
one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; CF. humanism
s capsize
(of a boat) turn over
fissure
crevice; crack
buoyant
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
n antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
n fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
s bearing
deportment; connection
imbalance
lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion
s correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
n impeccable
faultless
s emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
s smear
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
n hubris
arrogance; excessive self-conceit
n laggard
slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler
incipient
beginning; in an early stage
n bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
accelerate
move faster
n flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion
abrogate
abolish
beneficent
kindly; doing good
s dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
meditation
reflection; thought; V. meditate
s impregnate
make pregnant; fill thoroughly; saturate
exculpate
clear from blame or guilt
acute
(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain
internecine
mutually destructive
monochromatic
having only one color
n gaudy
flashy; showy
hibernate
sleep throughout the winter; N. hibernation
n disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
n artifice
deception; trickery
s memorial
something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
atheistic
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
n dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
impropriety
improperness; unsuitableness
discomfit
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
n funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
expatriate
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
n egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
n cohabit
live together
s prop
support placed under or against something; V.
intimidate
frighten; N. intimidation
n cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
hackneyed
commonplace; trite
s nonsense
speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail
n limber
flexible; supple; pliable; V.
demeanor
behavior; bearing
exploit
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history
indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
n importunate
urging; always demanding; troublesomely urgent or persistent
n auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
n dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
acrophobia
fear of heights
decapitate
behead
n monolithic
solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
n inert
inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act; Ex. chemically inert; N. inertia: state of being inert; force which keeps a thing in the position or state
abridge
condense or shorten
inconsequential
insignificant; unimportant
n actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
erudite
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
s limp
walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak
malefactor
evildoer; criminal
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
inflated
exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
n candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
deflect
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
d\'eb\^acle
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
monotheism
belief in one God
n anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
s motto
brief statement used to express a principle
s slap
hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
n fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
n cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
s galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
n gull
trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe
n effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
enfranchise
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
n introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
misconstrue
interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge
n mischance
ill luck
s latch
fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; V: close with a latch
n guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
initiate
begin; originate; receive into a group; introduce to a new field or activity; Ex. initiate someone into the mysteries of a secret religion; N: one who has been initiated
interdict
prohibit; forbid; N.
n flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
s elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
n moribund
dying; at the point of death; CF. death
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
impotent
weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power
n manumit
emancipate; free from slavery or bondage
expurgate
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
fluctuate
waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly
induce
persuade; lead to do something; bring about; N. inducement
s speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
improvise
compose on the spur of the moment
s afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
egregious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
n capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
bicker
quarrel
n mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
frigid
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
n arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
import
significance; importance; meaning
n juxtapose
place side by side; CF. next
n caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
compliant
readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements
futile
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
invective
abuse
n douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
congeal
freeze; coagulate
n bloated
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
s matrimony
state of being married
insightful
discerning; perceptive
benevolent
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
n militate
work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier
n clavicle
collarbone
n feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
s institutionalize
make into an institution; put or confine in an institution
industrious
diligent; hard-working; N. industry
s tawny
brownish yellow
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
s permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
n choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
compact
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
s gobble
eat very quickly
s mat
not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
n askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
n concerted
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering
n grotto
small cavern
n bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
s confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
guileless
without deceit
addiction
compulsive habitual need
dismember
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
n assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
discretion
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
diverse
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
s conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
n application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
dilatory
delaying; tending to delay
n impervious
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); Ex. impervious to water/criticism
depose
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
inevitable
unavoidable
n foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
decipher
decode; CF. indecipherable
hamper
obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N: ½Ä·áÇ°À̳ª ÀǺ¹ µîÀ» ´ã´Â ¹Ù±¸´Ï
mirage
unreal reflection; optical illusion
allegiance
loyalty
n equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
incredulity
tendency to disbelief
s dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
s inhibited
(of a person) unable to express what one really feels
s forge
counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated
n exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
convene
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
n maudlin
effusively sentimental
n brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
ephemeral
short-lived; fleeting
n excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
n browbeat
bully; intimidate
elusive
evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.
n hovel
shack; small wretched house
n mandate
order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; V: give a mandate to; place under a mandate; Ex. mandated territory
s decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
guise
outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise
embellish
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
s trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
n fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
s droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
discourse
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
corollary
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
n disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
s morgue
mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation
affluence
abundance; wealth
inundate
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
s gust
strong abrupt rush of wind; V. CF. bluster
miserly
stingy; mean
s glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
heterogeneous
dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants
espionage
spying
n irony
hidden sarcasm or satire; use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean; use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning
n dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
context
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
indigenous
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
audit
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
n glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope
capacious
spacious
n flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
n balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
n kindred
related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship
n fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
mammal
vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
s confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
n extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
mosaic
picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; ADJ.
s impart
grant a share of; make known; Ex. news to impart
exemplify
show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.
