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Great Depression


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Sen. Huey Long
Louisiana Senator and Governor, called KING FISH
Mary McLeod Bethune
Director of the Division of Negro Affairs in the NRA
Fr. Charles E. Coughlin
Radio Priest, called the New Deal, "the Jew Deal"
Public Works Administration (PWA)
Created to build roads, new government buildings and other public projects, it was concerned with the quality of projects, not human needs.
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
Built a series of dams in seven states to control flooding, ease navigation and produce electricity
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Provided work for the able-bodied unemployed, preserve skills of American artists, actors and writers
The Brain Trust
Name given to the advisors of President Roosevelt, helped him develop the New Deal
Dust Bowl
Describes the conditions of the Great Plains as a result of the dry conditions and wind storms that blew away the soil
Bank Holiday
Emergency Banking Act, closed banks to prevent runs
Gen. Hugh Johnson
Ran the NRA
Second Agricultural Adjustment Act
Placed crops into storage, set quotas
Fair Labor Standards Act
Set the minimum wage at .40 cents an hour
Rural Electrification Administration (REA)
Low interest loans for cooperatives to supply electricity to rural areas not served by private utilties
National Youth Administration (NYA)
Offered part time work to young people between 16 and 25.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
Regulate stock exchange
Frances Perkins
First female cabinet member, Secretary of Labor
John L. Lewis
Founded the Committee for Industrial Organization, CIO
National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)
Established the National Labor Relations Board
Court Packing
An attempt by President Roosevelt to add members to the Supreme Court
National Recovery Administration (NRA)
Set codes of fair competition
John Steinbeck
Wrote the Grapes of Wrath
William H. Hastie
Black who was appointed by Roosevelt as the Assistant Solicitor of the Department of Interior
John Maynard Keynes
Economist, felt deficit spenidng was the way to start the economy
Public Assistance
Defined as government giving aid to citizens
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
Right of workers to join unions and collective bargaining
Charles Evans Hughes
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, ruled against New Deal Programs
Sen. Robert Wagner
Senator who sponsored the National Labor Relations Act, also called the Wagner Act
National Industrial Recovery Act
Set codes of fair competition
The Emergency Banking Act
Closed banks and gave the Secretary of the Treasury the power to repopen solvent banks
Federal Emergency Relief Act
Gave $500 in unemployment aid, direct relief
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
Reduce farm surplus by limiting production
Schechter v. US
Court case that challenged the NIRA power, ruled unconstitutional to give President legislative power
Civil Works Administration (CWA)
Temporary program to get people off the unemployment lines, put people to work improving and building roads, parks, playgrounds and airports.
Federal Depository Insurance Company (FDIC)
Insured bank accounts up to $100,000
Dr. Francis Townsend
Townsend plan, old age pension
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Provide unemployed young men between 18 and 25 with useful work outdoors
Harry Hopkins
Directed the Federal Emergency Relief Fund and the CWA
Federal Housing Administration (FHA)
Insured loans by banks, building and loan associations and other private groups to home owners for repair and to finance mortgages for new homes.

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