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D and E


undefined, object
copy deck
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
n evenhanded
impartial; fair
command; order; forbid
follow (as a result)
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
n endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
n downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
n dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
s chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
slow down
s fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
s deputize
work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away
s expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
s blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
reveal; N. disclosure
n defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
s weary
tired after long work; V.
n dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
period of time
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
s battalion
army unit made up of four or more companies
formal essay; treatise
operatic singer; prima donna
n distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
s murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
n emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
n dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
n expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
n extol
praise very highly; glorify
s intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
n epistemologist
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology
n dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
n enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
n execrable
very bad; detestable
n equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
n equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
n debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
empty; lacking
treat with scorn or contempt
n debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
n d\'ecollet\'e
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
territory enclosed within an alien land
charming; attractive
n exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
n dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
n doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
hasten; make go faster
s decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
n disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
erase; strike out
s mar
spoil the appearance of
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
length of time something lasts
n deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
s rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
s edifice
building (of imposing size)
s mingle
mix together in close association
n dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
n dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
n existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
s distract
take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
s outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
s embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
n epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
n dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
n expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
n dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage
s brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
n erratic
odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
s detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
s urge
drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
n exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
s urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
n didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation
s dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
n entree(entr\'ee)
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
s gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
n episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
s fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
s discompose
disturb the composure of; confuse
s reduce
diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction
n elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
s encircle
n dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
n engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
n dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
n doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
n debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
issue forth; come out
wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant
n disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
s padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
s drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
n ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.
extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety
n disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
n exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
lure or bait; V.
disapproval; condemnation
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
s merit
deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise
sheer; transparent
n extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
n dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
n disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
n demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
n emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
behavior; bearing
able to produce a desired effect; valid
s flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
dry up
n doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
n disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
s discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
s ferocious
fierce; violent; N. ferocity
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
n egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
not harmonious; conflicting
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
n devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
s dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
n empathy
ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another's feelings; V. empathize; CF. sympathy
destruction; V. demolish
n dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
based on experience
n dismantle
take apart; disassemble
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
s Elysium
place or condition of bliss
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
n dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
s indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
n ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
n demographic
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
n die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
blacken; defame
n decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
weaken; take away energy from
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
s sovereignty
complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
n epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
n ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
worsen; aggravate; embitter
s brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
s interjection
exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''
n dappled
n doff
take off; OP. don
s castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
s institutionalize
make into an institution; put or confine in an institution
neat; skillful
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
n dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless
n dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
s compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
n disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
s emasculate
weaken; castrate
n extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
n dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
daily; occurring during the daytime
s emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
profane; violate the sanctity of
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
n ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
n dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
n diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
salary; payment for an office; compensation
n descry
catch sight of (something distant)
n ethnic
relating to races
n entrance
put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
s smear
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
s embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
s dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
n drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
s exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
mar the appearance of; spoil
(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity
s chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
burden; N. encumbrance
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
s puzzle
baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.
n distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
drive out evil spirits
n dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
n debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
rub out; remove the surface of
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
n daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
n demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
n extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
s stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
n doggerel
poor verse
rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
s engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
s earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
s institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
n eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
s standstill
condition of no movement or activity; stop
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
n dirge
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
weird; causing fear because strange
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
s enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
ill will; hatred; hostility
plundering; destruction
study of insects
n dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
occupy fully; absorb
n eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
s persevere
continue steadily in spite of difficulties
n ethereal
like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
s airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
n dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
n eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
s acne
skin disease (on the face)
look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
n dispirited
lacking in spirit
obedient; easily managed; submissive
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
n droll
queer and amusing
reduce; exhaust
s derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
real being
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
n document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
s dribble
flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
separate; unconnected
n exceptionable
objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
s distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
s exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
mercy killing
n dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
n discombobulated
discomposed; confused
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
n drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
s maroon
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
n defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
expand; swell out
s except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
having womanly traits
n diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
s impoverish
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
something that discourages or deters
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
n decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
n disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
n domineer
rule over tyrannically
s dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
n dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
n don
put on; OP. doff
s ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
root up; uproot; destroy completely
n enunciate
announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.
s crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
one who studies the skin and its diseases
s effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
dig out of the ground; remove from a grave
n ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
s effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
n devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
sorrowful; N. dolor
n dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
s bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
n dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
n effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
n deleterious
s oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. ``For Christ's sake''
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
s fiend
evil spirit; devil
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
plead; ask earnestly
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
n dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
n disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
s dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ³»·Á´Ùº¸´Ù
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
s violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
s decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
totally clear; definite; outspoken
refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant
set free; liberate
n errant
wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant
effort; expenditure of much physical work; V. exert oneself: make a great effort
delaying; tending to delay
n dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
ban on commerce or other activity
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
s frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
n discount
disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
s executive
person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
n effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
s legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
s ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
s prank
mischievous trick
s glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
n excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
n disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
s drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
list; mention one by one
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
n enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
s trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
dead; no longer in use or existence
make amends for (a sin)
n determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
n disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
n defeatist
resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism
egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited
clear from blame or guilt
n draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
hard unpleasant work; menial work
s seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
decode; CF. indecipherable
calmness of temperament; composure
s wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
argumentative; fond of argument
n earthy
unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
n desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
s ego
one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
short-lived; fleeting
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
s executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will; ¿¹¼ú ÀÛÇ°ÀÇ Á¦ÀÛÀÚ
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
n enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
small in amount; minute
n discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
n edify
instruct; correct morally
n dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
s judiciary
judicial branch of government
n dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
cause; produce; give rise to
n defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
n epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
s sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
n evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
s queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
n epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
n extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
(of something written or painted) still in existence
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
s nonsense
speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
n distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
s institute
organization for a special purpose; V: establish
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
n duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
n d\'enouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
n exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
s swear-word
word considered offensive; Ex. ``bloody''
s Epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
n disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
n docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
s desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
s dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
n equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
oddity; idiosyncrasy
s debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
n elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
s executioner
person administering capital punishment
n disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
s expos\'e
public revelation of something discreditable
n equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
n detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
s dissonance
s egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
s smudge
dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
n deign
condescend; stoop
mar; disfigure
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement
n diadem
s sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
s distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
n elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
n distrait
absentminded; distracted
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
n excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
s defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
n demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
n duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
n delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
s treasure
keep as precious; cherish
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
show clearly
n disgruntle
make discontented
energetic; vigorously active
s outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; N.
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
n equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand
s trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
n eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize
s chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
n dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
s endear
make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced
s dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
s dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
s dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
n declivity
downward slope
n disarray
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
n dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
flood; rush; V.
s swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
n expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
s dys-
abnormal; impaired
enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach
n dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
s ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
n ewe
female sheep
explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition
n espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
s mantle
loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
n euphoria
feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
provide with some quality; endow
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
n esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
n douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
n dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
n dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
n drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
n extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
n ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
n exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
departure (of a large number of people)
n drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
n expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
respect; value; judge; N.
n disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
s decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
n expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
n demotic
of or pertaining to the people
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
n diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
s dull
(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.
praising; full of eulogy
n determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
n disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
s elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
not planned; impromptu; extempore
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; V: carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end
s ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
s hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
s mischief
behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome
bold; fearless
n eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
n exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
s kneel
go down on one's knee(s)
n elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
n domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
s effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
s dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
n deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
n expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
n emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)

Deck Info