This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

List - A

This is Barron's word list for GRE. I have prepared this flash card for self preparation.

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
ambulatory
able to walk
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant; "They are in danger of losing their political ascendancy (= controlling power)." "Supporters of the proposal are currently in the ascendancy (over its opponents) (= are more powerful than them). "
admonish
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove; "His mother admonished him for eating too quickly." "Her teacher admonished her to work harder for her exams."
allude
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference; "He alluded to the problem but did not mention it"
accost
approach and speak first to a person; "I'm usually accosted by beggars and drunks as I walk to the station."
amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
annul
make void; "His second marriage was annulled because he never divorced his first wife." "Judges only grant marriage annulments in exceptional circumstances." "The discovery of the election fraud has led to the annulment of 50 000 votes."
affiliation
joining; associating with
alcove
nook; recess;a small space in a room, formed by one part of a wall being further back than the parts on each side; "We've put some bookshelves in the alcove."
apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
apprehensive
fearful; discerning; "It's normal to feel a little apprehension before starting a new job." "There is some apprehension in the office about who the new director will be." "I'm a bit apprehensive about tomorrow's meeting."
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances; "The film centres around the amorous adventures/exploits of its handsome hero." "Amanda had rejected his amorous advances."
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
ascetic
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval; "to make animadversions on someone's conduct." "entertained serious animadversions concerning the U.S.S.R. and its behavior on the international scene"
afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority; "He was a poet, an anarchist and a vegan." "an anarchist group/slogan/bookshop" "anarchist tendencies/demonstrations"
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in; "The microphone converts acoustic waves to electrical signals for transmission." "an acoustic guitar" "The concert was recorded in a French church that is famous for its acoustics."
apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia "There are few apologists for the old system. "
apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
apiary
a place where bees are kept
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality; "Although he was raised a Catholic, he was an agnostic for most of his adult life."
adjuration
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
attentive
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration; "He was very attentive to her when she was ill." "A good teacher is always attentive to their students' needs."
alchemy
medieval chemistry
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.; "She rushed in, her face red and sweaty and her hat awry." "Anything that goes awry (= goes wrong) in the office is blamed on Pete."
astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
abolish
cancel; put an end to; "I think bullfighting should be abolished." "National Sevice was abolished in Britain in 1962." "William Wilberforce campaigned for the abolition of slavery."
abridge
condense or shorten
atheistic
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
avantgarde
group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard; "New York is the international capital of the musical avantgarde."
ameliorate
improve; "Foreign aid is badly needed to ameliorate the effects of the drought."
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging; "The new policies fail to accommodate the disabled." "We always try to accommodate (= help) our clients with financial assistance if necessary." "Some find it hard to accommodate themselves to the new working conditions." "I'm sure she'll help you - she's always very accommodating."
abeyance
suspended action; "Let's hold that problem in abeyance for a while." "held the plan in abeyance."
avow
declare openly; N. avowal; "He avowed that he regretted what he had done."
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
apposite
appropriate; fitting
attenuate
make thin; weaken
affected
artificial; pretended; "To all his problems she affected indifference." "At university he affected an upper-class accent." "an affected manner/style of writing" "I found her very affected."
aspirant
seeker after position or status
ambush
act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; Ex. lie in ambush; V.
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position; "I hoped I would find the computer course a useful adjunct to my other studies."
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on "It is an illness which afflicts women more than men." "a country afflicted by civil war " "Malnutrition is one of the common afflictions of the poor. "
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
antler
bony growth on the head of a deer; "a pair of antlers"
anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
abode
dwelling place; home; "The defendant is of no fixed abode (= has no permanent home)."
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism; "She's not known for her altruism." "I doubt whether her motives for donating the money are altruistic - she's probably looking for publicity."
acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
annuity
yearly allowance; "annuity policy/income" "She receives a small annuity."
accomplice
partner in crime
amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.; "I could see by the look on their faces that something was amiss."
aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle; "Isn't that picture slightly askew?" "My hat was askew so I adjusted it in the mirror."
alimentary
supplying nourishment
argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
annihilate
destroy
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event; "He told one or two amusing anecdotes about his years as a policeman."
atrophy
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.; "Gorillas, chimpanzees and gibbons are all anthropoid apes, having long arms, no tails and highly developed brains."