n loll
lounge about
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
n balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
n mutilate
maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
forte
strong point or special talent in a person's character
n junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
annuity
yearly allowance
n impuissance
powerlessness; feebleness
dissident
dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; N.
n cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
n caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
n bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
n don
put on; OP. doff
n levy
impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco
s understate
state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate
s chuckle
laugh quietly
n fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
s sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
n hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
n demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
n glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
n evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
n disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
n jabber
chatter rapidly or unintelligibly
lucid
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
n ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
n gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
impermeable
impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate
s frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
incumbent
obligatory; imposed as an obligation; currently holding an office; N: person who holds an office
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
adventitious
accidental; casual; happening by chance
n lilliputian
extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
integrate
make whole; combine; make into one unit
n apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
n dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
gratuitous
given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment
fortitude
bravery; courage; strength of mind
n billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
bode
foreshadow; portend
s skim
read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
s swarm
large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; V: move in a crowd or mass
s awful
terrible; very bad
n chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
s dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
genre
particular variety of art or literature
n indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
n brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
malady
illness
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
impassable
not able to be traveled or crossed
s tend
have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend
n apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
iniquitous
wicked; immoral; unrighteous; N. iniquity; Ex. den of iniquity
n clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
mimicry
imitation
n braggart
boaster; bragger
magnanimity
generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
n coiffure
hairstyle
egotistical
egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited
dexterous
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
denigrate
blacken; defame
n debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
euthanasia
mercy killing
infer
deduce; conclude; N. inference
enthrall
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
n doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
n arboretum
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
s dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
s fiend
evil spirit; devil
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
n foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
n mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world
lineage
descent; ancestry
n cartographer
map-maker
n fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
avenge
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
exemplary
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
n mausoleum
monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
expedient
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
n dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
n bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
n gist
essence; main point; substance
n fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
n motley
multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)
n grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
n jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
default
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
amenities
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
n callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
n myopic
nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
n lax
careless; negligent; not paying enough attention; Ex. lax service
n askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
s vulgar
of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; Ex. vulgar display of wealth; N. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; CF. vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
latent
present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
s frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
fraudulent
cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle
intermittent
periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
n inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
n fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
n amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
n levitate
rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
s healthful
conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air
infamous
notoriously bad; notorious; well known for being bad; Ex. infamous behavior; N: infamy: infamous act; evil fame or reputation
n dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
fabricate
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
s genus
division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species
n emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
n ligneous
like wood
n hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
degenerate
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
n badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
hazy
slightly obscure; misty; unclear; N. haze: light mist or smoke; confused state of mind
n interpolate
insert between
n dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
finale
conclusion; concluding part
n meander
wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly
s license
official or legal permission; latitude of action or speech; excessive freedom that causes harm or damage; V.
s matin\'ee(matinee)
dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon
adhere
stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality
attenuate
make thin; weaken
distill
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
condiments
seasonings; spices
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
n insipid
lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; Ex. insipid food/character
n gnarled
twisted
n jettison
throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
s drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
harbinger
forerunner (which foreshadows what is to come)
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
detraction
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
s fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
fauna
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
indulgent
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
n bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
n addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
n berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
impious
irreverent
heedless
not noticing; disregarding
n elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
anoint
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
despondent
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
demean
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
n intimate
hint; suggest; imply; ADJ: marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; Ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; N: close friend or confidant; CF. intimacy
cumulative
growing by addition; accumulative
s natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
expiate
make amends for (a sin)
n maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
n litotes
understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''
s consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
s apiarist
person who keeps bees
s gerontology
study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age
n demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
n agenda
items of business at a meeting
n munificent
very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience
n credo
creed
s pinnace
small boat
s ploy
strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy
n forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
converse
opposite; ADJ.
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
malevolent
wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence
n canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
n haggle
argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)
s galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
s spoilsport
one who spoils the pleasure of others
s confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
compound
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
n functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
s miscellaneous
made up of a variety of parts
s undertaker
funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials
n begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
n apprehensive
fearful; discerning
s heed
pay attention to; N: close attention
extricate
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
advocate
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
n duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
s romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
s sneak
move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; N: one who sneaks; ADJ. sneaky
abscond
depart secretly and hide
n manifold
many in number or kind; numerous; varied
n dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
n arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
facsimile
copy
intrepid
fearless
s surge
powerful movement of or like a wave; V.
n litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
n ingratiate
become popular with; bring (oneself) in favor of another; Ex. ingratiate himself with the boss
n bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
imposture
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
emollient
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
n grouse
complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird
n engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
n arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
concise
brief and compact
influx
flowing into
n bigotry
stubborn intolerance
n dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
emaciated
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
inaugurate
begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural
animosity
active enmity
n giddy
light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height
n brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
mandatory
obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
s scrappy
quarrelsome
cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
n amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
n glean
gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty
s distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
n corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
n histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
s flirt
behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious
n bacchanalian
drunken
n caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
controvert
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
appall
dismay; shock deeply
indignity
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
intrinsic
essential; inherent; built-in
indigent
poor; destitute
n catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
s wholesome
conducive to mental or physical health; healthful
s wretch
miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile
apprehend
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
n gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
beseech
beg; plead with
doctrine
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
n blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
s violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
n apiary
a place where bees are kept
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
incognito
with identity concealed; using an assumed name; ADJ.
