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Math/Science Vocab Quiz 3

Terms

undefined, object
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bladder
elastic, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body
bronchi
two short tubes that branch off the trachea and carry air into the lungs
larynx
airway to which the vocal cords are attached
base
the number or expression that is used as a factor in a repeated multiplication
least common multiple
the least number that is a common multiple of two or more whole numbers
urine
waste water that is excreted from the urethra. it contains excess water, salts, and other wastes that aren't reabsorbed by the body
hypothalamus
an area of the brain that controls the amount of water in the blood
respiratory
a system of organs fuctioning in respiration and in humans consisting the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs
kidney
bean-shaped urinary system organ that is made up of about 1 million nephrons and filters blood, producing urine
respiration
series of chemical reactions used to release energy stored in food molecules
renal artery
this "thing" carries oxygenated blood
ureter
tube that carries urine from each kidney to the bladder
diaphragm
muscle beneath the lungs that contracts and relaxes to move gases in and out of the body
pharynx
tubelike passageway for food, liquid, and air
greatest common factor
the greatest whole number that is a factor of two or more nonzero whole numbers
trachea
air-conducting tube that connects the larynx wigh the bronchi, is lined wigh mucous membranes and cilia, and contains strong cartilage rings
scientific notation
when a number is in the form of c x 10(to the power of n) where c is greater than or equal to 1 and less than 10 and n is an integer
exponent
a number or expression that represents how many times a base is used as a factor in a repeated multiplication
urinary tract
system of excretory organs that rids the blood of wastes, controls blood volume by removing excess water, and balances concentrations of salts and water
renal
of or relating to the kidneys
alveoli
tiny, thin-walled, grapelike clusters at the end of each bronchiole that are surrounded by capillaries, where carbon dioxide and oxygen exchange takes place
power
a product formed from repeated multiplication by the same number or expression.It consists of a base and exponent
nephron
tiny filtering unit of the kidney
asthma
lung disorder in which the bronchial tubes contract quickly and cause shortness of breath, wheezing, or coughing
capillaries
a very thin tube, especially one of the smaller tubes that carry blood around the body
fraction
a number of the form ('a' divided by 'b') where a is called the numerator and b is the denominator
urethra
tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
factor
a number that divides into another number exactly
excretory
functioning in excretion
bronchioles
small tubes connected to the bronchi that has clusters of alveoli on the ends of it
renal vein
the vein that is connected to the kidney and is rich is carbon dioxide

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