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
allege
state without proof
asteroid
small planet
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
apparent
evident; easily seen or understood; appearing as such; Ex. apparent improvement
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
alleviate
relieve (pain); "The drugs did nothing to alleviate her pain/suffering." "the alleviation of poverty"
aversion
firm dislike; "I felt an instant aversion to his parents." "She has a deep aversion to getting up in the morning." "Greed is my pet aversion (= the thing I dislike most of all)."
amenities
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies; "public amenities." "basic amenities"
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler "The company has been the subject of an arbitrary take-over."
adventitious
accidental; casual; happening by chance; "they had to decide whether his misconduct was adventitious or the result of a flaw in his character"
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly; "He was ambling along the beach." "She ambled down the street, stopping occasionally to look in the shop windows." "There's nothing I enjoy more than a leisurely amble across the moor."
abate
subside or moderate
archipelago
group of closely located islands; "the Hawaiian archipelago"
advocate
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for; "She advocates taking a more long-term view." "He advocates the return of capital punishment." "He's a strong advocate of state ownership of the railways." "She is renowned for her advocacy of human rights."
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something; "She is renowned for her advocacy of human rights."
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics; hint: anthro -> man
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N. "an ancillary pump" "an anciliary police force." "The hospital has an anciliary power system in case of a blackout." "The mind and emotions are anciliary to each other. Passion is anciliary to art."
audit
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner; "She was acquitted of all the charges against her." "Five months ago he was acquitted on a shoplifting charge." "The first trial ended in a hung jury, the second in acquittal." "Of the three cases that went to trial, two ended in acquittals."
avuncular
of or like an uncle
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement; "His manner was perfectly amicable but I felt uncomfortable." "Few people have amicable divorces." "Eventually we reached an amicable settlement."
abjure
renounce upon oath; "He abjured his religion/his life of dissipation."
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
analogy
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner); "He called the new building unoriginal and said that it merely aped the classical traditions."
approbation
approval; "The council has finally indicated its approbation of the plans."
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. "The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years"; N: strong expression of approval and praise
abbreviate
shorten
archetype
prototype; primitive pattern; original; "The United States is the archetype of a federal society."
agenda
items of business at a meeting
aloft
upward; high up in the air
adamant
hard; inflexible
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
adjacent
adjoining; neighboring; close by
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
artful
exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice; "He has shown himself to be an artful politician." "The prime minister dealt with the interviewer's questions in a very artful way."
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of; "Disagreements can alienate teenagers from their families." "Depressed people frequently feel a sense of alienation from those around them."
apathy
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. "He was sunk in apathy after his failure"; ADJ. apathetic "Young people today are so apathetic about politics." "Don't be so apathetic - how are you going to get a job if you don't even write a letter?" "widespread apathy among students"
abash
embarrass
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
annex
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
animosity
active enmity; "Of course we're competitive but there's no personal animosity between us." "In spite of his injuries, he bears no animosity towards his attackers." "The European Community helped France and Germany forget the old animosities between them."
auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
accord
agreement; "On 31 May the two leaders signed a peace accord." "Before 1987, the accord between the Labour government and the unions was a simple affair." "The project is completely in accord with government policy." "In accordance with her wishes, she was buried in France."
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly; "an amiable disposition." "an amiable greeting" "an amiable gathering."
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
artisan
a manually skilled worker
artifice
deception; trickery
alias
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias; "Eric Blair, alias George Orwell." "a spy operating under the alias Barsad."
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate "He lost his job when he was found to have appropriated some of the company's money. "
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved; "Minelli is a born performer - she loves the excitement and she loves the adulation." "I found myself irritated by the adulatory (= showing too much admiration) tone of her biography."
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
accessory
additional object; useful but not essential thing; someone who helps another person to commit a crime but does not take part in it; "an accessory to murder" "She wore a green wool suit with matching accessories (= shoes, hat, bag, etc.)."
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
apprehend
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok "when the restaurant caught fire the patrons ran amuck, blocking the exit" "rioters running amuck and throwing sticks and bottles and stones"
adjourn
suspend until a later time; move from one place to another; "The meeting was adjourned until Tuesday." "Shall we adjourn for lunch?" "Shall we adjourn to the sitting room for coffee?"