inveterate
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better
n incapacitate
disable; N. incapacity: lack of capacity
n faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
covert
secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt
desecrate
profane; violate the sanctity of
n luminary
celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)
countenance
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
adamant
hard; inflexible
n mesmerize
hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer
n founder
fail completely; sink; CF. flounder
assail
assault
n brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
dorsal
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
n granulate
form into grains or granules; N. granule: grain or particle
s sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
n gait
manner of walking or running; speed
erotic
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
s zest
outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; Ex. add a certain zest to the affair; Ex. zest for life
frustrate
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
n bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
jeopardize
endanger; imperil; put at risk; N. jeopardy: danger
dermatologist
one who studies the skin and its diseases
n frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
s crinkle
wrinkle
n interregnum
period between two successive reigns or governments
n factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
facilitate
help bring about; make less difficult
impecunious
without money
n memento
token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
n equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
n distrait
absentminded; distracted
biennial
every two years
alchemy
medieval chemistry
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
s shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
condescend
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
harass
annoy by repeated attacks
n hackles
hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise
n missive
letter; written statement; CF. sent
lechery
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
indices
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
n balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
s glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
n headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.
s hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
antagonism
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
n choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
n gusto
eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm
enigma
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
concatenate
link as in a chain
n fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
maternal
motherly; N. maternity: motherhood
n chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
s dribble
flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.
erode
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
altercation
noisy quarrel
indigence
poverty
grandeur
impressiveness; stateliness; majesty
n modicum
limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
n gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
frail
weak; N. frailty
despot
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
s incident
event; event that causes a crisis
s oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. ``For Christ's sake''
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
n cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
centripetal
tending toward the center
n mulct
defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy
n communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
dichotomy
division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
incarnation
act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; Ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation
implacable
incapable of being pacified; impossible to appease; Ex. implacable enemy
desolate
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
asylum
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
integral
complete; necessary for completeness; Ex. integral part
glutton
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
disdain
treat with scorn or contempt
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
defiance
refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant
n holster
leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)
n abate
subside or moderate
s derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
n mite
very small object or insect-like creature; small coin
s dainty
delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
assuage
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
deft
neat; skillful
n morbid
given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease
harbor
give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N: place of shelter; refuge
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
collaborate
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
implement
put into effect; enforce; carry out; supply with tools; Ex. implement the plan/suggestion; N: tool or instrument
festive
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
n mortify
humiliate by embarassing excessively; shame; punish the flesh; discipline (one's body) by self-denial; Ex. mortified by her blunder; Ex. mortify the flesh; CF. cause to die
meager
scanty; inadequate
n lithe
flexible; supple; CF. limber
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
n fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
incarcerate
imprison
n benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
n doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
s vile
despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; Ex. vile slander
n elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
endue
provide with some quality; endow
contention
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
n glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
casualty
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
miscellany
mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
s gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
incidence
rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortality
n impeach
charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility
s forfeit
something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
maladroit
clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
s bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
implore
beg
exorbitant
(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds
immobility
state of being immovable
n hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
n amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
commodious
spacious and comfortable
forgo(forego)
give up; do without
s nectar
drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
incommodious
not spacious; inconvenient
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
s inebriate
make drunk; intoxicate; N. intoxicated person
s peevish
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
s crochet
make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
dauntless
bold; fearless
n delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
celestial
heavenly
daunt
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
inalienable
not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights
icon(ikon)
religious image; idol; image or representation
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
n bard
poet
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
impiety
irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety
incredulous
withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief
dawdle
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
consummate
complete; V.
diabolical
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
n magisterial
authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner
inductive
pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general
consensus
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
n hirsute
hairy; having a lot of hair
n bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
n gorge
narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)
n diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
n low
moo; make the sound of a cow
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
cache
hiding place; V.
