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English 1-3rd week


undefined, object
copy deck
1. eating or wanting large amounts of food

2. wanting a lot of new information and knowledge

1. a voracious eater

2. a voracious reader * a boy with a voracious and undiscriminating appetite for facts
1. an *** action is done without thought about what the result may be, especially when it causes people to be harmed

2. acting without careful judgement
indiscriminate, unüberlegt, wahllos
1. indiscriminate attacks on motorists by youths throwing stones * the indiscriminate nature of nuclear weapons * Doctors have been criticized for their indiscriminate use of antibiotics.

2. She's always been indiscriminate in her choice of friends.
1. (of people) famous and respected, especially in a particular profession

2. (of good qualities) unusual; excellent

1. an eminent architect

2. a man of eminent good sense
1. to put food in a liquid and leave it for some time so that it becomes soft and flavoured by the liquid

2. steep yourself in sth (written) to spend a lot of time thinking or learning about sth

1. Steep the fruit in brandy overnight.

2. They spent a month steeping themselves in Chinese culture.
1. filled with sth; with a full supply of sth

2. very full of food

1. literature replete with drama and excitement

2. We all felt pleasantly replete.
1. to exist in great numbers or quantities

2. to have sth in great numbers or quantities
abound, abound with
1. Stories about his travels abound.

2. The lakes abound with fish.
1. a person who behaves like a machine, without thinking or feeling anything

2. a machine that moves without human control; a small ROBOT
1. a woman who works as a nurse in a school

2. an older married woman

3. a senior female nurse in charge of the other nurses in a hospital
1. an area of activity, interest, or knowledge

2 (formal) a country ruled by a king or queen

1. in the realm of literature / science * At the end of the speech he seemed to be moving into the realms of fantasy.

2. the defence of the realm

beyond the realms of possibility
an official record of events or activities year by year; historical records
His deeds went down in the annals of British history.
1. to make sth bad become even worse by causing further harm

2. a thing consisting of two or more separate things combined together
to compound

1. The problems were compounded by severe food shortages
a small amount of a colour, feeling or quality

to feel a tinge of envy / regret / sadness * There was a faint pink tinge to the sky.
to put pressure on sb by repeatedly asking them questions or asking them to do sth
badger sb (into doing sth) | ~ sb

I finally badgered him into coming with us. * Reporters constantly badger her about her private life. * His daughter was always badgering him to let her join the club.
to ask sb to do sth in an anxious way because you want or need it very much
to implore
She implored him to stay. 'Help me,' he implored. * Tell me it's true. I implore you.
lasting a very long time and therefore boring or annoying

an interminable speech / wait / discussion * The drive seemed interminable
using only a few words to say sth:

a laconic comment / manner
to go up to sb and speak to them, especially in a way that is rude or threatening
She was accosted in the street by a complete stranger
bad-tempered and rude

a surly face / manner / youth
1. a talk on a moral or religious subject, usually given by a religious leader during a service

2. moral advice that a person tries to give you in a long talk

2. We had to listen to a long sermon on the evils of wasting time.
1. a crowd of people

2. to go somewhere or be present somewhere in large numbers
throng, to throng

1. We pushed our way through the throng. * He was met by a throng of journalists and photographers.

2. children thronged into the hall. * People are thronging to see his new play. * Crowds thronged the stores.
unwilling to tell people about things

She was shy and reticent. * He was extremely reticent about his personal life.
very brave; not afraid of danger or difficulties

an intrepid explorer
a thing that sb does that is usually very good or very bad

a brave / charitable / evil deed * a tale of heroic deeds
behaving in a way that shows that you want to keep sth secret and do not want to be noticed

She cast a furtive glance over her shoulder. * He looked sly and furtive.
a person who has committed a serious crime
an amount that is greater than is needed or can be used

The report contained a plethora of detail.
not lucky; unfortunate
the hapless victims of exploitation
very angry

irate customers * an irate phone call
a false reason that you give for doing sth, usually sth bad, in order to hide the real reason; an excuse

The incident was used as a pretext for intervention in the area. * He left the party early on the pretext of having work to do. * Be careful not to give him a pretext to report you. * People were being arrested on the flimsiest of pretexts
1. to invent false information in order to deceive people

2. to make or produce goods, equipment, etc. from various different materials.
to fabricate

1. The evidence was totally fabricated. * The prisoner claimed the police had fabricated his confession
skilful and clever, especially in dealing with people:

an adroit negotiator
to move your hands and arms about in order to attract attention or make sb understand what you are saying:
to gesticulate

He gesticulated wildly at the clock. * She was shouting and gesticulating from the other side of the road.
very careful to notice any signs of danger or trouble

A pilot must remain vigilant at all times. * The thief was spotted by vigilant neighbours.
1. very enthusiastic about sth (often a hobby)

2. wanting to get sth very much

1. an avid reader / collector * She has taken an avid interest in the project (= she is extremely interested in it).

