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MS JAMISON / TERM / BASIC SCIENCES 2

Terms

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FIV
FELINE IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
PCR
POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION, MOLECULAR BIOLOGICAL TEST THAT CAN DETECT AS FEW AS A SINGLE MOLECULE OF ANTIBODY OR ANTIGEN IN A SAMPLE
IMMUNIZE
PROCESS OF MAKING AN INDIVIDUAL IMMUNE
MALE HORSE
STALLION / STUD
-genesis
start, beginning, creator
RECESSIVE
AN ALLELE THAT IS NOT EXPRESSED (DOES NOT SHOW IN THE PHENOTYPE) UNLESS THE INDIVIDUAL IS HOMOZYGOUS
PROGENY
OFFSPRING
py/o
pus
circum-
around
IFA
INDIRECT FLOURESCENT ANTIBODY TEST, SIMILAR TO ELISA, BUT POSITIVE RESULTS IS THE APPEARANCE OF FLOURESCENCE
ecto-, exo-
outside
HYPERSENSITIVITY
CONDITION IN WHICH THE BODY REACTS WITH AN EXAGGERATED IMMUNE RESPONSE TO AN ANTIGEN
FEMALE YOUNG HORSE (UP TO 4YR)
FILLY
ANTIGEN
ANY SUBSTANCE (MICROORGANISM, TOXIN, FOREIGN BODY) CAPABLE OF STIMULATING A SPECIFIC IMMUNE RESPONSE
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
TWO PARENTS (MALE AND FEMALE) MERGE THEIR GAMETES, OFFSPRING ARE LIKE PARENTS TO CERTAIN EXTENT, BUT HAVE SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF THEIR OWN
nas/o
nose
steth/o
chest
MALE CAT
TOM/STUD
pseud-, pseudo-
false, fake
AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE
DISEASE STATE CHARACTERIZED BY A SPECIFIC IMMUNE REACTION AGAINST THE BODY'S OWN TISSUES
INCOMPLETE DOMINANCE
OCCURS WHEN NEITHER OF THE ALLELES OF A GENE IS TOTALLY DOMINANT OVER THE OTHER, BOTH CHARACTERISTICS ARE BLENDED
inter-
between, among
INFECTION
INVASION AND MULTIPLICATION OF MICROORGANISMS IN BODY TISSUES
-cele
hernia, protrusion, cyst, mass, tumor
AIHA (AKA IMHA)
AUTOIMMUNE HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA
BREEDING FEMALE HORSE
BROOD MARE
c (with line above)
WITH
CONGENITAL
DEVELOPMENTAL ANOMALY IN WHICH NEITHER PARENT HAS A TRAIT, BUT SOMETHING HAPPENED DURING DEVELOPMENT TO CAUSE MUTATION
-pexy, -pexis
surgical fixation
HAPLOID NUMBER
HALF THE NORMAL NUMBER OF CHROMOSOMES (ONE PER EACH TYPE), FOUND IN THE GAMETES, N
YOUNG HORSE (UP TO 1YR)
FOAL
-tome
instrument for cutting
-esis -ia -iasis -ism -ity -osis -sis -tion -y
state or condition of
GREGOR MENDEL
MONK WHO STUDIED GENETIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PEA PLANTS AND DEVELOPED RULE FOR THE WAY TRAITS WERE INHERITED, FATHER OF GENETICS
dactyl/o
digits, toes
FB
FOREIGN BODY
q
EVERY
B&A
BRIGHT & ALERT
-phobia, phobic
fear
LOCUS
POSITION ON THE CHROMOSOME WHERE ALLELES ARE LOCATED, EACH GENE HAS A UNIQUE LOCUS
intra-
within, into, inside
IMMUNOCOMPETENCE
ABILITY TO DEVELOP AN IMMUNE RESPONSE FOLLOWING EXPOSURE TO ANTIGEN
IMMUNITY
CONDITION OF BEING RESISTANT TO DISEASE
PHENOTYPE
OUTWARD APPEARANCE OF AN INDIVIDUAL
PUNNETT SQUARE
GRAPH USED TO CALCULATE PERCENTAGES OF THE OFFSPRING WITH PARTICULAR GENOTYPES
P.C., pc
AFTER MEALS (POST CIBUM)
LRS
LACTATED RINGERS SOLUTION
lapar/o
abdomen, flank
CELISA
COMPETITIVE ENZYME LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY, SIMILAR TO ELISA, BUT GIVES SEMI-QUANTITATIVE RESULT
post-
after, behind
SLE
SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
TRAIT
DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL, SUCH AS EYE COLOR, HAIR COLOR
SERUM
PLASMA MINUS FIBRINOGEN (FIBRINOGEN IS PROTEIN INVOLVED IN BLOOD CLOTTING)
PRN, prn
AS NEEDED
AI
ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION
