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SAT Vocab #1-3

Terms

undefined, object
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abstemious
(adj) characterized by self-denial or abstinence, as in the use of drink or food
gratuitous
(adj) without cause or justification; uncalled for
bane
(n) the cause of distress, death, or ruin
affable
(adj) pleasant and easy to approach; friendly
galvanize
(v) to stimulate as if by electric shock; startle; excite; to imbue with life or animation
disconsolate
(adj) so unhappy that nothing will comfort; inconsolable
adamant
(adj) not giving in or relenting; unyielding
efface
(v) to obliterate
hindrance
(n) an obstacle
gamut
(n) the whole range or sequence
enigmatic
(adj) perplexing; baffling
germane
(adj) relevant
facetious
(adj) joking or trying to be humorous at an inappropriate time
deleterious
(adj) harmful to health, well-being; injurious
euphonious
(adj) having a pleasant sound; harmonious
abstruse
(adj) hard to understand; deep; complex
ambidextrous
(adj) able to use both hands with equal skill or ease
capitulate
(v) to surrender; give up
contemporaneous
(adj) living, occurring, or existing at the same time
abeyance
(n) a state of suspension or temporary inaction
coherent
(adj) capable of logical, intelligible speech, thought, etc.
aesthetics
(n) the study or theory of beauty and of the psychological responses to it; specifically, the branch of philosophy dealing with art, its creative sources, its forms, and its effects
austere
(adj) having a severe or stern look, manner, etc,; very plain, lacking ornament or luxury
ignoble
(adj) low in character or purpose
garner
(v) to get or earn
exemplary
(adj) serving as a model or example; serve as an example
feasible
(adj) that which may be done, performed, or effected
hypocritical
(adj) practicing hypocrisy
accolade
(n) anything done or given as a sign of great respect, approval, appreciation
corroborate
(v) to make the validity of more certain; confirm; support
extraneous
(adj) having no essential relation to a subject; irrelevant
ambulatory
(adj) of or for walking
exemplify
(v) to show by example; serve as an example
cacophony
(n) harsh, jarring sound or combination of sounds
expedite
(v) to speed up or make easy the progress or action of
abridge
(v) to make shorter in words, keeping the essential features, leaving out minor parts
amorphous
(adj) without determinate shape
avarice
(n) too great a desire to have wealth; greed
acquiescence
(n) passive consent
facilitate
(v) to make more easy
euphony
(n) the quality of having a pleasant sound
anthropomorphous
(adj) having or resembling human form
colloquial
(adj) having to do with common or informal conversation
copious
(adj) plenteous
ambivalent
(adj) feeling simultaneous conflicting feelings
antediluvian
(adj) of the time before the Biblical Flood; very old; old-fashioned or primitive
hypocrisy
(n) a pretending to be what one is not, or to feel what one does not feel; esp. a pretense of virtue
ephemeral
(adj) short-lived; transitory
felicity
(n) a state of happiness
debilitate
(v) to make weak or feeble
benevolent
(adj) doing or inclined to do good; kindly; charitable
effervesce
(v) to bubble up
iconoclast
(n) anyone who attacks or ridicules traditional or venerated institutions or ideas regarded by him as erroneous or based on superstition; an image-breaker
amass
(v) to pile up; to accumulate
acquiesce
(v) to comply; submit
atrophy
(n) a wasting away
archaic
(adj) antiquated; old-fashioned
grandiloquent
(adj) using high-flown, pompous, bombastic words and expressions
apostasy
(n) a total departure from one's faith or religion
apocryphal
(adj) of doubtful authorship or authenticity; not genuine
expeditious
(adj) efficient and speedy; prompt
baneful
(adj) causing distress, death, or ruin
abase
(v) to lower in position, estimation, or the like; degrade
exorbitant
(adj) going beyond what is reasonable, just, proper, usual, etc.; excessive
idiosyncrasy
(n) a mental quality or habit peculiar to an individual; a personal peculiarity
congeal
(v) to thicken; coagulate; jell
capricious
(adj) tending to change abruptly and without apparent reason
convivial
(adj) fond of eating, drinking, and good company; sociable
conflagration
(n) a great fire
didactic
(adj) used or intended for teaching or instruction
ambiguous
(adj) having two or more possible meanings; not clear; uncertain
cognizant
(adj) taking notice; aware or informed of something
confound
(v) to make feel confused; bewilder
connoisseur
(n) a person who has expert knowledge and keen discrimination in some field, esp. in the fine arts or matters of taste
accursed
(adj) doomed to evil, misery, or misfortune
harbinger
(n) a person or thing that comes before to announce or give an indication of what follows
exacerbate
(v) to make more intense or sharp; aggravate (disease, pain, annoyance, etc.)
extemporaneous
(adj) made, done, or spoken without preparation; spoken with some preparation but not written out or memorized
bellicose
(adj) of a quarrelsome or hostile nature; eager to fight; warlike
harangue
(n) a long, blustering, noisy or scolding speech; a tirade
clemency
(n) leniency or mercy, as toward an offender or enemy
cursory
(adj) rapid and superficial
fallacy
(n) a false or mistaken idea, opinion, etc.; error; an error in reasoning; flaw or defect in argument
declension
(n) a falling off or away; decline; deterioration
fallacious
(adj) containing a fallacy; erroneous; misleading or deceptive
hibernal
(adj) pertaining to winter
denouement
(n) the outcome, solution, unraveling, or clarification or a plot in drama, story, etc.
hackneyed
(adj) made trite and commonplace by overuse
gesticulate
(v) to make or use gestures, as in speaking, or in place of speech
altruism
(n) unselfish concern for the welfare of others; selflessness
anachronism
(n) anything occurring or existing out of its proper time
guile
(n) slyness and cunning; craftiness
coalesce
(v) to unite or merge into a single body, group or mass
ameliorate
(v) to relieve, as from pain or hardship
diffidence
(n) lack of confidence in oneself; shyness; timidity
gregarious
(adj) fond of the company of others; sociable
dubious
(adj) doubtful
accede
(v) to agree
circumspect
(adj) showing watchfulness, caution, or careful consideration
ambivalence
(n) simultaneous conflicting feelings toward a person or thing
equilibrium
(n) a state of balance or equality between opposing forces
evanescent
(adj) tending to fade from sight; vanishing
effervescent
(adj) giving off bubbles of gas
garrulous
(adj) given to talking too much, esp. about unimportant things
amity
(n) friendship
banal
(adj) commonplace; dull or stale as because of overuse; trite

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