2. He was avid for more information.
to make sb do sth by talking to them and being very nice to them
to cajole

He cajoled me into agreeing to do the work. * I managed to cajole his address out of them. * Her voice was soft and cajoling.
1. dealing with only the most basic matters or ideas

2. not highly or fully developed

1. They were given only rudimentary training in the job. * His understanding of the language is very rudimentary.

2. rudimentary housing / weapons * Health care in the village is still quite rudimentary. * Some dinosaurs had only rudimentary teeth. * the most rudimentary forms of life
to increase or further improve the good quality, value or status of sb/sth
to enhance

This is an opportunity to enhance the reputation of the company. * the skilled use of make-up to enhance your best features
a very slight difference in meaning, sound, colour or sb's feelings that is not usually very obvious:

He watched her face intently to catch every nuance of expression. * Her singing has both warmth of sound and delicacy of nuance. * You need to be able to convey the subtle nuances of meaning of each word.
to persuade sb to do sth by talking to them in a kind and gentle way

She coaxed the horse into coming a little closer. * He was coaxed out of retirement to help the failing company. * She had to coax the car along. * Police managed to coax the man down from the ledge. * 'Nearly there,' she coaxed.
not real or true; false, and trying to deceive people

She spoke with a phoney Russian accent.
having a lot of different parts and small details that fit together

intricate patterns / designs / structures * an intricate network of loyalties and relationships
to dislike sb/sth very much
to loathe

I loathe modern art. * They loathe each other
to tell sb officially that you do not approve of them or their actions
to reprimand

The officers were severely reprimanded for their unprofessional behaviour.
not interesting or exciting; dull

a lacklustre performance / campaign * lacklustre hair
1. (of a chemical substance) able to destroy or dissolve other substances

2. critical in a bitter or SARCASTIC way

1. a caustic cleaning product * caustic liquid which blisters the skin

2. caustic comments / wit * Her speech was a caustic attack on government officials.
1. to take sth such as power or control from sb/sth with great effort

2. to take sth from sb that they do not want to give, suddenly or violently
wrest sth from sb/sth

1. They attempted to wrest control of the town from government forces.

2. He wrested the gun from my grasp.
well known for being bad or evil

a general who was infamous for his brutality * the most infamous concentration camp * (humorous) the infamous British sandwich
to push roughly against sb in a crowd
to jostle

The visiting president was jostled by angry demonstrators. * People were jostling, arguing and complaining.
a person who is tricked or cheated

These men were simply the dupes of their unscrupulous leaders.
just beginning

signs of incipient unrest
by accident; without intending to

an inadvertent omission
suggesting that sth bad is going to happen, threatening

an ominous silence; Those black clouds are a bit ominous.
(1) shaking slightly because of being nervous, week or excited

(2) nervous, afraid or uncertain

(1) in a tremulous voice; with a tremulous hand

(2) a tremulous look/smile/laugh
(1a) to refuse to accept sth; to reject sth

(1b) to refuse to do sth that is required by an authority or an agreement

(2) to refuse to deal with or be connected with sb any longer; to disown sb

(1a) repudiate a charge/view/claim/suggestion

(1b) repudiate a treaty/contract/vow; repudiate one's depts (refuse to pay)

(2) repudiate one's lover/former friend/son
the action or act of spopping; a pause

the bombardment continied without cessation; a temprary cessation of hostiles
(1) a short stiff hair

(2) one of the short stiff hairs in a brush

(1) a face covered with bristles

(2) my toothbrush is loosing it's bristles
ordinary and with little excitement

I lead a pretty munedane life - nothing interesting ever happens to me; a mundane film/job; Having decided on the prizewinners, the committee moved on to more mundane matters
strange because not in harmony with the surroundings; out of place

Such traditional methods seem incongruous in this modern technical age
an expression of sympathy

a letter of condolence; please accept my condolences on your father's death
nervous and uncertain

jittery inverstors/financial markets
to shake or tremble slightly

quivering leaves; His voice quivered with emotion; 'I'm sorry' she said, her lip quivering
(1) ~ up: to stand up stiff because of fear or anger

(2) ~ with sth at sth: show anger, annoyance in one's face or movements

(3) ~ with sth: to have a large number of sth
to bristle

(1) the dog's fur bristeld as it sensed danger.

(2) bristle with defiance/pride; she bristled with rage at the mention of his name

(3) troops bristling with weapons
(1) to make sb start to feel hope, anger, desire, etc

(2) to set light to sth
to kindle

(1) kindle hopes. She had kindled a flame within him

(2) the sparks kindled the dry grass

kindling: Kleinholz
not interesting or exciting

a mundane task / job * I lead a pretty mundane existence. * On a more mundane level, can we talk about the timetable for next week?
strange, and not suitable in a particular situation

Such traditional methods seem incongruous in our technical age. * The two of them made an incongruous couple.
sympathy that you feel for sb when a person in their family or that they know well has died; an expression of this sympathy:

to give / offer / express your condolences * Our condolences go to his wife and family. * a letter of condolence
to make a process happen more quickly

We have developed rapid order processing to expedite deliveries to customers.

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