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C C 306M: Nervous System - Psychiatric Diagnostic Terms

Terms

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bulimia nervosa
eating disorder characterized by binge eating follow by efforts to limit digestion through induced vomiting, use of laxatives, or excessive exercise
major depression / major depressive illness / clinical depression / major affective disorder / unipolar disorder
disorder causing periodic disturbances in mood that affect concentration, sleep, activity, qppetite, and social behavior; characterized by feelings of worthlessness, fatigue, and loss of interest
seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
affective disorder marked by episodes of depression that most often occur during the fall and winter and remit in the spring
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
most common anxiety disorder, characterized by chronic, excessive, and uncontrollable worry about everyday problems that affects the ability to relax or concentrate but does not usually interfere with social interactions or employment; physical symptoms include muscle tension, trembling, twitching, fatigue, headaches, nausea, and insomnia -- symptoms must exist for at least 6 months before a diagnosis can be made
disorganized schizophrenia
featuring disorganized speech, behavior, and flat or inappropriate affect
schizophrenia
disease of brain chemistry causing a distorted cognitive and emotional perception of one's environment characterized bya broad range of "positive" and "negative" symptoms; positive symptoms include distortions of normal function (behaviors that are absent in normal people, e.g., disorganized thought, delusions, hallucinations, catatonic behavior); negative symptoms (normal reactions missing in persons with schizophrenia) including flat affect, apathy, and withdrawl from reality
attention-decifit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
dysfunction characterized by consistent hyperactivity, distractability, and lack of control over impulses, which interferes with the ability to function normally at school, home, or work; specific criteria must be met before a diagnosis is made
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
condition resulting from an extremely traumatic experience, injury, or illness that leaves the sufferer with persistent thoughts and memories of the ordeal; may occur after a war, violent personal assault, physical or sexual abuse, serious accident, natural disaster, etc.; symptoms include feelings of fear, detachment, exaggerated startle response, restlessness, nightmares, and avoidance of anything or anyone who triggers the pain recollections
dyslexia
developmental disability characterized by a difficulty understanding written or spoken words, sentences, or paragraphs, affecting reading, spelling, and self-expression
schizoaffective disorder
concurrent with major depression or manic depression
substance abuse disorders
mental disorders resulting from abuse of substances such as drugs, alcohol, or other toxins causing personal and social dysfunction; identified by the abused substance, such as alcohol abuse, amphetamine abuse, opioid (narcotic) abuse, or polysubstance abuse
paranoid schizophrenia
featuring delusions, most often persecutory or grandiose types
mental retardation
condition of subaverage intelligence characterized by an IQ of 70 or below, resulting in the inability to adapt ro normal social activities
dysthymia
milder affective disorder characterized by feelings of worthlessness, fatiguemilder affective disorder characterized by a chronic depression persisting for at least 2 years
panic disorder (PD)
disorder of sudden, recurrent attacks of intense feelings including physical symptoms that mimic a heart attack such as rapid heart rate, chest pain, shortness of breath, chills, sweating, and dizziness, with a general sense of loss of control or feeling that death is imminent; often progresses to agoraphobia
anorexia nervosa
severe distgurbance in eating behavior caused by abnormal perceptions about one's body weight, evidenced by an overwhelming fear of becoming fat that results in a refusal to eat and body weight well below normal
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
anxiety disorder featuring unwanted, senseless obsessions accompanied by repeated compulsions, which can interfere with all aspects of a person's daily life (e.g., the thought that a door is not locked, with repetitive checking to make sure that it is locked; thoughts that one's body has been contaminated, with repetitive washing)
phobia
exaggerated fear of a specific object or circumstance that causes anxiety and panic; named for the object or circumstance, such as agoraphobia (marketplace), claustrophobia (confinement), or acrophobia (high places)
catatonic schizophrenia
featuring catatonia
autism
developmental disability commonly appearing during the first 3 years of life, resulting from a neurological disorder affecting brain function, evidenced by difficulties with verbal and nonverbal communication, and an inability to relate to anything beyond oneself (auto = self) in social interactions; individuals with autism often exhibit body movements such as rocking, repetitive hand mvoements, and commonly become preoccupied with observing parts of small objects or performing meaningless rituals
hypochondriasis
preoccupation with thoughts of disease and concern that one is suffering from a serious condition that persists despite medical reassurance to the contrary
manic depression / bipolar disorder (BP)
affective disorder characterized by mood swings of mania and depression (extreme up and down states)

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