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whsgenetics

Terms

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family
Family- the usual major subdivision of an order or suborder in the classification of plants, animals, fungi, etc., usually consisting of several genera.
Genotype
genetic constitution of an organism.
PCR
polymerase chain reaction
Carrier
an individual heterozygous for a single recessive gene.
Clone
genetically engineered replicas of DNA sequences.
Chromosome
A circular strand of DNA in bacteria that contains the hereditary information necessary for cell life.
Mutation
process by which genes undergo a structural change
Haploid
pertaining to a single set of chromosomes.
Ethics
study of fundamental principles which defines values and determines moral duty and obligation.
RNA
of a class of single-stranded molecules transcribed from DNA in the cell nucleus or in the mitochondrion or chloroplast
Diploid
having two similar complements of chromosomes.
Relatives
Having pertinence or relevance; connected or related.
DNA
genetic make up
Cytogenetics
the study of chromosomes
Down syndrome
a type of mental deficiency due to trisomy.
Mitosis
The entire process of cell division including division of the nucleus and the cytoplasm.
Heredity
transmission of genetic characters from parents to offspring
Homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that pair during meiosis.
Inbred-
naturally inherent; innate; native
Gamete
haploid cell.
Inherited
To receive from one's parents by genetic transmission.
Endonuclease
an enzyme that breaks the internal phosphodiester bonds in a DNA molecule.
Hereditary
passing, or capable of passing, naturally from parent to offspring through the genes
Cell
- the basic structural unit of all organisms.
Genes
make up passed down from parent off spring.

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