effrontery
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
n entree(entr\'ee)
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
s dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ³»·Á´Ùº¸´Ù
mediate
settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; Ex. mediate a cease-fire
deterrent
something that discourages or deters
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
n genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
n enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
n coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer¸¦ ¹Þ¾ÒÀ» ¶§
s stately
formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic
n extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
s scowl
frown angrily; N: angry frown
n inane
silly; senseless; Ex. inane remarks; N. inanity
n dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
deride
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
s boor
rude, insensitive person
s mar
spoil the appearance of
enervate
weaken; take away energy from
s peddle
travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
ecclesiastic
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
n miasma
swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
n kudos
honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand)
impenetrable
not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; Ex. impenetrable mystery
n cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
n cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
exotic
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
inept
unsuited; inappropriate; lacking skill; incompetent; CF. inapt: (of statements or ideas) inappropriate
glib
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
n distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
s intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
demented
insane
n labile
likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability
n impolitic
not wise; not expedient; not politic
authenticate
prove genuine
s hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
n browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
depict
portray
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
s straggle
stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch
s groove
long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record
n commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
n machinations
evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate
n insensate
without feeling; lacking sense; foolish
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
n crone
hag; ugly old woman
concentric
having a common center
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
carnage
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
collate
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
s entourage
group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
n dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
s haunt
(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented
laborious
demanding much work or care; tedious
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
n coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
lewd
lustful
cogent
convincing
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
s swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
n exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
s ferocious
fierce; violent; N. ferocity
methodical
systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
n animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
escapade
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
n moodiness
fits of depression or gloom; ADJ. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy CF. mood: state of mind or emotion
n homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
n amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
n camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
n domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
s slick
make smooth or glossy; N: smooth surface; Ex. oil slick; ADJ: smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
n expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
s attire
clothe; N: clothing; array; apparel
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
devotee
enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach
n husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
n flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
acknowledge
recognize; admit
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
impair
injure; hurt; damage
n dappled
spotted
n acetic
vinegary
n moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
s indecision
irresolution; inability to make up one's mind
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
n extol
praise very highly; glorify
s jurisdiction
right and power to apply the law; authority
melee
fight
n indubitable
unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable
n foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
ingenious
marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity
n charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
n ewe
female sheep
n confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
attest
testify; bear witness
n enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
n cistern
reservoir or water tank
n clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
commiserate
feel or express pity or sympathy for
asteroid
small planet
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
disinclination
unwillingness
distort
twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion
s flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
s queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
hazardous
dangerous
s dull
(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
n drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
s hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
s compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
n ken
range of knowledge; Ex. beyond one's ken
s chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
s consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
s glare
shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; N.
defame
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
inequity
unfairness; ADJ. inequitable
militant
combative; bellicose; N.
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
lascivious
lustful
n adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
n deign
condescend; stoop
s edifice
building (of imposing size)
incisive
(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; Ex. incisive remarks; V. incise: make a cut into
mode
prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life
n multifarious
varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities
s compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
n dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
s odds
chances; probability; disagreement; Ex. The odds are that it will rain. Ex. at odds with
innocuous
harmless
malignant
tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor
n aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
maneuver(manoeuver)
strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; V: carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end
n mottled
blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors
s dissonance
discord
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
n besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
s championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
concord
harmony; accord
s fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
n ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
s persist
continue in existence; last; continue in a course of action in spite of opposition; Ex. persist in/with something; ADJ. persistent
embed(imbed)
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
s flip
send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over
n beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
n muggy
(of weather) warm and damp
n impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
execrate
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
adversity
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
n asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
s curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
intangible
not able to be perceived by touch; vague
demolition
destruction; V. demolish
s submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
n doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
s blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
n inchoate
(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; Ex. inchoate mass
n gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
s clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
s qualify
reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated
s thesis
opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments
migrant
changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates
n bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
exacerbate
worsen; aggravate; embitter
n lout
clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
n heterodox
(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional
cogitate
think over; ponder
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
n ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
s militia
army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
arbitrate
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
decimate
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
n bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics
intuition
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition
implicate
incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime
contaminate
pollute
chronic
long established as a disease
accost
approach and speak first to a person
n appellation
name; title
n certitude
certainty
misanthrope
one who hates mankind; misanthropist
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
idiosyncrasy
individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; ADJ. idiosyncratic
embezzlement
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
disjointed
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
illusive
deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive
absolve
pardon (an offense)
genesis
beginning; origin
n addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
n laconic
brief and to the point; using few words; terse
s embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
circuitous
roundabout
n crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
s historical
connected with history; based on events in history (whether regarded as important or not)
s ingenue
ing\'enue; young innocent girl
n dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
n grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
s hereafter
life after death
n disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
n inimical
(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy
craven
cowardly
s malapropos
inappropriate; ADV.
