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Science and Math Vocab

Terms

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urinary tract
the organs and tubes involved in the production and excretion of urine
pharynx
tubelike passageway for food, liquid, and air
base
the number or expression that is used as a factor in a repeated multiplication
renal vein
a renal that did not touch oxygen
respiratory
systems that helps the body recieve oxygen abd breathe out carbon dioxide
renal artery
a renal that did touch oxygen
fraction
a number of the form a/b where a is called the numerator and b is called the denominator
GCF
the greatest whole number that is a factor of two or more nonzero whole nubers
hypothalamus
control center for the automatic nerve systems
capillaries
tiny vessels that move and exchange materials throughout the system
urethra
tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
respiration
series of chemical reactions used to release stored energy from food molecules
diaphragm
muscle beneath the lngs that contracts and relaxes to move gases in and out of the body
bladder
elastic, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body
ureter
tube that carries urine from each kidney to the bladder
alveoli
tiny, thin -walled, grapelike clusters at the end of each bronchiole that are surrounded by capillaries, where carbon dioxide and oxygen exchange take place
nephron
tiny filtering unit of the kidney
excretion
the process of removing wastes, like urine, from the body
LCM
the least number that is a common multiple of two or more whole numbers
bronchi
two short tubes that branch off in the lower end of the trachea and carry air into the lungs
scientific notation
a number that is simplified to be written as c * 10 to the power of p where c is 1 or an interger less than ten
larynx
airway to wich the vocal cords are attached
renal
blood curcuit that travels through the kidneys
exponent
a number or expression that represents how many time a bse is used as a factor in repeated multiplication
excretory
the system that removes wastes from the body
trachea
air-conditioning tube that connects the larynx with the bronchi, is lined with mucous membranes and cilia, and contains large cartilage rings
urine
wstewater that contains excess water, salts, and other wastes that are not reabsorbed by the body
kidney
bean-shapedurinary system organ that is made up of about 1 million neohrons and filters blood, producing urine
factor
a number that can be multiplied to make up another number
asthma
lung disorder in which the bronchial tubes contract quizkly and cause shortness of breath, wheezing, or coughing; may occur as an allergic reaction

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