This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

Pathology Gastrointestinal

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
Sx's?..."
"Pouch in esophageal wall
2. define⬦"
"1. Sliding 80-90%, cardia (stomach) --> esophageal hiatus
lead to⬦"
Idiopathic lack of relaxation --> spasms, disphagia, dialated esophagus
risks⬦"
Cirumfrential mucosal folds --> dysphagia in middle aged woman
Due to⬦"
Dialated submucosal esoph viens due to hypertension & liver cirrhosis, fatal rupture
due to..."
"Severe vomiting -->Linear, longitudinal, lacerations of distal esophagus
1-3"
"1. Ischemic bowel disease
leads to..."
"Common w/ hiatal hernia, assoc. w/ alcohol/tobacco,
% --> adenocarcinoma"
"Distal metaplasia (squam --> columnar ep), due to long term GERD,
"
"proximal right = polypoid exophytic masses w/ surface ulceration, obstruction not common
Esophageal neoplasms ? 2 types Benign
Papillomas, leiomyoma
2. Sx's, risk"
"1. Squamous cell carcinoma (90% of esoph cancer), upper 2/3 esoph, inc risk males, black, china, russia, iran.
leads to⬦"
"Palpable hypertrophy of pyloric circular muscle
causes⬦"
"dialated int/external anal venous plexus
Cause⬦"
"Helicobacter pylori --> inflam --> atrophy of glands --> meta/dysplasia
affected.."
"Antibodies to chief/parietal cells
1-4⬦"
"1. Hemorrhage
Tx⬦"
"enteric bacteria
Loc⬦"
"Common in males > 50, blood type A, poor prognosis
assoc. w/⬦"
"Congenital megacolon
rule of 2's⬦"
"5 cm intestinal blind pouch
1-5"
"1. low fiber-high fat diet
90% ,mortality in..."
"atherosclerotic occ. of 2+ mesenteric arteries
Sx⬦"
"dialation of small vessels in mucosa/submucosa
types⬦"
"1. ecosystem disturbances (antibiotic resist = C. difficile --> pseudomemb. colitis)
Sx.."
"Psuedomembranes cover ulcers
spread⬦"
"Invades epithelium of distal colon --> inflam & erosion --> dysentary
path⬦"
"1. Rotavirus = small intestine, children 6-24 mo.'s
%, spread.."
"1. Giardia lamblia - NON-invasive, small intest, fecal-H2O
3 causes⬦"
"Maldigestion
chron's vs. ulcerative colitis similarities"
"idiopathic
Chron's disease
"mouth --> colon
Ulcerative colitis
"colon only
complications⬦"
"bright red rectal bleeding, fever, inc WBC's, lower abdominal pain
4 types"
"adynamic (paralytic) ileus-disruption of innervation w/ fecoliths
terms⬦"
"1. non-neoplastic
genes involved⬦"
"1. genetic
3 types⬦"
"increase
malignancy⬦"
"80% recto-sigmoid, < 5mm d., multiple
caused by⬦"
"inflam and lymphoid infiltrates
2 types"
"1. Juvenile
age..."
"1-3 cm, solitary
inc risk⬦"
"multiple in small intestine and colon
Colon cancer risk⬦"
"autosomal dom
inc risk of⬦"
"autosomal dom
gene mutations⬦"
"50% recto-sigmoid area
A-D"
"A. not through muscularis >90% survive
carcinoid syndrome?..."
"neuroendocrine tumors of low malig

Deck Info

48

permalink