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Pre-ap Biology mid-term review part one

This is a helpful review for pre-ap biology mid-term

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
control
a standard comparison in an experiment
multiply the eyepiece with the lens
how do you calculate total magnification of a microscope
hypothesis
A trial solution to a problem
meter
the basic unit of length
eukaryotic cell
type of cell: a cell with a true nucleus; a cell with a nuclear membrane and organelles
homeostasis
the maintenance of a constant internal state in a changing environment
cell membrane
what is the very thin structure which encloses a cell and controls what enters and leaves?
lower than 7
where are acids found on the pH scale?
proton
what is the particle in an atom with a positive charge?
atom
What is the smallest particle of matter which still retains properties of an element
cell membrane
composed of proteins and lipids
nucleus
the command center of the cell
isotopes
what are atoms with a different number of neutrons but the same number of protons
sexual reproduction
reproduction in which gametes from two parents unite
Cellular organization, reproduction, metabolism, homeostasis, heredity
Five Characteristics of living things(sorry guys, they have to be in the order they are found in book)
number of protons
what other information does the atomic number tell you?
ribosomes
site of protein synthesis
provide energy
what is the function of carbohydrates(example: glucose)
vacuoles
large, clear, fluid-filled sacs used for storage
cell wall
The rigid outer structure made of cellulose in plant cells
enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up metabolic reactions in plant and animals without being permanently changed or destroyed
liter
a metric unit of volume
scientific method
what is a logical, orderly way to solve a problem
20
how many different amino acids are there?(answer is in number form)
asexual reproduction
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and in which a single parent produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parent
prokaryotic cell
type of cell: a cell lacking a true membrane-bound nucleus
chloroplast
site of photosynthesis
carbon
what element do ORGANIC compounds contain
magnify
what do the lenses in a microscope do to an image
2
how many electrons can the first energy level of an atom hold?(answer is in the number form)
C6H12O6
what is the molecular formula for glucose
higher than 7
Where are bases found on the pH scale?
metabolism
What is the sum total of all the chemical reactions in the body
amino acids
these are the building blocks of proteins
covalent bonding
this type of bonding occurs when two or more atoms share their electrons.
ionic bonding
this type of bonding forms when the outermost, or valence, electrons of an atom are donated or received in association with a second atom
nucleoplasm
The fluid contained within the nucleus of a eukaryote in which the chromosomes and nucleoli are found.
gram
a metric unit of weight
mitochrondria
site of cellular respiration
osmosis
the movement of water molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.

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