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HWC204

Terms

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LIBERAL EDUCATION
"a philosophy of education that empowers individuals with broad knowledge and transferable skills, and a stronger sense of values, ethics, and civic engagement
EGOISTIC HEDONISM
the highest "good" for a person is their lasting happiness. pleasure of mind is better than pleasure of body.
RELATIVISM
anti-dogmatic position that asserts that the truth of a proposition depends on who interprets it because no moral or cultural consensus can or will be reached.
ANALOGY OF THE DIVIDED LINE
The longer part (segment CE) represents the visible world and the smaller (segment AC) represents the intelligible world. Next, imagine each part of the line divided in the same ratio as the first division. The divisions in the segment for the intelligible world represent higher (AB) and lower (BC) forms. The divisions in the segment for the visible world represent ordinary visible objects (CD) and other representations such as their shadows or reflections (DE).
HOMERIAN SIMILE
a literary device used by homer and virgil to compare two things that are completely opposite from each other
ZENO
the founder of stoicism: had 3 key ideas: materialism, monism, mutation; and had three branches of knowledge: logic, physics, and ethics
ATHENIAN DEMOCRACY
the first model of this government; very powerful and stable
EPIC POEM
a recorded history, a "creation story. Used to entertain groups of people, and also functions for social cohesion. Often told of the Hero.
INTELLECTUAL VIRTUES
Aristotle: five virtues as the five ways the soul arrives at truth by affirmation or denial
RHETORIC
developed by the sophists: The art of speaking or writing effectively: as a.) the study of principles and rules of composition formulated by critics of ancient times, and b.) the study of writing or speaking as a means of communication or persuasion.
SOPHISTS
group of teachers of philosophy and rhetoric.
EPIC HERO
a man (generally greek descent) who is of noble or divine heritage, has supernatural or divine help, is a great orater, posses super-human strength, always is mortal, attractive, and has only one major flaw. Has better things than everyone else.
COVENANT
an agreement between G-d and his people (or a person), means "Law"
NATURAL SLAVES
those with great physical skill but without mental
HEBREWS
the name given to the jews before the ten commandments were brought down by moses
FESTIVAL OF DIONYSUS
was a large religious festival in ancient Athens in honor of the god Dionysus, the central event of which was the performance of tragedies and, since 487 BCE, comedies. It was the second-most important festival after the Panathenaia
GOLDEN MEAN
the desirable middle between two extremes, one of excess and the other of deficiency
ATOMIST
everything in the world is made up of tiny particles, even the soul. when one dies, these tiny things break up and reform into something else.
FOUR CAUSES
a way to find Telos. observe nature and find these causes. material, formal, efficient, and final
SOCRATIC METHOD
truth being persued not discovered
TETRAGRAMMATION
ebrew "four-letter word" or symbol meaning yod-ye-vau-he (YHWH) and signifying Yahweh. It is pronounced in Hebrew as "Adomai," and written generally as JHYH with variations of JHVH or YHVH. In English it became Jehovah.
THEORY OF RECOLLECTION
when one dies, their 'soul' (psyche) goes to the realm of forms. The soul sees perfect forms, then get another body and return to the material world.
THEORY OF FORMS
the perfect, ideal, eternal. Exist only in the material world. Humans attempt to re-create these but will never be successful
ANALOGY OF THE CAVE
analogy used to explain the existence of Forms
TANAKH
Torah, Nevi'im, Ketuvah
SOCRATIC IGNORANCE
the idea of not knowing things or how to come about them
HELLENISTIC
an pseudonym for "greek" ; came after the spread of greek culture as Alexander the great conquered much of the Mediterranean and Asia
PAX ROMANA
was the long period of relative peace and minimal expansion by military force experienced after 200 years of civil warfare.
STOICISM
gave a morality to human life but was also comparable with roman religion. founded by ZENO
LEGAL SLAVES
those who are prisioners of war, but are held by the government.
APATHEIA
control of ones emotions: accept responsibility for only what you can control. about inner tranquility.
TALMUD
compilation of commentary and analysis of scripture in the tanakh.
GADFLY
a horsefly
POLIS
a "city-state"- has a government and has citizens--contains the city and the countryside around it.
EPICUREANISM
developed by an Athenian. strove to eliminate the fear of death. no punishment, no afterlife. G-ds have no role in human affairs but do exist. complete opposite from greek and roman religions.
HISTORICAL-CRITICAL METHOD
cientific method of Bible study based on the assumption that there will be rational explanations for the text of scripture as we have it.
BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY
when Nebakannesar took over Judea. Book of Job written during this time period. 597-538 BC
DIALECTIC
modifying your position through dealing with opposing ideas--is an ongoing process
MOSIAC LAW
is the collective body of Jewish religious law, including biblical law and later talmudic and rabbinic law, as well as customs and traditions.
AENEAS
trojan warrior who fled Troy's walled city while battle ensued from within the city (Trojan Horse), hero of Aeneid
PRE-SOCRATICS
greek philosophers before Socrates and his works; ejected traditional mythological explanations for the phenomena they saw around them in favor of more rational explanations.
VIRGIL
Publius Vergilius Maro (70-19 BCE) roman writer who mimicked Homer's style in writing Aeneid. was commissioned by the emperor Augustine to write. Was a poet laureate under the emperor.
TELOS
something's final purpose or end goal--goal is proper, good, and leads to virtue (excellence)
FOUR-DOCUMENT HYPOTHESIS
four authors of the torah: J (uses Yhwh), E (changes YHWH to Elohim),D (uses the reformation as writing tool),P (preistly history). Determined by analysis of word choice, sentance structure, and content

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