n mawkish
mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental
defile
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
n invidious
designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison
n humdrum
dull; monotonous
n hoary
white with age
n hapless
unfortunate; luckless
s jumble
mix in a confused way
s hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
defunct
dead; no longer in use or existence
s geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
n genteel
well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty
n incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
s constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
irretrievable
impossible to recover or regain; CF. retrieve
n esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
s monograph
scholarly article
s chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
deploy
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
humid
damp; N. humidity
n garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
n circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
s maleficient
doing evil; N. maleficience
outrage
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
glossary
brief explanation of words used in the text
s fuss:
trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby
s crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
s poise
good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
n euphoria
feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric
impel
drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action
s primate
group of mammals including humans
allure
entice; attract; tempt
n determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
n dispirited
lacking in spirit
n flair
talent
cessation
stoppage
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
n halcyon
calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days
n celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
s mute
silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; N: one who is incapable of speech; V: soften the sound, color, shade of
n clime
climate
n comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
n collation
a light meal; collating
dogmatic
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
n impugn
dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight
n dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
homogeneous
of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout
n array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
s personify
represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
allay
calm; pacify
n hale
healthy
n frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
antiseptic
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
confine
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
s ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
hostility
unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile
n equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
medium
element that is a creature's natural environment; nutrient setting in which microorganisms are cultivated; appropriate occupation or means of expression; channel of communication; compromise; middle position between extremes; intervening substance through which something else is transmitted
s lunatic
insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
formality
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
n flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
n cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
n barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
aspirant
seeker after position or status
impromptu
without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment
encumber
burden; N. encumbrance
n garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
n d\'ecollet\'e
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
n atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
n gamut
entire range
meteoric
like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor
s artful
exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice
impassive
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
s creep
move with body close to the ground; move stealthily or slowly; N.
n baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
s impoverish
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
n lampoon
ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution
n coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
n gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
n comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
s toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
n defeatist
resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism
n insalubrious
unwholesome; not healthful; Ex. insalubrious place
ambulatory
able to walk
s spin
rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.
s apiculture
bee-keeping
masochist
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
n bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
graduated
arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)
demise
death
diaphanous
sheer; transparent
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
materialism
preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
s impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
metamorphosis
change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis
n malaise
uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)
discerning
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
s invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
s puzzle
baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.
n blandishment
flattery
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
indicative
suggestive; implying; serving to indicate
laud
praise; N. ADJ. laudable: praiseworthy; ADJ. laudatory: expressing praise
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
n chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
fidelity
loyalty; accuracy
n jocular
said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
egoism
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
adjuration
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
n aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
n mollify
soothe an angry person
s analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
n advert
refer
n anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
n grueling
exhausting; Ex. grueling marathon race
n culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
n draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
s discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
s mantle
loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
n garner
gather; store up; amass
n colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
s pass_off
present falsely; represent falsely to be
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
s scraps
leftover food
malodorous
foul-smelling
emancipate
set free; liberate
s brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
impertinent
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
n gruff
rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse
n lassitude
languor; weariness; listlessness
n morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
n acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
s curfew
regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
n azure
sky blue
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
n garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
n figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
allege
state without proof
s elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
n glutinous
sticky; viscous; gluey
adherent
supporter; follower
n carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
s mystic
of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
s juridical
of the law and its administration; CF. judicial: of courts of law; CF. judiciary
n aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
dynamic
energetic; vigorously active
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
devout
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
s overwhelm
(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; Ex. overwhelmed by grief
n bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
s commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
foresight
ability to foresee future happenings; prudence in providing for the future
catastrophe
calamity ; disaster
n daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
n asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
n heyday
time of greatest success or power; prime
s deserts
what someone deserves
intractable
unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
insurmountable
overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable
incriminate
accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; Ex. incriminating evidence
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
bantering
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
fallible
liable to err
n musky
having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
n isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
n inebriated
habitually intoxicated; drunk; N. inebriety
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
n instigate
start; urge; provoke; incite; Ex. instigate a search/quarrel
inconsistency
state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible
inhibit
restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; N. inhibition
effigy
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
drudgery
hard unpleasant work; menial work
hierarchy
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
n epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
s kneel
go down on one's knee(s)
diva
operatic singer; prima donna
s sheer
pure; thin and transparent; very steep
n churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
s institute
organization for a special purpose; V: establish
n flotsam
drifting wreckage
migratory
wandering; V. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another
s exquisite
delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry
n flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
n lagoon
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
n continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
n abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
cumbersome
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
n bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
economy
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
n cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
n aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
s graduate
arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); Ex. graduated ruler
n lull
moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby
incite
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
n maelstrom
violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream
n debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
cordial
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
incorporate
introduce something into a larger whole; include; embody; give material form to; ADJ.
n menial
suitable for servants; lowly; mean; N: someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)
s dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
impediment
hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech impediment
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
s judiciary
judicial branch of government
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
n habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
analogy
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
n chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
n filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
n bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
grotesque
fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)
n avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
s collected
composed; calm; self-possessed
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
compliance
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
n bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
n ferret
drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes
emissary
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
n heckler
person who verbally harasses others; V. heckle: verbally harass as with gibes (by interrupting a speaker or speech)
n elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
discredit
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
discrete
separate; unconnected
hindrance
block; obstacle; V. hinder
dilute
make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president
n libertine
debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; CF. free
extrovert
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
s castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
denizen
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
s sovereignty
complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
s brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
eugenic
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
s pronounced
distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp
n conclave
private secret meeting
ameliorate
improve
creed
system of religious or ethical belief
s willowy
flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow
s chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
s righteous
morally upright; just
analogous
comparable; similar
misapprehension
error; misunderstanding; V. misapprehend
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
s havoc
widespread damage; disorder; chaos
n mettle
courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
lofty
very high
s scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
insurgent
rebellious; N.
n extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
loquacious
talkative; N. loquacity
n ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
s bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
n masticate
chew
n mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid
n inkling
hint; slight indication
n cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
s concordat
formal agreement
n dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
s stumble
trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.
illuminate
brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten; enable to understand; Ex. illuminating remarks
n felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
n epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
n carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
n fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
incompatible
inharmonious; N. incompatibility
s grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
n mire
entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire
append
attach
homespun
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
imminent
impending; near at hand
hypercritical
excessively exacting; too critical (without noticing good qualities)
n brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
delirium
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
caricature
distortion; burlesque
august
impressive; majestic
n gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
incidental
not essential; minor; N: something incidental
humane
marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian
n mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
affiliation
joining; associating with
s intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
s magistrate
official with power to administer the law
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
generality
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
depravity
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
s finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
harry
harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid
s broil
cook by direct heat; N.
n gruesome
grisly; horrible
defection
desertion
s shed
small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves
n illimitable
infinite; limitless
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
n luxuriant
abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate; rich and splendid; fertile; Ex. luxuriant forests/prose; CF. luxurious, luxuriate
n mishap
unfortunate accident
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
deify
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
n impregnable
invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; Ex. impregnable fort/argument; CF. take
n bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
s fertile
producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; V. fertilize
disparate
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
n indemnify
make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured
delusive
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
n codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
n braggadocio
boasting
manifest
evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly
evince
show clearly
invert
turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of
germinate
cause to sprout; sprout
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car
n imperious
domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor
s chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
s clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
n leaven
add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens
disparity
difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity
n agape
openmouthed
s charm
quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; V: attract; cast a spell on; bewitch
n mote
small speck (esp. of dust)
n allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
n disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
n astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
s effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
n bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
entity
real being
s ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
n gouge
overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury
s arboreal
of or living in trees
languid
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
metropolis
large city
s litter
waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); V: cover untidily with scattered litter
matriarch
woman who rules a family or larger social group
finite
limited
embrace
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
n gratis
free; without charge; ADJ.
definitive
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
n facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
n grovel
crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
imply
suggest a meaning not expressed; signify
n bolster
support; reinforce
n immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
fluency
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
n fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
n cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
comestible
something fit to be eaten
n distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
n amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
isotope
varying from of an element
s executioner
person administering capital punishment
n hortatory
encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; CF. exhort
n larceny
theft; Ex. petit larceny
n fiasco
total failure; CF. bottle
n gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
s emasculate
weaken; castrate
n hiatus
gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break
irrepressible
unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back
composure
mental calmness
s reduce
diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction
n finesse
delicate skill; V: handle with finesse
s primary
first in rank or importance; principal; earliest in time; Ex. primary stages; N. CF. first
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
abjure
renounce upon oath
formidable
menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question
gratuity
tip
imperial
like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism
loiter
hang about/around; stand idly about; linger
n chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
indict
charge; N. indictment
destitute
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
n equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
germane
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
dilemma
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
n inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
impetuous
violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
n filch
steal (things of small value)
hedonist
one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; CF. hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure
n abash
embarrass
s florescence
condition or period of flowering
lament
grieve; express sorrow; N. lamentation
n discount
disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost
discrepancy
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
allocate
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
n apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
s primal
first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; Ex. man's primal innocence
n foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
n interrogate
question closely; cross-examine; cross-question
counterpart
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
s urge
drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action
abbreviate
shorten
crypt
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
n chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
n foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
n canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
n fete(f\^ete)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
n frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
efface
rub out; remove the surface of
s rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
n libido
psychic and emotional energy or urges behind human activity; sexual desire
n laceration
torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound
s alms
money or goods given to the poor
n kleptomaniac
person who has a compulsive desire to steal
s exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
n hallowed
blessed; consecrated; Ex. hallowed ground; V. hallow: set apart as holy
n belated
delayed
enclave
territory enclosed within an alien land
n bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
s far-fetched
too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
s mange
skin disease (esp. of domestic animals) marked by loss of hair
n crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
n lurid
wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome; horrible; Ex. lurid details of the murder
graphic
pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described
inherent
firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic
s credential
evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.
s bust
piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster
equity
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
genealogy
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
disfigure
mar the appearance of; spoil
n bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
n beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
n drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
s vivid
(of light or color) bright and distinct; evoking lifelike mental images; Ex. vivid red hair/description
s mutter
utter (complaining words) indistinctly in low tones
n marsupial
one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
n levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
multilingual
having many languages; fluent in several languages
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
n fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.
