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English Final Vocab

Terms

undefined, object
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Repetend
the repetition of a word or phrase in different places all throughout the poem.
Reification
a comparison that gives concrete qualities to something abstract
Heroic Couplet
two lines where the last word rhymes and written in iambic parameter; used as stage cues
Dramatic Irony
when the reader has information that the character doesn't have
Stereotype
the assumption that the qualities of one sample represent the entire group.
Sporagmos
the sacrificial spilling on entrails; the disruptive character must die to retain balance.
Aside
a short speech delivered by a character on stage to the audience and not to the other characters on stage. Is sometimes called a stage whisper.
Novel
a work of fiction that includes multiple conflicts, characters, and themes.
Synaesthesia
mixing sensory information
Symbol
where an object or action represents something else.
Stage Cues
directions by the playwright as for the physical movement on stage for the characters.
Epiphany
self-enlightenment or sudden knowledge of the world.
Eye Rhyme
when words look like they should rhyme, but they don't
Flashback
an interruption in the chronological order of events in the story to introduce an event that occurred earlier.
Internal Rhyme
"I bring fresh showers, for the thirsting flowers"
Short Story
a work of fiction that includes one conflict and theme.
Chiasmus
the inversion of grammatical structure or sense
Greek Tragedy
a play composed to emulate the sacrificial ritual of an innocent in order to please the Gods; patterned itself after this ritual: logos, disruption, sporagmos, and restoration of logos.
Consonance
black truck
Irony
difference between appearance and reality
Eye Rhyme
grave, have (example of what)
Tragedy
a play in which a character whose misstep creates disaster or as a result struggle with outside forces struggle. The protagonist is usually well-born, has a good family standing, noble intentions, flaws in character which lead to misstep. The misstep is evident through dramatic and situational irony which leads to disruption, then the character has an epiphany, then downfall revealed through situational irony.
Verbal Irony
a difference between what is said and what is intended.
Falling Action
the effects of the climax on the character.
Caesura
a pause within a line of poetry
Assonance
black hat
Internal Rhyme
when 2 or more words in a line rhyme
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Personification
an action where you give human qualities to something non-human; giving animation to something inanimate.
Metonymy
a special metaphor in which one substitutes a word for something closely related
Analogy
hot is to cold as summer is to winter
End
stop lines of poetry with punctuation
Dilemma
a conflict between two choices that had no apparent resolution
Conceit
an extended metaphor
First Person Point of View
a story in which the narrator participates in the story.
Apostrophe
to speak with something that cannot answer or isn't present.
Paradox
a contradiction where two opposing elements exist
Anaphora
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive lines in poetry
Third Person Omniscient Point of View
the narrator does not participate in the story and focuses upon the thoughts and actions of the main characters.
Oxymoron
jumbo shrimp
Exposition
the introduction to the characters and situation in a work of fiction.
Hyperbole
gross exaggeration
External Conflict
a conflict a character has with an external force.
Pathos
the quality of a character that evokes a feeling of sorrow, pity, or sympathy.
Enjambment
the continuation from one line of poetry to the next without interruption
Static Character
a character that doesn't fundamentally change.
Theme
the central idea of the story that unifies all the elements of the story
Rising Action
events that complicate the conflict
Motivation
the reasons for thought or action.
Alliteration
She sells sea shells by the sea shore.
Catastrophe
the end result that is the demise or death of the principle character.
Foreshadow
a technique when the character hints about things to come in the story.
Stanza
a unit within a poem.
Catharsis
a purging of unwanted desires or emotions.
Hubris
overreaching pride
Synecdoche
a comparison where you substitute a whole for a part or a part for a whole
Ballad
song-like poem that addresses the fictional of nonfictional status of a luminary
Dynamic Character
a character that experiences a fundamental change in value or beliefs
Allusion
a reference within a fictional work to something outside
Proper Irony
a type of verbal irony where the speaker says something that has a double meaning, but he/she is not aware of the double meaning.
Hamartia
in drama, a misstep evident through dramatic and situational irony which leads to a disruption.
Resolution
the eventual outcome of the conflict
Volta
a word or phrase that signals a change in theme or tone.
Scene
the different times and locations in plays
Act
an element of the plot development of the play.
Monologue
a long speech delivered by a character on stage to the other characters on stage. They provide plot summary, background, and/or reveal something about a character.
Chiaroscuro
a combination of light and dark
Soliloquy
a long speech delivered by a character alone on stage to the audience that is meant to represent the innermost thoughts and feelings of a character. There is dramatic irony and the character is delivering info to the audience, but the characters don't know what the character is saying.
Climax
a moment when conflict turns to resolution.
Rhetorical Question
a question in which no answer is expected.
Heroic Couplet
Now, ere the sun advance his burning eye/ The day to cheer at night's dank dew to dry
Metonymy
"What can brown do for you?"
Analogy
a comparison in the relationship of ideas and objects.
Third Person Limited Point of View
the narrator does not participate in the story and focuses upon the thoughts and actions of one or two main characters.
Consonance
the repetition of final consonant sounds with different vowels
Free Verse
a poem free from any set pattern of rhyme or rhythm.
Chiasmus
all for one and one for all
Assonance
the repetition of vowel with different consonant sounds around them.
Suspense
a feeling of anticipation
Refrain
a repetition of a word or phrase in a fixed position in a poem
Oxymoron
the placement two opposite words in close proximity to each other
Situational Irony
the difference between expectations and outcome.
Drama
develops plot and character through dialogue and action and should reflect real life.
Onomatopoeia
Bang!
Hyperbole
I have a ton of homework!
Alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
Comic Relief
a type of character in a drama whose job is to alleviate tension.
Ploce
a repetition of a word or phrase in the same line of poetry
Internal Conflict
a psychological crisis
Simile
a comparison using like or as.
Inciting Incident
the specific moment that introduces the conflict
Litote
ironic understatement
Onomatopoeia
words that imitate sounds

Deck Info

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