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Ancient Greece Term List

Terms

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Monarchy
A rule that establishes its power from generationg to generation iwth jsut one leader at a time
Ostracism
Excluding someone from society
Aristocracy
The power is in the hands of the higest class or nobles
Mycenaeans
1900 BCE, lived in mainland Greece which had trade, craftspeople, and a military
Thucydides
Greek historian who expirenced and wrote about the peloponnesian wars
Oligarchy
A small group of people who are in controll of the government
Peloponnesian Wars
Wars fought between Athens and the Peloponnesian league headed by sparta
Plato
Famous philosoper taught by socrates who wrote 2 books
Socrates
A famous greek philosopher/play writer
Aristotle
Famous greek philosoper taught by Plato who established a school in Athens
Alexander the Great
Great military leader who was king of Macedon and conqured land all the way up to india, and was taught by Aristotle
Hellenic Culture
The period fomr 323 BC to 146 BC with the ideas of deomcracy, beatuy, and blance were
Persian Wars
the wars fought between Athens and the persinas and began with the city-states of Asia Minor
Phalanx
A group of similar people who are broght together for a common purpose
Acropolis
great marble temple dedicated to gods on the top of a hilll
Ephors
The group of 5 people who helped advise the council of elders
Tyranny
a corrupt, cruel, or opressive rule
Cleisthenes
Established democracy in Athens and created a coucil for the approval of laws
Helots
The slaves of the Spartans which were used for a yearly battle inorder to test the training of the Spartans
Athens
Greek city-state near Sparta the was center of trade and arts such as sculpting, and had a strong navy
Hoplite
Greek foot soldiers who were heavily armed
Homer
Author of The Odyssey who lived during 8th century in Greece
Pisistratus
Sucessor of Solon who took power away from the nobles, and he was a tyrant
Hellenistic Age
323 BC to 31 BC when Hellenistic culture persued and was very popular
Delian Leauge
The alliance of greek city-sates to defend agaisnt the perisians
Polis
Greek word for city-state, these city states were fortified on hilltops so the city could be easily defended
Pericles
Great leader in Athens who encouraged art and order the Partheon to be built
Democracy
A government where people elect officals to lead them
Archon
The cheif offical in Athens, who was elected by the people
Herodotus
An ancient greek historian known as the father of history
Solon
Leader of Athens who abolished slavery from debt and created new laws as well
Sparta
Powerful greek city state that was ruled by Oligarchy and focued on Military goals
Minoans
Civlization that began on Crete in 1700 BC to about 1400 BC

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