fundamental
basic; primary; essential
n episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
n cursive
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
antecedents
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
s crave
desire; want intensely
glacial
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg
corpulent
very fat; N. corpulence
n censorious
severely critical
n mauve
pale purple
n discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
n ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
exult
rejoice
n cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
n docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
celerity
speed; rapidity
n interloper
intruder; one who interferes
s contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
avarice
greediness for wealth
iota
very small quantity
fumble
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
n betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
n disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
decelerate
slow down
incorrigible
uncorrectable
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
annihilate
destroy
n knave
untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; N. knavery
incongruity
lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate
impalpable
imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible
n fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
s decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
n brackish
somewhat saline
s fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
s noose
loop formed in a rope
affidavit
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
maxim
proverb; truth pithily stated
n descry
catch sight of (something distant)
s enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
cynical
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
s disproportion
lack of proportion (between the parts); ADJ. disproportionate
empirical
based on experience
insolvent
bankrupt; lacking money to pay; N. insolvency
s Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
n expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
n archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
n chicanery
trickery; deception
desolate
(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless
immutable
unchangeable
ablution
washing
n largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
s graze
(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound
agitate
stir up; disturb
amnesia
loss of memory
n debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
avuncular
of or like an uncle
s headfirst
moving with the head leading; headlong
log
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.
s compulsive
resulting from compulsion
n conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
n luscious
pleasing to taste or smell; delicious
s proverb
adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially
indiscriminate
choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions
cloister
monastery or convent
s freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
s flowery
full of flowers; full of ornate expressions
ingrained
deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ingrained dirt/prejudice
s topple
become unsteady and fall down
n disgruntle
make discontented
n facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
exalt
raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation
n awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
s overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
n importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
leonine
like a lion
n bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
s casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
s lionize
treat (a person) as a celebrity
n mock
ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
n lumen
unit of light energy (one candle's worth)
n mortician
undertaker; CF. death
s menace
threat; V: threaten
s totem
animal, plant, or natural object serving as a symbol of a clan or family; representation of this; Ex. totem pole
inclusive
tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge
s speechless
unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger
foreshadow
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
dissuade
persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion
n agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
hieroglyphic
picture writing; ADJ.
n fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
n aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
s feature
distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent
n deleterious
harmful
n motif
theme; recurrent thematic element in a musical or literary work; single or repeated pattern; figure
epic
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand
n elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
n bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down
s loft
room or space under the roof; attic
encroachment
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
n gentility
those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel
n downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
n hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
distend
expand; swell out
indignation
anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant
n aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
n gargantuan
huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel
n defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
n bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
anomaly
irregularity
n galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
n girth
distance around something; circumference
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
n bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
n endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
s liquidate
settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish
brochure
pamphlet
n disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
diffidence
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
n declivity
downward slope
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
n haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
citadel
fortress
s resourceful
clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness
n factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
generate
cause; produce; create
gravity
seriousness; ADJ. grave
n astral
relating to the stars
n hubbub
confused uproar; loud noise; din
n bilk
swindle; cheat
devise
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
impenitent
not repentant
ignite
kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to
n equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
s recital
act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)
s smug
self-satisfied; complacent
s bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
n bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
s miniature
small model; small painting; ADJ: small
delta
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
s overturn
turn over; capsize; topple
s acne
skin disease (on the face)
n ethnic
relating to races
s dys-
abnormal; impaired
n bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
n hydrophobia
fear of water; rabies
n fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
n bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
n exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
n fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat
credence
belief
n insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
s habitat
natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
consign
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
consonance
harmony; agreement
entreat
plead; ask earnestly
n alcove
nook; recess
n gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
s career
rush wildly; go at full speed
n manifestation
outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent
accord
agreement
n amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
diminution
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
n gainsay
deny
n macabre
gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
expedite
hasten; make go faster
n feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
n intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
s desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
aversion
firm dislike
n culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
n haven
place of safety; refuge; harbor; Ex. tax haven
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
n gaffe
social blunder
n extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
extrinsic
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
n dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
marked
noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man
n Machiavellian
crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power
n misgivings
doubts
embryonic
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
s sterile
incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
n ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
n acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
s smudge
dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.
convention
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
n contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
ineffectual
not effective; not having a desired effect; weak
misdemeanor
minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
implication
something hinted at or suggested; implying; implicating
n junket
trip especially one taken for pleasure by an official at public expense
belligerent
quarrelsome
n megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
n drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
illusory
illusive; deceptive; not real
bureaucracy
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
s token
outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
s shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
haphazard
random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town
n eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
n cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
contempt
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
indolent
lazy
amplify
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
s outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
imperceptible
unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable
n boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
eccentricity
oddity; idiosyncrasy
s marginal
of a margin; barely within a limit; Ex. marginal effect/writing ability
intervene
come between; interfere; Ex. intervened to prevent a fight; N. intervention
n buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
irrefutable
indisputable; incontrovertible; undeniable
n legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
n limpid
crystal clear
n ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
memorialize
commemorate
enhance
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
n disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
incoherent
unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent
fanaticism
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic
hypothetical
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
impede
hide; retard or obstruct the progress of; block
s flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
s ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
s mime
pantomime(act without dialogue); mimicry; mimer; V: mimic; pantomime
n blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
compilation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
n apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
n enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
n capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
n clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
n lucre
money; profit; Ex. filthy lucre
acclimate
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
n muster
gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.
manifesto
public declaration of principles; statement of policy
manacle
restrain; handcuff; N.