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history; "The signing of the Treaty of Rome was the greatest event in the annals of European integration." "Quite whether he will go down in the annals of American history (= be considered) as a great leader remains to be seen."
aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
antiquity
quality of being very old; ancient times;
attest
testify; bear witness
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination; "The suspect affirmed (that) he had been at home all evening." "She affirmed her intention to apply for the post" "The government has affirmed its commitment to equal rights." "We welcome the government's affirmation of its intention to act."
application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N. "an archaic system of government"
awful
terrible; very bad
apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
appall
dismay; shock deeply
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
affidavit
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
archives
public records; place where public records are kept
adherent
supporter; follower
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics "The new building has little aesthetic value/appeal." "I like objects to be both functional and aesthetically pleasing." "The ugliness of the city would make an aesthete like you shudder."
arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive; "The desert is so arid that nothing can grow there." "After several arid years, the company has started to become successful."
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
ablution
washing
arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering; "His anguish at the outcome of the court case was very clear." "In her anguish she forgot to leave a message."
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
aptitude
fitness; talent
amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount); "She has amassed a huge fortune from her novels." "Some of his colleagues envy the enormous wealth that he has amassed."
apparition
ghost; phantom
affluence
abundance; wealth; "What we are seeing increasingly is a society of private affluence and public squalor."
Advent
arrival
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
atypical
not normal; not typical
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
abhor
detest; hate; "I abhor all forms of racism." "an abhorrent crime" "Racism of any kind is abhorrent to me." "She looked at him in/with abhorrence." "She has an abhorrence of change."
augment
increase; add to; "He would have to find work to augment his income."
assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus; "an anthology of modern quotations/American verse"
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals); "Most political prisoners were freed under the terms of the amnesty." "The government refused to declare an amnesty for people who had not paid the disputed tax."
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete "The fund was increased by the accretion of new shareholders." "The room hadn't been cleaned for years and showed several accretions of dirt and dust."
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy; "In those days apostasy was punishable by death."
antiseptic
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale; "Julie walked in, ashen-faced with shock."
antique
made in an earlier period and usu. valuable; N: object that was made in an earlier period and that is rare or valuable
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement; "aggrandize one argument while belittling another."
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder; "What we are witnessing is the country's slow slide into anarchy." "The country has been in a state of anarchy since the inconclusive election." "If the pay deal isn't settled amicably there'll be anarchy in the factories."
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done ; "rent arrears" "My account is badly in arrears." "They are in arrears on/with their mortgage payments."
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize "Credit controls are anathema to the government." "For older employees, the new system is an anathema."
acclimate
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment; "Once the directors have given their assent to the proposal we can begin." "She nodded her assent to the proposal."
assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
arboreal
of or living in trees
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
agitate
stir up; disturb
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition; "an amorphous mass of jelly"
asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
anoint
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
adversity
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event; a difficult or unlucky situation or event; "She was always cheerful in adversity." "The road to happiness is paved with adversities."
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
antidote
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles; "Regular exercise is the best antidote to tiredness and depression."
aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified; "He looked at her aghast."
assiduous
diligent
addiction
compulsive habitual need
amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
avenge
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
abut
border upon; adjoin; "This piece of land abuts on a street."
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
assuage
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse "apocalyptic visions of a nuclear confrontation" "apocalyptic warnings about our destruction of the environment"
ambrosia
food of the gods; a very pleasant food; "The chocolate mousse she makes is sheer ambrosia (= tastes extremely good)."
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
attire
clothe; N: clothing; array; apparel
amnesia
loss of memory; "In his later life he suffered periods of amnesia."
animated
lively; spirited; "A sparkle in his eyes animated his face whenever he smiled." "There was an extremely animated discussion on the subject." "They must have been having an interesting conversation - they both looked very animated." "She spoke with great animation about her latest discoveries."
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
antecede
precede
appellation
name; title
azure
sky blue
ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
amoral
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong "Humans, he argues, are amoral and what guides them is not any sense of morality but an instinct for survival."
agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap; "an agglomeration of various ethnic and religious groupings"
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
arbitrate
act as judge (at the request of both sides); "I've been asked to arbitrate between the opposing sides." "An outside adviser has been brought in to arbitrate the dispute between the management and the union."
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly; "You need to have agile fingers to do this kind of work." "Monkeys are very agile climbers." "He's got the agility of a mountain goat." "For a man of 80, he has a remarkably agile mind." "This job requires considerable mental agility."