ECG, EKG
ELECTROCARDIOGRAM / GRAPH
CHROMOSOME
LINEAR THREAD MADE OF DNA FOUND IN THE NUCLEUS CARRYING THE GENETIC CODE IN THE FORM OF GENES, CONTAIN THOUSANDS OF GENES
PER OS
BY MOUTH
PLASMA
FLUID PORTION OF BLOOD (BLOOD MINUS ALL THE BLOOD CELLS)
ELISA
ENZYME LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY, TYPE OF TEST THAT USES THE SPECIFIC IMMUNE BINDING OF ANTIGEN AND ANTIBODY TO SCREEN FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASES
dors/o-, dors/i-
back
-plasty
surgical repair
cardi/o
heart
mast/o
mammary glands
-ent -er -ist -or
person or agent
DIPLOID NUMBER
NORMAL NUMBER OF CHROMOSOMES FOR A PARTICULAR SPECIES (2N)
DOMINANT
AN ALLELE THAT IS EXPRESSED (SHOWS UP IN PHENOTYPE) EVEN IF THE INDIVIDUAL IS HETEROZYGOUS, CAN SUPPRESS THE EXPRESSION OF ANOTHER ALLELE
GI
GASTROINTESTINAL
MALE YOUNG HORSE (UP TO 4YR)
COLT
HOMOZYGOUS
POSSESSING TWO IDENTICAL ALLELES FOR A TRAIT, CALLED "PURE STRAIN"
-cle, -cule, -ole,-ola, -ule, -ulum, -ulus
small
AUTOSOME
ANY OF THE CHROMOSOMES OTHER THAN THE SEX DETERMINING CHROMOSOMES
ANTIBODY
(AKA IMMUNOGLOBULIN) SPECIALIZED SERUM PROTEIN PRODUCED BY PLASMA CELLS IN RESPONSE TO ANTIGEN, ANTIBODY PRODUCED IN RESPONSE TO PARTICULAR ANTIGEN CAN COMBINE WITH THAT ANTIGEN ONLY
ana-
up, toward, apart
HEREDITY
PASSING ON OF TRAITS FROM PARENTS TO OFFSPRING
ANTITOXIN
ANTIBODIES AGAINST A PARTICULAR TOXIN
BAR
BRIGHT, ALERT, RESPONSIVE
HETEROZYGOUS
POSSESSING DIFFERENT ALLELES FOR A TRAIT
HYBRID
OFFSPRING OF DISTANTLY RELATED PARENTS, OFTEN DIFFERENT SPECIES
IMMUNODEFICIENCY
A DIFICIENCY IN THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
GENETICS
BRANCH OF BIOLOGY DEALING WITH PHENOMENA OF HEREDITY AND THE LAWS GOVERNING IT
FEMALE CAT
QUEEN
AMA
AGAINST MEDICAL ADVICE
GENE
THE BASIC UNIT OF HEREDITY, MADE OF DNA, USUALLY CONTAINS THE INFO THAT CODES FOR ONE PROTEIN PRODUCT( BY TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION)
GENOTYPE
GENETIC MAKEUP OF AN INDIVIDUAL
ALLELES
ONE OF TWO OR MORE DIFFERENT GENES THAT CODE FOR SIMILAR PROTEINS AT THE SAME LOCUS ON THE CHROMOSOME
aden/o
gland
AP, A/P, A-P
ANTERIOR / POSTERIOR
hyper-
over, excessive, above, increased
Ig
IMMUNOGLOBULIN
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
NO GAMETES ARE INVOLVED, IT IS JUST CELLULAR DIVISION (MITOSIS), OFFSPRING ARE IDENTICAL TO PARENT
ANAPHYLAXIS
A SEVERE, ACUTE (IMMEDIATE) HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTION
INOCULATE
INTRODUCTION OF MICROORGANISMS INTO CULTURE MEDIA, INTRODUCTION OF PATHOGEN INTO A HEALTHY ANIMAL IN ORDER TO STIMULATE IMMUNITY
bi-
two
BIRTH OF HORSE
FOALING
FEMALE HORSE
MARE
ocul/o
eye
-rrhea
flow, discharge
PARENTERAL
LITERALLY "OUTSIDE THE INTESTINE", OR ANYTHING NOT GIVEN ORALLY/VIA GI TRACT (USUALLY REFERS TO SQ, IM, IV INJECTION)
hyp-, hypo-
under, below, decreased
YOUNG CAT
KITTEN
IMMUNOCOMPROMISED
HAVING REDUCED IMMUNE RESPONSIVENESS
BIRTH OF CAT
QUEENING
MIC
MINIMUM INHIBITORY CONCENTRATION
meta-
change, beyond, after, behind
CASTRATED MALE HORSE
GELDING
IMMUNOSUPPRESSION
DIMINISHED IMMUNE RESPONSIVENESS
TITER
MEASURE OF THE AMOUNT OF ANTIBODY AGAINST A SPECIFIC ANTIGEN PRESENT IN THE BLOOD
ANA
ANTINUCLEAR ANTIBODY TEST, USED TO SCREEN FOR AUTOIMMUNE DISORDERS
LYMPHOCYTE
TYPE OF WBC INVOLVED IN SPECIFIC IMMUNE RESPONSES, INCLUDES B-CELLS WHICH ARE INVOLVED IN HUMORAL IMMUNITY AND T-CELLS WHICH ARE INVOLVED IN CELLULAR IMMUNITY

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