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MPCS 8th History Final


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Who was arrested for refusing to move from a "whites only" area of a bus on Decmeber 1, 1955?
Rosa Parks
What was the Underground Railroad?
A secret route to lead slaves to the North.
What book did Hitler write?
Mein Kampf - "My Struggle"
Who was the northern Democratic candidate in 1860?
Stephen A. Douglas
What was the first artificial earth satellite?
What is the tern for the process of returning te South to the Union?
Who were the Allied powers?
Great Britian, France, Russia, Japan, Italy, and The U.S.
Who was the last tzar of Russia?
Nicholas II Romanov
Who was the first American in space?
Alan Shepherd
Where did the Civil War start?
Ft. Sumter, South Carolina
What was the South's Main goal during the Civil War?
to be recognized as an independent nation
What was the capital of the Confederacy?
Richmons, Virginia
What Georgian discovered the use of Ether as an anestheic?
Crawford W. Long
For what 3 reasons was Georgia founded?
1. To serve as a buffer colony betwen Florida and South Carolina, 2. As a debtor colony, 3. To produce silk.
What practice did Henry Ford pioneer?
the Assembly Line
Who invented the telephone?
Alexander Graham Bell
Who was Georgia named for?
King George II
Who assassinated Martin Luther King, Jr.?
James Earl Ray
What other states had seceded by February, 1860?
Texas, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida
What speech did Martin Luther King, Jr. give at the MArch on Washington in August 1963?
"I Have A Dream"
Where did they create an Indian Territory in 1834?
What Union spy stole The General on April 12, 1862?
James Andrews
What leader of the Civil rights movement led the Montgomery Bus Boycott?
Martin Luther King, Jr.
How many counties does Georgia have?
Who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
Gavrilo Princep
Name the cities that have serves as Georgia's capital.
1. Savannah (1733-1785) 2. Augusta (1785-1796) 3. Louisville (1796-1809) 4. Milledgeville (1809-1869) 5. Atlanta (1869-Present)
What was the first state to secede from the Union?
South Carolina- December 20, 1860
Who translated for Oglethorpe and Tomochichi?
Mary Musgrove
Who was the American commander in the Pacific during WWII?
Douglas MacArthur
What treaty ended WWI?
Treaty of Versailles
Who assassination Abraham Lincoln?
John Wilkes Booth
Who became leader of the Nazi Party in Germany in 1921?
Adolph Hitler
Describe the attack on Harper's Ferry Virginia in 1859.
John Brown was a radical abolitionist, wanted to lead slave revolt- tried to capture the arsenal at Harper's Ferry and give weapons to slaves. No slaves rebeled because they didnt know about the revolt because it was so secretive. U.S. Marines under Robert E. Lee ended the rebellion.
Who was the first modern governor to serve two terms?
George Busbee
In what building did Lincoln actually die?
The Peterson House
Describe what happened to Dr. Marcus Whitman.
the indians were getting sick with the measels so they killed him thinking it would fix the problem. they thought he brought the measels int their tribe.
What is Georgia's widest river?
The Altamaha
Who was the American commender in Europe during WWII?
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Who became dictator of Italy in 1922?
Benito Mussolini
How long did Harrison's presidency last? Why?
1 month- he died of Pmeumonia
Who was the vice president of the Confederacy?
Alexander H. Stephens
Who was elected president of Texas in 1836?
Samuel Houston
What Confederate prision in Georgia was famous for cruel treatment of Union prisioners?
Andersonville Prision
Who is Georgia's Speaker of the House?
Glenn Richardson
What is Georgia's state bird?
The Brown Thrasher
Describe the Compromise of 1850.
1. California admitted as a free state, 2. slave tradeabolished in D.C., 3. New Mexico had no restricions on slavery, 4. stronger fugitive slave laws, 5.border dispute settled in favor of New Mexico.
Who captured and burned Atlanta in 1864?
General William T. Sherman
What Japanese pilot led the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Mitsuo Fuchida
Where and when did this flight take place?
Kitty Hawk, North Carolina - 1903
What African-American cook became a hero for his bravery during the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Dorie Miller
Who was the first European to reach Georgia?
Hernando De Soto
Who invented the light bulb?
Thomas Edison
Who was the first man in space?
Yuri Gagarin
What local indian chief became friends with Oglethorpe?
What was the North's main goal at the beginning of the Civil War?
to keep the Union together
Where did the Confederate surrender take place?
Appomattox Court House
What was the Maginot line?
designed by Andre Maginot to prevent a German invasion
What was their slogan? (the Whig candidates)
"Tippecanoe and Tyler too"
Describe the terms of the Adams-Onis Treaty
1. the United States would get Florida and Oregon, 2. The U.S. gave up claims to Texas, 3. The U.S. agreed to pay the $5 million owed to American citizens by Spain, 4. the 42 parrallel was the border between America and Spain.
Who is Georgia's Lieutenant governor?
Casey Cagle
What is Georgia's state flower?
The Cherokee Rose
Who was the American commander at the Alamo?
William Travis
What case did Brown vs. Board of Education overturn?
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Describe the Missouri Compromise
Missouri and Maine both wanted to become states, Henry Clay proposed that Maine enter as a free state and Missouri enter as a slave state.
Who was the southern Democratic candidate in 1860?
John Breckenridge
Who was the first American to orbit the earth?
John Glenn
What actually freed the slaves?
13th Amendment
Who was the first woman in congress?
Jeanette Rankin
Who became dictator of Cuba in 1959?
Fidel Castro
What is Georgia's state tree?
The Live Oak
Who were the candidates for president in 1824?
William H Crawford, Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay
Who was the Captain of the Titanic?