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
abscond
depart secretly and hide
abominate
loathe; hate
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal; "airy rooms" "airy theories about socioeconomic improvement" "Airy talks"
anomaly
irregularity; "there are a number of anomalies in the present system" " the apparent anomaly that those who produced the wealth were the poorest" " the position abounds in anomaly."
abysmal
bottomless, very bad;"abysmal working conditions" "The food was abysmal." "The standard of the students' work is abysmal." "an abysmally poor book"
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down; rude and unfriendly;"She has a rather abrasive manner." "You'll need a strong abrasive for cleaning this sink."
adhere
stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality
armada
fleet of warships; "The Spanish Armada was sent by the king of Spain to invade England in 1588."
amazon
female warrior
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
allegiance
loyalty; "those wishing to receive citizenship must swear allegiance to the republic" "Soldiers must swear allegiance to the Crown/the King." "In many American schools, the students pledge allegiance (to the flag) at the beginning of the school day."
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assuranc
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
accelerate
move faster
acknowledge
recognize; admit; "They refused to acknowledge (= to recognize officially) the new government." "He didn't even acknowledge my presence (= show that he had seen me)."
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
apiculture
bee-keeping
aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
aegis
shield; protection; defense; "The project was set up under the aegis of the university."
arboretum
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance; "She accepted the money with alacrity."
array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
atone
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for; "The country's leader has expressed a wish to atone for his actions in the past. "
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
abrogate
abolish; "The treaty was abrogated in 1929."
apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism "a man of absolute integrity/discretion" "I have absolute faith in her judgment." "There was no absolute proof of fraud." "He's an absolute idiot!" "That's absolute rubbish!"
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity; "an audacious remark/suggestion"
amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
aver
state confidently; declare as true
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand; "an abstruse philosophical essay"
abyss
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated; "It will take many years to modernise these antiquated industries." "Compared with modern satellite dishes, ordinary TV aerials look positively antiquated." "antiquated ideas/attitudes/values" "antiquated laws/machinery/technology"
apiarist
person who keeps bees
astral
relating to the stars
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness; "The girl was aphasic because of brain damage suffered during a difficult birth."
anchor
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage; someone or something that gives support when needed; "She was my anchor when things were difficult for me." "This treaty has been called the anchor (= strongest part) of their foreign policy." "The anchorage point (= fixing point) for the seat belt is not adjustable." "The bay is well-known as a safe anchorage (= place to anchor)."
aberrant
abnormal or deviant; "aberrant behaviour/sexuality"
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
adversary
opponent; enemy; "He saw her as his main adversary within the company." "In the old days of two-party adversarial politics, voting was easy."
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful; "the debate has been largely academic."
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally; "He regarded the comments as an affront to his dignity." "I was most affronted by his comments." "an affronted look/glance"
alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
allay
calm; pacify; "The government is desperately trying to allay public fears/concern about the spread of the disease."
adept
expert at; very skilled
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand); "an adroit reaction/answer/movement of the hand" "She became adroit at dealing with difficult questions."
august
impressive; majestic
antecedents
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background; "Charles Babbage's mechanical calculating engines were the antecedents of the modern computer." "Many people feel a great curiosity to find out about their antecedents."
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote;
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone); "The letters show the acerbic wit for which Parker was both admired and feared."
awl
pointed tool used for piercing
acrophobia
fear of heights
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water; "an alluvial plain" "Some alluvial deposits are a rich source of diamonds"
adorn
decorate; "The bride's hair was adorned with pearls and white flowers."
amplify
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
ancestry
family descent; ADJ. ancestral; "He was proud of his Native American ancestry." "His wife was of royal ancestry." "The family has traced its ancestry back to the Norman invaders."
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
astronomical
enormously large or extensive; "an astronomical rent/bill/price/fee " "Oil prices have risen astronomically (= by a lot) since the early 70s."
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
adage
wise saying; proverb
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful; " the goalkeeper was sent off for using abusive language" "he became quite abusive and swore at her." "an abusive letter/telephone call" "He was apparently abusive to the flight attendants because they refused to serve him alcohol."
