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Japan - Test One


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cakes of cold boiled rice, shaped by hand or wrapped in seaweed and topped with pieces of raw or cooked fish, vegetables, or egg
Yamato Clan
400 BC, the clan is traced to current emperor

Oldest royal family in the world
Wrote the first constitution
+Started by merchant class, in reaction to the creation of Noh
+Intended for the working class
+Revolving stage, with little scenes
+Themes included military battles and love stories
o Little is left of this art form
o Minimum of eight hours, average of two days
o Didn’t flourish, because merchants didn’t back it
o For the refined, upper class
o A person portrays a puppet, with masks
robelike dress, is the traditional garment of Japan. Although most Japanese people now wear Western-style clothing, they wear kimonos on holidays and other special occasions.
Prince Shotoku
converted to Buddhism
 He caused many to convert
+Sent 17 missions to China to bring back ideas
+Wrote the first constitution
+Leader of Yamato clan
+ Emperors are all his decendents
o Chikamatsu:
Shakespeare of Japan; Famous for writing many Kabuki
 Wrote about Runin, Samaries without a master. “47 Ronin”
Westerners call these books, however they are not. They are also considered pornographic by westerners. Despite this, sexual aggression crimes are low in Japan.
17 Article Constitution
Written by Prince Shotoku
o One of these articles stated to divinity of emperor
o Stated the duties of emperor and people
47 Ronin
Famous Kabuki play

Lord Asano, acting upon bad advice from Lord Kira, presented himself improperly at court, was disgraced, and committed suicide. Forty-seven of Lord Asano’s followers, the ronin, vowed vengeance. They killed Lord Kira, delivered his head to their lord’s grave, and committed suicide
Heated rice wine
**Correct?*** Narra Dates
710 AD
**Correct?** Za
Family that had a company
Made Sake
Made rice
Japanese style of animated cartoon
Heian Dates
800 - 1100s CE
Tokugawa Period Dates
Mid 1500s-1868 CE
Green tea. Finishes almost every meal.
Tale of Genji
concerns the amorous adventures of the fictional Prince Genji and the more staid lives of his descendants. The novel paints a charming and apparently accurate picture of Japanese court life in the Heian period
17 Syllable poem
Most famous writter of haiku
Lady Murasaki
Wrote the Tale of Genji
o Gained recognition in the west
⬢ Famous for paintings of women
⬢ Impressionist
borrowed pictographs from China.
Females taken from communities and educated to become entertainers.
Zen Buddhism
concentrates on “centering”, concentration, and meditation
+Became popular in Japan
48 symbols, is a form of alphabet. This is becoming more widely used, instead of their more complex pictograph language.
Kamakura Period Dates
End of 1200s - 1300s CE
Bonsai Trees
Mini trees, dwarfed
Nihon Shoki
One of two books:
First historical record of Japan. Talked about Shinto(ism?)

Written in the early 700s CE, in Chinese characters. They are considered to be the first written history. Tends to be inaccurate, formerly oral traditions.
Japanese military commander
Artistic handwritting
One of two books:
First historical record of Japan. Talked about Shinto(ism?)

Written in the early 700s CE, in Chinese characters. They are considered to be the first written history. Tends to be inaccurate, formerly oral traditions.
Lord of manner
Commodore Perry
Commander of the fleet of US ships sailed to Japan to attempt to open trade with that nation
In the Nihon Shoki and Kojki story, the sun goddess.
Privet estates
Treaty of Kanagawa, which established an embassy and placed a US ambassador in Japan, was signed in
1854 CE
In the Nihon Shoki and Kojki story, grandson of Amaterusi. Sent to Japan to be the first Japanese people
Warrior class; All men, except those in covert, were expected to train as Samurai
Meiji Restoration Date
In the Nihon Shoki and Kojki story, Ninigi's grandson, and first emperor
Because the emperor is only 16, 13 people got together (They were very powerful) and decided that they would attempt to rule behind the scenes
Native Japanese
Called untouchables.  Eta, in early times, slaughtered animals and did the lowest jobs
 Live in certain sections of city
 Still considered discrimination
Charter Oath
1868, and says it is from the emperor
o Says that the emperor will give a constitution sometime in the future to begin a new nation
- Shinto: Way of the Gods
- Indigenous religion to Japan
- Origins traced back to the mythological times
Ritual suicide performed as a ceremony
 Make a Z in intestines
Code of the warrior
Mainichi Shimbun
First newspaper of Japan
(Sacred spirits) are said to make up nature

 Rivers, Mt. Fuji, Shrines, animals, etc, can all be considered Kami. Also included are spirits of heroes.
 Kami are considered Gaurdians
 Early Japan was divided into Uji, or clans. Each Uji has a Kami
Attempted invasion of Japan. Twice
Divine wind
Iwakura Mission
Fact finding. Went to US, England, France, Germany (Prussia)
Zas who were asked to focus in one area and form a monopoly after the Iwakura Mission
Archway in front of a Shinto Shrine
Constitution of 1889
Said that constitution is a gift from the emperor
Worship of nature, sacred animals, etc. These are found in Asia, Africa, Central/South America.
Japanese Parliament
Yasukuni shrine
Commemorates dead in battles from 1905 - WWII
Founded by Fukuzawa.
Founded Keio
Loved West - Critic of Japan for being isolationist
Francis Xavier
Jesuit missionary. Wanted to convert all of Japan
Did not promote westernization. Couldn't stand the UK.
Japan That Can Say No
Said that the US does not reinvest into businesses enough, complained about Japan-US differences in businesses, and predicted downfall of US economy
Ashikaga Period (D)
1300s to Mid 1500s
Portugule's Colonies
Goa (of India), Macao
Spain's Colonies
Dutch Colonies
East Indies
French Colonies
Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos
Great Britain Colonies
India, Sailon, Burma, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Malayn
3 Unifiers
Nobunaga, Hideyoshi, Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Period (D)/Info
1600 - 1868 -Most peacefull time
Battle of Seikigahara
1600s CE - Began the Tokugawa Shoganate
Seclusion Policy
No one in or out - Tokugawa policy
Alternate residence. Daimyo went to capitol and left family. Made Daimyos poor, and kept people in control
Four instituations borrowed from the west
Education (US and France), Government (Great Britain), Military (Prussia), Infastructure (US??)
Guilds/family owned busineses
8 Terms of Feudalism
Shogun (General), Daimyo (Lords), Shoem (estate/fife), Samurai (Knights/warrior), Peasents (Surfs/peasants), Chonin (Merchants), Eta (Untouchables), Bushido (Code of the Warrior), Seppaku (Ritual Suicide)
Elements of Tokugawa Period
Seclusion policy, alt. Residence (Sakin-Kotei), Kabuku/Noh/Bunraku, Haiku, Utermaro (Famouse 'Heiku'er)

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