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MPCS8thHistorySpring Final

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Who was the first man in space?
Russian Yuri Gagarin
Who was the first American to orbit the earth?
John Glenn
What Confederate prison in Georgia was famous for cruel treatment of Union prisoners?
Andersonville Prison
How long did the siege at the Alamo last?
12 days
What book did Hitler write?
Mein Kampf
What 4 countries originally claimed Oregon?
United States, Great Britain, Spain, and Russia
Who was the captain of the Titanic?
Captain Edward Smith
Who became dictator of Cuba in 1959?
Fidel Castro
What Supreme Court case led to the practice of "separate but not equal"?
Plessy vs. Ferguson
What leader of the Civil Rights movement led the Montgomery Bus Boycott?
Martin Luther King, Jr.
What slogan did James K. Polk use in the election of 1844?
Fifty-Four Forty or Fight - referring to the line of latitude that Democrats believed should be the nation's northern boundary in Oregon
What Japanese pilot led the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Mitsuo Fuchida
What are the names of the cities that have served as Georgia's capital?
Savannah, Augusta, Heards Fort, Ebeneezer, Atlanta, Louisville, Milledgeville, and Macon
Who is Georgia's governor?
Sonny Purdue
Who was the first European to reach Georgia?
Hernando de Soto
Who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
Gavrilo Princip
What was the Zimmerman note?
a note the German Foreign Secretary sent as a coded telegram to the German Ambassador in Mexico City proposing an alliance with Mexico if war with the U.S. broke out
Who became the leader of the Soviet Union in the 1920's?
Joseph Stalin
How did West Virginia become a state?
After the Civil War, the state of Virginia was required to reorganize its government and agree to the new Amendments to the Constitution (13-15) before it could be re-admitted.
What treaty ended World War I?
Treaty of Versailles
What other states had seceded by February, 1861?
Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida
Who was the Confederate commander during the Civil War?
Jefferson Davis
Who was Vice President of the Confederacy?
Alexander H. Stephens
Who made the first flight?
the Wright Brothers
What African American regiment led an attack on a fort near Charleston, South Carolina in 1863?
the 54th Massachusetts
Who became dictator of Italy in 1922?
Benito Mussolini
What is Georgia's legislature called?
the Georgia General Assembly
How many representatives does Georgia currently have is the U.S. House?
13
What African American cook became a hero for his bravery during the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Dorie Miller
What Union nurse founded the American Red Cross?
Clara Barton
Who was the northern Democratic candidate in 1860?
Stephen A. Douglas
In what building did Lincoln actually die?
the Peterson House
Who was the first modern governor to serve 2 terms?
Carl Sanders
Who is Georgia's Speaker of the House?
Glenn Richardson
What was the first major battle of the war?
First Battle of Bull Run
Who assassinated John F. Kennedy?
Lee Harvey Oswald
What Treaty ended the Mexican-American War?
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Who was the first President to be impeached?
Andrew Johnson
What is Georgia's longest river?
Chattahoochee River
What failed attempt to assassinate Castro did Kennedy lead in 1961?
Bay of Pigs
Who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin?
Harriett Beecher Stowe
On what date did the Civil War start?
April 12, 1861
Who came to Texas in 1835 after losing re-election to Congress in Tennessee?
Davy Crockett
What play was Lincoln watching when he was assassinated?
Our American Cousin
Who was the American commander in Europe during World War II?
General John Jay (Black Jack)
What was the original purpose of the Republican Party?
to rally for the establishment of liberty and the overthrow of the Slave Power
What was the first state to secede from the Union?
South Carolina
Who was elected President of Texas in 1836?
Sam Houston
Where did the Civil War start?
Fort Sumter - South Carolina
What were Northern Advantages and Disadvantages?
###
Why did Jim Bowie give up his portion of the command?
he became very ill and was killed by Mexicans
Who is Georgia's Lt. Governor?
Casey Cagle
What case did Brown vs. Board of Education overturn?
Plessy vs. Ferguson
What was the capital of the Confederacy?
Richmond, Virginia due to its close proximity to Washington, D.C. - the Union's captial - only 100 miles away
Who was the Republican candidate in 1860?
Abraham Lincoln
When and where was the first atomic bomb dropped?
August 6, 1945 on Hiroshima
Who was President of the Confederacy?
Jefferson Davis
Who assassinated Abraham Lincoln?
John Wilkes Booth
How did West Virginia become a state?
members of Virginia wanted to secede from the state and rejoin the Union grew - 48 Virginia counties organized themselves into a second state - West Virginia and it was admitted to the Union in 1863
Where did the Confederate surrender take place?
small Virginia village called Appomattox Court House
What countries made up of Axis Powers?
Germany, Italy, and Japan
How many people died during the Battle of Fort Sumter?
there was no loss of life on either side
Who won the election of 1860?
Abraham Lincoln
Who was the American commander in the Alamo?