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
n gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
s prime
period of ideal or peak condition; earliest or beginning stage; Ex. in the prime of life; Ex. prime of the year(spring); ADJ: first in importance or rank; first; V: make ready; prepare
n lurk
stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived
eccentric
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
n acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
n loom
appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth
s Elysium
place or condition of bliss
n dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
introvert
one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; ADJ. introverted
s misconduct
immoral behavior; bad management; V.
kernel
central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)
n buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
n apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
implode
burst inward; CF. vaccum tube
s convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
n enunciate
announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.
n hoodwink
deceive; delude
s figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.
n jurisprudence
science of law
n canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
n furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
incur
bring upon oneself
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
s fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
n humus
substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; CF. soil
adjacent
adjoining; neighboring; close by
benediction
blessing
cascade
small waterfall
s toll
sound (a large bell) slowly at regular intervals; N: sound of a bell; fixed tax or charge
n misadventure
mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
disperse
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
n corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
n belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
n maim
mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life
epoch
period of time
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
etymology
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
discordant
not harmonious; conflicting
impetus
moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
s sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
n cleft
N: split
dissection
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
baffle
frustrate; perplex
s trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
lethargic
drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
extirpate
root up; uproot; destroy completely
n geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
exorcise
drive out evil spirits
n factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
ironic
expressing irony; occurring in an unexpected and contrary manner
n dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
adorn
decorate
n captious
faultfinding; too critical
n agog
highly excited; intensely curious
intellect
higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability
n lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
extant
(of something written or painted) still in existence
n hue_and_cry
outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule
s engulf
surround and swallow up
s urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
n lexicographer
compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
n dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
n apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
s pedigree
line of ancestors; ancestry; lineage; ADJ. (of an animal) descended from of a chosen family; Ex. pedigree dog; CF. crane's foot
invalidate
weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify
s stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
n emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
n lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
n dirge
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
n mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity
chaotic
in utter disorder
momentous
very important; N. moment; CF. momentary
n ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
n hindmost
furthest behind; farthest to the rear
n forebears(forbears)
ancestors
malingerer
one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work
incontrovertible
indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable
n itinerary
plan of a trip; record of a trip
monetary
pertaining to money
s ego
one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem
n ignominy
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; ADJ. ignominious; Ex. ignominous defeat
s sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions
lucrative
profitable; producing wealth
n madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
kindle
start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
s bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
improvident
thriftless; not providing for the future
n calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
n figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
n molten
melted; Ex. molten lava
insubordination
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
n exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
n carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
s brag
boast
complementary
serving to complete something
n lexicon
dictionary
s fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
s consternation
great shock; dismay
exposure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
n abut
border upon; adjoin
consort
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
n igneous
produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite
guile
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile
n liability
drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
n aloft
upward; high up in the air
n cow
terrorize; intimidate
encomiastic
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
n boorish
rude; insensitive
s suitor
man who is courting a woman
s sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
s layman
man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional
n impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
s mongrel
plant or animal (esp. a dog) of mixed breed; ADJ.
s trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
n marred
damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
dishearten
discourage
n mercurial
capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
n matrix
point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; Ex. the matrix of Western civilization
irrelevant
not applicable; unrelated
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
n behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
n murky
dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom
s engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
n medley
mixture
n musty
stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist
s finished
properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance
d\'ebris
rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed
infantile
childish; infantlike
eulogistic
praising; full of eulogy
generic
characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus
friction
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
implausible
unlikely (to be true); unbelievable; Ex. implausible alibi
s helm
steering wheel of a ship; position of control
n exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
n glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
n cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote; ±â±ÇÇÏ´Ù
equilibrium
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
consanguinity
kinship; relationship by birth
n loath
reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
inadvertently
unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
divine
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
n clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
insurrection
rebellion; uprising
n clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
detonation
explosion
n evenhanded
impartial; fair
exacting
extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety
n headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
n jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
n betroth
become engaged to marry
s functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
n metallurgical
pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores
deranged
insane
n collage
work of art put together from fragments
integrity
honesty; uprightness; wholeness; state of being whole and undivided; completeness
n dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
s plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded

Deck Info

2986

permalink