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate; "an abstemious life." "an abstemious diet." "The hermit led an abstemious way of life." "One abstemious day."
agape
openmouthed; "We watched, our mouths agape in excitement."
assail
assault; "The victim had been assailed with repeated blows to the head and body." "He was assailed with insults and abuse as he left the court." "to be assailed by doubts/fears/problems"
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech; "He addressed a few introductory remarks to the audience." "He likes to be addressed as 'Sir' or 'Mr Partridge'." "She gave an address to the Royal Academy." "The issue of funding has yet to be addressed."
artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions; "I felt very ambivalent about leaving home." "He has fairly ambivalent feelings towards his father." "an ambivalent attitude to exercise" "her ambivalence towards men"
allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable; "The play can be read as allegory." "Saint Augustine's 'City of God' is an allegory of the triumph of Good over Evil."
advert
refer; "He adverted briefly to the news of the day." "The committee adverted to the business at hand." "The board next adverted to compensation issues." " He adverted to the problem in the opening paragraph."
apprise
inform; "The President has been apprised of the situation."
avarice
greediness for wealth
alloy
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
asylum
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations; "The two groups had lived in perfect amity for many years before the recent troubles."
apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg); "I think my brain's been addled by the heat!" "I'm afraid my sun-addled (= confused) brain couldn't make any sense of the instructions."
actuary
someone who advises insurance companies
acne
skin disease (on the face); "Acne is the curse of adolescence."
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent; "Clouds of acrid smoke issued from the building."
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
accede
agree; "He graciously acceded to our request." "It is doubtful whether the government will ever accede to the nationalists' demands for independence."; accede to the throne/accede to power to become king or queen, or to take a position of power; "The diaries were written in 1837 when Queen Victoria acceded to the throne."
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
abscission
cutting off; separation
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better; "MPs were urged to amend the law to prevent another oil tanker disaster." "In line 20, 'men' should be amended (= changed) to 'people'." "Until the constitution is amended, the power to appoint ministers will remain with the president."
adjoin
be next to; "adjoining area"
acetic
vinegary
antagonism
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist "There's a history of antagonism between the two teams." "the antagonism towards neighbouring states" "the historic antagonisms between the countries of western Europe" "The antagonists in this dispute are quite unwilling to compromise." "He's extremely antagonistic towards all critics." "It's a very delicate situation and I've no wish to antagonize him."
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes; "The annotation of literary texts makes them more accessible." "The revised edition of the book includes many useful annotations."
affable
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
absolve
pardon (an offense); "The report absolved her from/of all blame for the accident." "The priest absolved him (of all his sins)." "She was granted/given absolution."
alms
money or goods given to the poor
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
altercation
noisy quarrel; "According to witnesses, the altercation between the two men started inside the restaurant."
artless
without guile; open and honest; ""Why did you take the money?" she asked the child. "Because I wanted it, " came the artless reply."
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
anomalous
abnormal; irregular; "Statistical anomalies can make it difficult to compare economic data from one year to the next." "The anomaly of the social security system is that you sometimes have more money without a job." "In a multicultural society is it not anomalous to have a blasphemy law which only protects one religious faith?"
arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting; "When you really look forward to something it's often an anticlimax when it actually happens." "Coming home after a trip somewhere is always a bit of an anticlimax." "Even when you win a match there's often a sense of anticlimax - you always feel you could have played better. "
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
allocate
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
authenticate
prove genuine
anachronism
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic "For some people, marriage is an anachronism from the days when women needed to be protected." "He described the law as anachronistic (= more suitable for an earlier time) and ridiculous."
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect; "He abased his head." ""He abased his colleague by criticising him in front of the boss""
allure
entice; attract; tempt; "the allure of working in television" "sexual allure"
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
append
attach
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest; "Reluctantly, he acquiesced to/in the plans." "She has a very acquiescent nature (= agrees to everything without complaining)." "I was surprised by her acquiescence to/in the scheme."
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself; "I do the same route to work every day, like some sort of automaton."
amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
analogous
comparable; similar
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage " to abet a swindler" "to abet a crime." "abetted the thief in robbing the bank."
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble;opiate; ADJ. Ex. "anodyne statement" "The music was an anodyne to his grief." "anodyne novels about country life." "the anodyne properties of certain drugs"
arraign
charge in court; indict
addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something; "One of the large paintings showed the Apotheosis of the Emperor Trajan." "Bad taste in clothes reached its apotheosis in the 1970s."
antithesis
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical; "She is slim and shy - the very antithesis of her sister." "He is the exact antithesis of what I find attractive in men." "Thanks to the collapse of communism the political antithesis between Left and Right is less important."

Deck Info

382

permalink