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Nervous System Disorder & Disease Terms


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Alzheimer disease (AD)
Disease characterized by early senility, confusion, loss of recognition of persons or familiar surroundings, restlessness, and impaired memory
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Progressive muscle atrophy caused by hardening of nerve tissue on the lateral columns of the spinal cord. (Lou Gebrig disease).
Bell Palsy
Paralysis of muscles on one side of the face, usually a temporary condition. Symptoms include a sagging mouth on the affected side and non-closure of the eyelid
Cerebral aneurysm
Aneurysm in the cerebrum
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Condition characterized by lack of muscle control and partial paralysis, caused by a brain defect or lesion present at birth or shortly after
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
Interruption of blood supply to the brain caused by a cerebral thrombosis, embolus, or hemorrhage. The patient may experience mild to severe paralysis. (stroke, or brain attack)
Disorder in which the main symptom is recurring seizures
Increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain, which can cause enlargement of the cranium
Multiple sclerosis (MS)
Degenerative disease characterized by sclerotic patches along the brain and spinal cord.
Emotional disorder that involves an ineffective way of coping with anxiety or inner conflict
Parkinson disease (PD)
Chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system. Symptoms include resting tremors of the hands and feet, rigidity, expressionless face and shuffling gait.
Major mental disorder characterized by extreme derangement, often with delusions and hallucinations
Reye syndrome
Disease of the brain and other organs such as the liver. Affects children and adolescents. The cause is unknown, but it typically follows a viral infection.
Inflammation of the sciatic nerve, causing pain that travels from the thigh through the leg to the foot and toes.
Viral disease that affects the peripheral nerves and causes blisters on the skin that follow the course of the affected nerves. (herpes zoster)
Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
Sudden deficient supply of blood to the brain lasting a short time.

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