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Terms

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amino acid
The building block of proteins
nucleic acid
(biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotid chains that are vital constituents of all living cells
unsaturated fat
fatty acid that have double bonds between the carbons and fats from plantes
neutron
an elementary particle with 0 charge and mass about equal to a proton
covalent bond
a chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons between atoms in a molecule
carbohydrate
an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals
valence electron
an electron in the outer shell of an atom which can combine with other atoms to form molecules
saturated fat
whole milk, butter, chocolate, meat
hydrogen bond
A type of weak chemical bond formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom of a polar covalent bond in one molecule is attracted to the slightly negative atom of a polar covalent bond in another molecule.
ionic bond
a chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a positive ion and the other atom gains to electron to form a negative ion
protein
any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrogenous base
proton
a stable particle with positive charge equal to the negative charge of an electron
heredity
Transmission of physical or mental qualities, diseases, etc., from parent to offspring.
starch
polysaccharide that stores glucose in plants
acid and base
an acid is a compound fat forms hydrogen ions when dissolves in water, a base is a compound that reduces the concentration of hydrogen ions in a soultion
fatty acid
A hydrocarbon chain with a carboxylic acid terminus.
electron
an elementary particle with negative charge
lipid
Non-polar carbon compounds that are insoluble in water

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