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science vocab

Terms

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purine
Nitrogenous compounds (bases) that occur in nucleic acids
pyrimidine
type of organic base
protein
they are polymers of amino acids, joined by peptide bonds
nitrogen base
A basic compound that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or pyrimidine
deoxyribose
A nucleic acid constituent of all animal, microbial, and plant cells
ribose
Five-carbon sugar found in RNA
DNA
the genetic material in the nuclei of all cells
RNA
molecules, which are linear chains of ribonucleotides, perform a number of critical functions.
nucleotide
A cellular constituent that is one of the building blocks of ribonucleic acids (RNA) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
amino acid
Amino acids are organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
codon
A triplet in a chain of nucleic acids in mRNA that specifies the order in which amino acids are added

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