William B. Travis
What actually freed the slaves?
Amendment
What did they call the Republic of California?
The Bear Flag Republic
How many counties does Georgia have?
159
Where was Lincoln assassinated?
Ford's Theater
What is the term for the process of returning the South to the Union?
reconstruction
What Union spy stole The General on April 12, 1862?
James J. Andrews
What group settled what is now Utah?
Mormons
Who was commander of the Texas forces at the Alamo?
Sam Houston
What was the Underground Railroad?
a network of safe houses owned by free blacks and whites who opposed slavery and offered assistance to runaway slaves
What was the Maginot Line?
line of concrete, fortifications, tank obstacles, and machine gun posts along France's border with Germany and Italy
Who invented the telephone?
Alexander Graham Bell
Who was accidentally shot by his own men after the Battle of Chancellorsville?
General Stonewall Jackson
What speech did Martin Luther King, Jr. give at the March on Washington in August 1963?
"I Have a Dream"
Who was Britain's Prime Minister during World War II?
Winston Churchill
What was the North's main goal at the BEGINNING of the war?
###
What Japanese admiral planned out the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Isoroku Yamamoto
What is Georgia's state bird?
brown thrasher
Who was the Constitutional Union Candidate in 1860?
John Bell of Tennessee
Who was arrested for refusing to move from "whites only" area of a bus on Dec. 1, 1955?
Rosa Parks
What 4 slave states stayed in the Union?
Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware
Who was the leader of the Bolsheviks?
Vladimir Lenin
Who was the American commander in the Pacific during World War II?
General Douglas MacArthur
Describe Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.
A young girl named Linda Brown was forced to ride a bus several miles to a black school when a white school was just blocks away. Marshall argued that black schools could not be equal to white schools. The Supreme Court ruled unanimously in 1954 that separation by race was automatically unequal, so segregation was unconstitutional.
When and where was the second atomic bomb dropped?
August 9, 1945 on Nagasaki
Who translated for Oglethorpe and Tomochichi?
Mary Musgrove
Who was the first American in space?
Alan Shepard
What practice did Henry Ford pioneer?
assembly line
Who were the Whig candidates in 1840?
William Henry Harrison and John Tyler
Who founded Georgia?
James E. Oglethorpe
What was the first artificial satellite
Sputnik
Who were the Central Powers in the Great War or WWI?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman Empire
Who was the second President to be impeached?
Bill Clinton
Who was the Emperor of Japan during World War II?
Emperor Hironito
Who became Prime Minister of Japan in 1941?
Hideki Tojo
How long did Harrison's presidency last and why?
only one month - he died in April while in office of pneumonia
When and where did the California gold rush begin?
present-day Sacramento on January 24, 1848
Who became President of Mexico in 1833?
Santa Anna
What African American woman helped to free hundreds of slaves on the Underground Railroad?
Harriet Tubman
What were Southern Advantages and Disadvantages?
advantages -war was primarily in the South which was its home territory and they greatly wanted to win to preserve their way of life. disadvantages
Who captured and burned Atlanta in 1864?
General William T. Sherman
Who was the southern Democratic candidate in 1860?
John C. Breckenridge
Who invented the light bulb?
Thomas A. Edison
Who was Georgia named for?
King George II
What is Georgia's widest river?
Alamtha River
Who was the first woman in congress?
Jeanette Rankin
Who discovered the South Pass in 1823?
Jedediah Smith
Who are Georgia's US senators?
Saxby Chambliss and Johnny Isakson
Who was the first man on the moon?
Neil Armstrong
When and where did the first flight take place?
Kitty Hawk, NC in 1903
Who was Vice President of the Confederacy?
Alexander H. Stephens
Who were the Allied Powers in the Great War or WW I?
Great Britain, France, and Russia
What states seceded after the war started?
Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas
Who became the leader of the Nazi Party in Germany in 1921?
Adolf Hitler
What Georgian discovered the use of ether as an anesthetic?
Dr. Crawford Long
How long did the Battle of the Alamo last?
90 minutes
What ship exploded near Cuba in 1898, leading to the Spanish-American War?
the Maine
What is Georgia's state flower?
Cherokee Rose
What was the Whig slogan for the 1840 election?
Tippecanoe and Tyler Too
What was the South's main goal?
###
What local Indian chief became friends with Oglethorpe?
Tomochichi
What did the Indians call what is now Georgia?
Guale
Who led a bombing raid on Japan in April 1942?
Jimmy Doolittle
What is Georgia's state tree?
Live Oak
What is Georgia's state song?
Georgia on My Mind
When and where was D-Day?
June 6, 1944 on the French coast of Normandy
Who was the last Tsar in Russia?
Nicholas III
Who assassinated Martin Luther King, Jr.?
James Earl Ray
In what city was the transcontinental railroad completed?
Promontory Point - in the Utah territory

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