Edward Smith
Who was the president of the Confederacy?
Jefferson Davis
Who was the commander of the Texas forces at the Alamo?
Samuel Houston
How did West Virgina become a state?
48 counties of Virginia didnt want slaves so they seceded from Virginia and rejoined the Union
What African American woman helped tto free hundreds of slaves on the Undergroud railroad?
Harriet Tubman
What failed attempt to assassinate Castro did John F. Kennedy lead in 1961?
The Bay of Pigs
Who was the Rupublican candidate in 1860?
Abraham Lincoln
What Supreme Court Case led to the practice of "Seperate but equal?"
Plessy vs. Ferguson
What treaty ended the Mexican-American War?
The Treaty Of Guadalupe Hildago.
Who was Britians prime minister during WWII?
Winston Churchhill
Who became leader of the Soviet Union in the 1920's?
Joseph Stalin
What is the term for the forced march of the Cherokee to the Indian Territory?
The Trail of Tears
On what date did the Civil War start?
April 12, 1861
What play was Lincoln watching when he was assassinated?
"Our American Cousin"
When and Where did the California gold rush begin?
January 29, 1898 - Sutter's Mill, California.
What Japanese Admiral planned out the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Isoruku Yamemoto
How many people died during the Battle at Ft. Sumter?
What was the first major battle of the Civil War?
Bull Run
Describe how Stephen F. Austin became the first empresario.
He brought the Old 300 into Texas finishing his father, Moses Austin's work.
Who was the Vice President of the Confederacy? (He was from Georgia)
Alexander H. Stephens
Who were the Central Powers?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and The Ottoman Empire
Describe the Battle of San Jacinto.
April 21, 1836. last battle in the Mexican-American War, 800 Texans vs. 1300 Mexicans. Texans shouted "Remeber the Alamo, remember Goliad" battle was over in 18 minutes, Texans won killin 600 and capturing 700 including Santa Anna.
How many representatives does Georgia currently have in the U.S. House of Representatives?
How long did the Battle of the Alamo last?
90 minutes
Where was Lincoln assassinated?
Ford's Theater
Who was the Constitutional Union candidate in 1860?
John Bell
Who became president of Mexico in 1833?
General Santa Anna
Who was accidentally shot by his own men after the battle of Chancellorsville?
Andrew Jackson
Who made the first airplane flight?
the Wright Brothers
What four countries originally claimed Oregon?
Russia, Spain, Britian, and the U.S.
What Union nurse founded the American Red Cross?
Clara Barton
When and where was D-Day?
June 6, 1944
What is Georgia's longest river?
The Chattahoochee
Describe Worcester vs. Georgia, including what le to it and it's conclusion.
The Supreme Court (John Marshall as head Justice) rules in favor of the Cherokee Indians keeping their land, Andrew Jackson was the president and said "Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it." The law was never enforced, it led to the Trail of Tears.
What did the indians call what is now Georgia?
Describe the outcome of the election in Kansas in 1855.
Border ruffians illegally voted in the election, there were only 1500 voters in Kansa and 6000 votes were cast. a pro-slavery legislature was elected, anti-slavery legislature elected also. two governors, two senates, ect.
What is Georgia's legislature called?
The General Assembly
What was the Zimmerman Note?
A secret telegram sent to the German embassator in Mexico during WWI from the German foreign Secretary- tries to get Mexico to attack the U.S. and take back U.S. territory- essenctially what brought U.S. into WWI
What four slaves states stayed in the Union?
Missouri, Maryland, Kentucky, and Delaware
Who won the election of 1860?
Abraham Lincoln
Who was the first president to be impeached?
Andrew Johnson
Who was the leader of the Bolsheviks?
Vladimir Lenin
Who are Georgia's U.S. senators?
Saxby Chambliss and Johnny Isakson
What group settles in what is now Utah?
Who was the second president to be impeached?
Bill Clinton
What African American regimant lad an attack on a fort near Charleston, South Carolina in 1863?
54th Massachuetts
What states seceded after the war started?
Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas
Why did Jim Bowie give up his portion of the command?
He got sick
Who assassinated John F Kenedy?
Lee Harvy Oswald
Describe the outcome of the election in 1824.
John Quincy Adams beat Andrew Jackson in the Corrupt Bargain
What is Georgia's state song?
"Georgia On My Mind"
When and where was the first atomic bomb dropped?
August 6, 1945 - Hiroshima
What 3 countries made u pthe Axis powers?
Japan, Italy, and Germany
Who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin?
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Who led 7,000 troops to the South in order to forcibly remove the Cherokee?
General Winfield Scott
How long did the siegw at the Alamo last?
12 days
What was the original purpose of the Republican Party?
to keep slavery from spreading
Who discovered the South Pass in 1823?
Jedediah Smith
Who was the first man on the moon?
Neil Armstrong
When and where was the second atomic bomb dropped?
August 9, 1945 - Nagasaki
What slogan did James K. Polk use in the election of 1844?
"Fifty-Four-Fourty or Fight"
Who is Georgia's governor?
Sonny Purdue
What did they call the republic of California?
The Bear Flag Republic
Wh founded Georgia?
James Oglethorpe
Who led a bombing raid on Japan in April 1942?
Jimmy Doolittle
Who was the Emperor of Japan during WWII?
Emperor Hirohito
Who were the Whig candidates in 1840?
William Henry Harrison and John Tyler
Describe the dread Scott case, including the Supreme Court's Decision.
Dread Scott sued because his owner moved to a free state so technically he should have been freed, Supreme Court says "Slaves are property not people" Dread Scott isn't freed.
Who created the Cherokee alphabet?
Who became prime minister of Japan in 1941?
Hideki Tojo

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