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English Exam 2


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Emily Dickinson
led a quiet, reclusive life/ "Because I could not stop for death"/ "Much Madness Is Divinest Sense"- cruelty and intolerence/ "Some Keep the Sabbath Going to Church" - deep but uncoventional faith/ "I Never Saw a Moor" - faith/"Success Is Counted Sweetest" - to people who never succeed/ "Hope is the Thing with Feathers" - hope is warm and demanding
"The Book of Wisdom"
speaker does not know as much as he thought
Local Color
writing that portrays customs, dialects, etc., of a certain region of country
Ralph Waldo Emerson
famous Transcendentalist
holds integrity of the mind sacred/ "a foolish consistency is the hobglobin of little minds"
Edgar Allan Poe
probed the irrational, dark forces in humans/ modern detective story has orgins in his works/ short stories designed to produce in a single effect
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
wrote "The Song of Hiawatha","The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls" - signifies powerful rhythms of nature, especially life and death/ "A Psalm of Life" - live in the present, work toward achieving goals."...Time is fleeting
"To a Waterfowl"
contains symbol of man's lonely journey through life
Oliver Wendell Holmes
"The Chambered Nautilus" - uses a shell as a symbol of spiritual growth/ presents idea that life is a preparation for death
deliberate repetition of words, phrases, or sentences at beginnings of successive clauses, sentences or paragraphs to intensify impact
Henry David Thoreau
went to the woods "to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived."/ advice - "Simplify"/ left Walden Pond to try other experiments in life/ famous Transcendentalist
"The Devil and Tom Walker"
message that greed and selfishness will be punished/ pokes fun at heartless money leaders, misers, religious fanatics/ folk tale that warns against greed
James Russell Lowell, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Oliver Wendell Holmes
"The Raven"
presents an ominous, dreary, mysterious mood/ speaker trying to forget grief over death of loved one/ contains symbolic reminder of the necessity of loss and suffering in life
"Concord Hymn"
colonists fighting in Revolutionary War
Washington Irving
first really well-known and distinguished American Literary figure/ primary purpose in writing was to amuse and entertain
"The Rhodora"
speaker and flower share the same power behind creation and purpose
stresses that all humans are united in death/ emphasizes the closeness between humans and nature
Herman Melville
a "Dissenter"/ masterpiece - Moby Dick
a reference to a literary work or to a person or even outside of literature
Bret Harte
local color writer; dealt with Western Frontier/ hailed as new genius of American letters
"The American Scholar"
calls scholar in the right state - "Man Thinking"/ most important influence upon the scholar-nature/second influence into the spirit of the scholar - mind of the past/described as our "intellectual Declaration of Independence"
from "Nature" mirrors range of human emotions, suggests a return to reason and faith in the woods
"The Fall of the House of Usher"
Gothic tale with a gloomy setting/ most important element is mood/ tarn represents the evil that surrounds and destroys
related to the concept of the "Over-Soul"/ presents death as an illusion in context of all eternity
James Fenimore Cooper
wrote The Leatherstocking Tales / gave America one of its great heroes in Natty Bumppo
Nathaniel Hawthorne
wrote The Scarlet Letter and The House of the Seven Gables/ a "Dissenter"
William Cullen Bryant
saw nature as an answer to human wants and needs / "father of American Poetry"
Charles Brown
generally regarded as the first "American Gothic" novelist
"Song of Myself"
unity of poet and all other individuals
"War is Kind"
satirical poem, paints a scene of slaughter on battlefield
"A Noiseless,Patient Spider"
human relationships or a union with God
Walt Whitman
masterpiece - Leaves of Grass/ great elergy to Lincoln - "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd/ Romantic poet / Poet of Democracy/ used free verse - poetry without regular patterns of rhyme or meter
"The Ministers Black Veil" - veil represents hidden sin of all humans and the isolation it can cause/ a parable about secret sin/ theme of disguised evil
from "Civil Disobedience" - protest against Mexican War; "That government is best which governs least."
Stephen Crane
a major naturalist/ believed the individuals product of heredity and environment/ most responsible for bringing naturalism to American Literature/ realistic novel - The Red Badge of Courage
"I Hear America Singing"
varied individuals combined into an admirable whole

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